Illinois Social Studies Standards — Grade 9


Click on any standard to search for aligned resources. This data may be subject to copyright. You may download a CSV of the Illinois Social Studies Standards if your intention constitutes fair use.


Plan, assess, and analyze learning aligned to these standards using Kiddom.

Learn more: How Kiddom Empowers Teachers.

14.A.4.

Analyze how local, state and national governments serve the purposes for which they were created.

14.B.4.

Compare the political systems of the United States to other nations.

14.C.4.

Describe the meaning of participatory citizenship (e.g., volunteerism, voting) at all levels of government and society in the United States.

14.D.4.

Analyze roles and influences of individuals, groups and media in shaping current debates on state and national policies.

14.E.4.

Analyze historical trends of United States foreign policy (e.g., emergence as a world leader - military, industrial, financial).

14.F.4a.

Determine the historical events and processes that brought about changes in United States political ideas and traditions (e.g., the New Deal, Civil War).

14.F.4b.

Describe how United States' political ideas, practices and technologies have extended rights for Americans in the 20th century (e.g., suffrage, civil rights, motor-voter registration).

15.A.4a.

Explain how national economies vary in the extent that government and private markets help allocate goods, services and resources.

15.A.4b.

Describe Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

15.A.4c.

Analyze the impact of inflation on an individual and the economy as a whole.

15.A.4d.

Explain the effects of unemployment on the economy.

15.B.4a.

Explain the costs and benefits of making consumer purchases through differing means (e.g., credit, cash).

15.B.4b.

Analyze the impact of current events (e.g., weather/natural disasters, wars) on consumer prices.

15.C.4a.

Analyze the impact of political actions and natural phenomena (e.g., wars, legislation, natural disaster) on producers and production decisions.

15.C.4b.

Explain the importance of research, development, invention, technology and entrepreneurship to the United States economy.

15.D.4a.

Explain the meaning and importance of balance of trade and how trade surpluses and deficits between nations are determined.

15.D.4b.

Describe the relationships between the availability and price of a nation's resources and its comparative advantage in relation to other nations.

15.D.4c.

Describe the impact of worker productivity (output per worker) on business, the worker and the consumer.

15.E.4a.

Explain why government may intervene in a market economy.

15.E.4b.

Describe social and environmental benefits and consequences of production and consumption.

15.E.4c.

Analyze the relationship between a country's science/technology policies and its level and balance of trade.

16.A.4a.

Analyze and report historical events to determine cause-and-effect relationships.

16.A.4b.

Compare competing historical interpretations of an event.

16.B.4a.

Identify political ideas that have dominated United States historical eras (e.g., Federalist, Jacksonian, Progressivist, New Deal, New Conservative).

16.B.4b.

Identify political ideas that began during the Renaissance and the Enlightenment and that persist today (e.g., church/state relationships).

16.B.4c.

Identify political ideas from the early modern historical era to the present which have had worldwide impact (e.g., nationalism/Sun Yat-Sen, non-violence/Ghandi, independence/Kenyatta).

16.C.4a.

Explain how trade patterns developed between the Americas and the rest of the global economy, 1500 - 1840.

16.C.4b.

Analyze the impact of westward expansion on the United States economy.

16.C.4c.

Describe how American economic institutions were shaped by industrialists, union leaders and groups including Southern migrants, Dust Bowl refugees, agricultural workers from Mexico and female workers since 1914.

16.C.4d.

Describe the growing dominance of American and European capitalism and their institutions after 1500.

16.C.4e.

Compare socialism and communism in Europe, America, Asia and Africa after 1815 CE.

16.C.4f.

Describe the impact of key individuals/ideas from 1500 - present, including Adam Smith, Karl Marx and John Maynard Keynes.

16.C.4g.

Describe how the maturing economies of Western Europe and Japan led to colonialism and imperialism.

16.D.4a.

Describe the immediate and long-range social impacts of slavery.

16.D.4b.

Describe unintended social consequences of political events in United States history (e.g., Civil War/emancipation, National Defense Highway Act/decline of inner cities, Vietnam War/anti-government activity).

16.D.4c.

Identify significant events and developments since 1500 that altered world social history in ways that persist today including colonization, Protestant Reformation, industrialization, the rise of technology and human rights movements.

16.E.4a.

Describe the causes and effects of conservation and environmental movements in the United States, 1900 - present.

16.E.4b.

Describe different and sometimes competing views, as substantiated by scientific fact, that people in North America have historically held towards the environment (e.g., private and public land ownership and use, resource use vs. preservation).

16.E.4c.

Describe how cultural encounters among peoples of the world (e.g., Colombian exchange, opening of China and Japan to external trade, building of Suez canal) affected the environment, 1500 - present.

16.E.4d.

Describe how migration has altered the world's environment since 1450.

17.A.4a.

Use mental maps of physical features to answer complex geographic questions (e.g., how physical features have deterred or enabled migration).

17.A.4b.

Use maps and other geographic instruments and technologies to analyze spatial patterns and distributions on earth.

17.B.4a.

Explain the dynamic interactions within and among the Earth's physical systems including variation, productivity and constructive and destructive processes.

17.B.4b.

Analyze trends in world demographics as they relate to physical systems.

17.C.4a.

Explain the ability of modern technology to alter geographic features and the impacts of these modifications on human activities.

17.C.4b.

Analyze growth trends in selected urban areas as they relate to geographic factors.

17.C.4c.

Explain how places with various population distributions function as centers of economic activity (e.g., rural, suburban, urban).

17.D.4.

Explain how processes of spatial change have affected human history (e.g., resource development and use, natural disasters).

18.A.4.

Analyze the influence of cultural factors including customs, traditions, language, media, art and architecture in developing pluralistic societies.

18.B.4.

Analyze various forms of institutions (e.g., educational, military, charitable, governmental).

18.C.4a.

Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades).

18.C.4b.

Analyze major contemporary cultural exchanges as influenced by worldwide communications.