Illinois Social Studies Standards — Grade 6


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14.A.3.

Describe how responsibilities are shared and limited by the United States and Illinois Constitutions and significant court decisions.

14.B.3.

Identify and compare the basic political systems of Illinois and the United States as prescribed in their constitutions.

14.C.3.

Compare historical issues involving rights, roles and status of individuals in relation to municipalities, states and the nation.

14.D.3.

Describe roles and influences of individuals, groups and media in shaping current Illinois and United States public policy (e.g., general public opinion, special interest groups, formal parties, media).

14.E.3.

Compare the basic principles of the United States and its international interests (e.g., territory, environment, trade, use of technology).

14.F.3a.

Analyze historical influences on the development of political ideas and practices as enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the Illinois Constitution.

14.F.3b.

Describe how United States political ideas and traditions were instituted in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

15.A.3a.

Explain how market prices signal producers about what, how and how much to produce.

15.A.3b.

Explain the relationship between productivity and wages.

15.A.3c.

Describe the relationship between consumer purchases and businesses paying for productive resources.

15.A.3d.

Describe the causes of unemployment (e.g., seasonal fluctuation in demand, changing jobs, changing skill requirements, national spending).

15.B.3a.

Describe the market clearing price of a good or service.

15.B.3b.

Explain the effects of choice and competition on individuals and the economy as a whole.

15.C.3.

Identify and explain the effects of various incentives to produce a good or service.

15.D.3a.

Explain the effects of increasing and declining imports and exports to an individual and to the nation's economy as a whole.

15.D.3b.

Explain how comparative advantage forms the basis for specialization and trade among nations.

15.D.3c.

Explain how workers can affect their productivity through training and by using tools, machinery and technology.

15.E.3a.

Identify the types of taxes levied by differing levels of governments (e.g., income tax, sales tax, property tax).

15.E.3b.

Explain how laws and government policies (e.g., property rights, contract enforcement, standard weights/measurements) establish rules that help a market economy function effectively.

16.A.3a.

Describe how historians use models for organizing historical interpretation (e.g., biographies, political events, issues and conflicts).

16.A.3b.

Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.

16.A.3c.

Identify the differences between historical fact and interpretation.

16.B.3a.

Describe how different groups competed for power within the colonies and how that competition led to the development of political institutions during the early national period.

16.B.3b.

Explain how and why the colonies fought for their independence and how the colonists' ideas are reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.

16.B.3c.

Describe the way the Constitution has changed over time as a result of amendments and Supreme Court decisions.

16.B.3d.

Describe ways in which the United States developed as a world political power.

16.B.3e.

Compare the political characteristics of Greek and Roman civilizations with non-Western civilizations, including the early Han dynasty and Gupta empire, between 500 BCE and 500 CE.

16.B.3f.

Identify causes and effects of the decline of the Roman empire and other major world political events (e.g., rise of the Islamic empire, rise and decline of the T'ang dynasty, establishment of the kingdom of Ghana) between 500 CE and 1500 CE.

16.B.3g.

Identify causes and effects of European feudalism and the emergence of nation states between 500 CE and 1500 CE.

16.B.3h.

Describe political effects of European exploration and expansion on the Americas, Asia, and Africa after 1500 CE.

16.C.3a.

Describe economic motivations that attracted Europeans and others to the Americas, 1500-1750.

16.C.3b.

Explain relationships among the American economy and slavery, immigration, industrialization, labor and urbanization, 1700-present.

16.C.3c.

Describe how economic developments and government policies after 1865 affected the country's economic institutions including corporations, banks and organized labor.

16.C.3d.

Describe major economic trends from 1000 to 1500 CE including long distance trade, banking, specialization of labor, commercialization, urbanization and technological and scientific progress.

16.C.3e.

Describe the economic systems and trade patterns of North America, South America and Mesoamerica before the encounter with the Europeans.

16.C.3f.

Describe the impact of technology (e.g., weaponry, transportation, printing press, microchips) in different parts of the world, 1500 - present.

16.D.3a.

Describe characteristics of different kinds of communities in various sections of America during the colonial/frontier periods and the 19th century.

16.D.3b.

Describe characteristics of different kinds of families in America during the colonial/frontier periods and the 19th century.

16.D.3c.

Identify the origins and analyze consequences of events that have shaped world social history including famines, migrations, plagues, slave trading.

16.E.3a.

Describe how early settlers in Illinois and the United States adapted to, used and changed the environment prior to 1818.

16.E.3b.

Describe how the largely rural population of the United States adapted, used and changed the environment after 1818.

16.E.3c.

Describe the impact of urbanization and suburbanization, 1850 - present, on the environment.

16.E.3d.

Describe how the people of the Huang He, Tigris-Euphrates, Nile and Indus river valleys shaped their environments during the agricultural revolution, 4000 - 1000 BCE.

16.E.3e.

Explain how expanded European and Asian contacts affected the environment of both continents, 1000 BCE - 1500 CE.

17.A.3a.

Explain how people use geographic markers and boundaries to analyze and navigate the Earth (e.g., hemispheres, meridians, continents, bodies of water).

17.A.3b.

Explain how to make and use geographic representations to provide and enhance spatial information including maps, graphs, charts, models, aerial photographs, satellite images.

17.B.3a.

Explain how physical processes including climate, plate tectonics, erosion, soil formation, water cycle, and circulation patterns in the ocean shape patterns in the environment and influence availability and quality of natural resources.

17.B.3b.

Explain how changes in components of an ecosystem affect the system overall.

17.C.3a.

Explain how human activity is affected by geographic factors.

17.C.3b.

Explain how patterns of resources are used throughout the world.

17.C.3c.

Analyze how human processes influence settlement patterns including migration and population growth.

17.D.3a.

Explain how and why spatial patterns of settlement change over time.

17.D.3b.

Explain how interactions of geographic factors have shaped present conditions.

18.A.3.

Explain how language, literature, the arts, architecture and traditions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

18.A.3b.

Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

18.B.3a.

Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions (e.g., educational, military).

18.C.3a.

Describe ways in which a diverse U.S. population has developed and maintained common beliefs (e.g., life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; the Constitution and the Bill of Rights).

18.C.3b.

Explain how diverse groups have contributed to U.S. social systems over time.