Arkansas Social Studies Learning Standards — Grade 5


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C.1.5.1

Examine foundational documents of the United States government (e.g., Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, U.S. Constitution) D2.Civ.3.3-5

C.1.5.2

Examine the three branches of federal and state government including checks and balances and separation of powers D2.Civ.1, 4.3-5

C.1.5.3

Explain origins, functions, and structure of different systems of government, including those created by the Arkansas and U.S Constitutions D2.Civ.5.3-5

C.1.5.4

Examine how social organizations and institutions make rules and create responsibilities (e.g., workplace, families) D2.Civ.4, 11.3-5

C.2.5.1

Evaluate various ways of fostering citizenship and civic virtues D2.Civ.7, 8, 9, 10.3-5

C.2.5.2

Demonstrate proper etiquette for the Arkansas and American Flags

C.2.5.3

Analyze rights, responsibilities, and privileges of citizens and non-citizens in the United States D2.Civ.8.3-5

C.2.5.4

Examine actions of individuals and groups that illustrate civic virtues at the local, state, and national level D2.Civ.6, 8.3-5

C.3.5.1

Compare the process for creating rules and laws at the local, state, and federal levels D2.Civ.3.3-5

C.3.5.2

Evaluate ways rules and laws change society and reasons why people change rules and laws at the local, state, and federal levels D2.Civ.12.3-5

C.3.5.3

Explain the development of policies to address public problems at the local, state, and federal level D.2.Civ.6, 13.3-5

E.4.5.1

Explain ways trade-offs have allowed societies to get the most out of scarce resources D2.Eco.1.3-5

E.4.5.2

Analyze historical developments in pre-colonial America through the Revolutionary period using models of economic decision making (e.g., exploration, colonization, taxation, the American Revolution, the new nation) D2.Eco.1.3-5

E.5.5.1

Examine ways a diverse labor force affected economies in early America D2.Eco.6.3-5

E.5.5.2

Examine ways human, natural, and capital resources were organized to produce and deliver goods and services in precolonial America through the Revolutionary period (e.g., trade companies, joint stock companies, entrepreneurs, merchants) D2.Eco.3.3-5

E.5.5.3

Evaluate the development of a free market system (e.g., mercantilism, property rights, free enterprise) D2.Eco.4.3-5

E.6.5.1

Analyze the forms and purposes of currency in early America through the Revolutionary period D2.Eco.5.3-5

E.6.5.2

Examine roles of early financial institutions on the economy of the United States D2.Eco.9.3-5

E.6.5.3

Explain ways state and federal governments pay for the goods and services they provide D2.Eco.12.3-5

E.6.5.4

Discuss effects of unemployment, inflation, and price stability on the economy of the United States through the Revolutionary period D2.Eco.11.3-5

E.6.5.5

Evaluate effects of war and conflict on communities from the colonial period to the early 1800s using economic factors D2.Eco.11.6-8

E.7.5.1

Explain ways trade leads to increasing economic interdependence among countries (e.g., slave trade, triangular trade, manufactured goods, agriculture) D2.Eco.14.3-5

E.7.5.2

Explain effects of increasing economic interdependence on different groups within participating nations (e.g., conflict, competition, cooperation, increased wealth, quality of life) D2.Eco.15.3-5

G.10.5.1

Examine relationships between human settlements and movements and the location and use of natural resources in the early Americas (e.g., early people groups, Native Americans, Westward expansion) D2.Geo.8.3-5

G.10.5.2

Examine effects of environmental and cultural characteristics on the distribution and movement of people, goods, and ideas using multiple sources of information (e.g., trade routes, water ways, geographic barriers, accessibility) D2.Geo.7. 3-5

G.10.5.3

Examine reasons for population shifts in early America and the effects on various regions D2.Geo.7.3-5

G.11.5.1

Explain how interactions with nearby and distant places have changed the spatial patterns of economic activities over time (e.g., explorers, trade routes, triangular trade) D2.Geo.11.3-5

G.11.5.2

Analyze cooperation within communities during and after natural and human-made disasters (e.g., disease, famine, weather phenomena, war) D2.Geo.12.3-5

G.8.5.1

Describe locations of societies and their cultural and environmental characteristics within the early Americas through the 1820s using geographic representations of different scales D2 Geo1, 2.3-5

G.8.5.2

Explain relationships between physical and human characteristics and changes over time using a variety of geographic representations D2.Geo.2.3-5

G.8.5.3

Synthesize information from a variety of sources to construct maps and other geographic representations D2 Geo3.3-5

G.9.5.1

Analyze effects of human-generated changes on the physical environment in places and regions over time from early America to the 1820s D2.Geo.5.3-5

G.9.5.2

Analyze ways cultural characteristics influenced population distribution in the early Americas through the postRevolutionary period D2.Geo.6.3-5

G.9.5.3

Analyze ways climate and environmental characteristics influenced where groups lived and how they adjusted to the environment D2.Geo.4.3-5

H.12.5.1

Develop claims about pre-Columbian societies in North America by analyzing artifacts, artwork, charts, graphs, digital, and print sources D2.His.1, 4, 9, 10, 16.3-5

H.12.5.10

Evaluate how individuals and groups influenced the American Revolutionary movement (e.g., Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, Patrick Henry, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, King George III, Sons and Daughters of Liberty) D2.His.3, 4, 14, 16.3.5

H.12.5.11

Examine the significance of the drafting and signing of the Declaration of Independence (e.g., key political concepts, Olive Branch Petition, origin of concepts, role and impact of severing ties with Great Britain) D2.His.1.3-5; D2.Civ.4.3-5

H.12.5.12

Analyze the significance of various battles and military leaders during the American Revolution D2.His.1, 3, 14.3-5

H.12.5.13

Analyze the process of creating a single country from a loose association of states (e.g., weakness of the Articles of Confederation, currency, State vs. Federal control, military) D2.Civ.11, 13.3-5; D4.2.3-5

H.12.5.14

Examine short- and long-term effects of the drafting and signing of the U.S. Constitution D2.His.6.3-5

H.12.5.15

Evaluate how early presidents influenced the development of the new nation (e.g., Washingtons Farewell Address, Marbury vs. Madison, Embargo Act, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clark, banking) D2.His.1, 3.3-5; D2.Civ.1, 2.3-5

H.12.5.16

Examine the impact and significance of the War of 1812 (e.g., nationalism, Dolly Madison, the Star Spangled Banner, the U.S. Flag, borders, Battle of New Orleans) D2.His.14.3-5

H.12.5.2

Compare characteristics (e.g., dwellings, culture, beliefs, land use, food, clothing) of major pre-Columbian people groups within North America using a variety of sources (e.g., mound builders, cliff dwellers, Southwest, Great Plains, Pacific Northwest, Woodland peoples) D2.His.13, 14.3-5

H.12.5.3

Examine reasons for European exploration in the Americas from multiple perspectives (e.g., trade, religion, colonies, spheres of influence, wealth) D2.His.4, 10, 14.3-5

H.12.5.4

Evaluate short- and long-term effects of European exploration and settlement in the Americas and Arkansas from multiple perspectives (e.g., Roanoke, Jamestown, disease, conflict) D2.His.5, 14.3-5

H.12.5.5

Compare the social, economic, political, and geographic development of the New England, middle, and southern colonies from multiple perspectives using a variety of sources (e.g., Native Americans, Africans, colonists, indentured servants, colonial leaders, Europeans, farmers, merchants) D2.Civ.2, 4, 8, 12.3-5; D2.Eco.1, 2, 3, 5.3-5; D2.Geo.1, 4, 6, 7, 8.3-5; D2.His.1, 4, 5, 10, 14.3-5

H.12.5.6

Evaluate the economic and cultural effects of indentured servitude and slavery in the New England, middle, and southern colonies from multiple perspectives D2.Eco.1, 2, 3.3-5; D2.His.4.3-5

H.12.5.7

Research the development of the colonies by generating compelling and supporting questions to guide inquiry (e.g., Why did people settle where they did? How did they solve problems? Was life better in the colonies than in England? Was life better in some colonies than others? How were patterns of settlement influenced by beliefs, economics, and geography?) D2.His.3. 3-5; D1.2.3-5

H.12.5.8

Analyze the Revolutionary movement from multiple perspectives using primary and secondary sources (e.g., loyalists, patriots, Native Americans, slaves) D2.Civ.2.3-5; D2.His.1, 3, 4, 14, 16.3-5; D4.7.3-5

H.12.5.9

Analyze causes and ideas leading to the American Revolution (e.g., French and Indian War, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, Boston Tea Party, independence, representation, liberty) D2.His.1, 14, 16.3-5