Arkansas Social Studies Learning Standards — Grade 8

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Analyze multiple factors that affected territorial expansion and influenced the perspectives of people (e.g., Manifest Destiny, mining, War of 1812, Louisiana Purchase)


Analyze the development of regional tensions prior to the Civil War using a variety of primary and secondary sources (e.g., Industrial Revolution, expansion of slavery, immigration, westward movement)


Examine economic, political, and geographic causes and effects of territorial expansion


Analyze purposes, implementation, and effects of public policies (e.g., currency and banking, Indian Removal, disenfranchisement, economic growth, Manifest Destiny)


Evaluate actual and proposed laws as a means of addressing the issue of slavery prior to the Civil War (e.g., Fugitive Slave Act, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850)


Evaluate the historical significance of individuals, groups, and events


Develop historical arguments and explanations of causes of the Civil War using a variety of sources from multiple perspectives (e.g., federal government vs. states rights, sectionalism, cultural differences between the North and South, abolitionism)


Explain ways economic decisions affected individuals, businesses, and society during the course of the Civil War and over time


Analyze social and economic effects of the Civil War on America


Analyze the historical significance of selected Civil War battles, events, and people


Evaluate the legacy of the Civil War on the nation


Evaluate successes and failures of Reconstruction (e.g., Reconstruction Plans, Freedmans Bureau, Civil War Amendments, AfricanAmerican economic positions, sharecropping, crop liens, public education, AfricanAmerican role in government)


Analyze economic, geographic, and technological growth associated with the Second Industrial Revolution and its impact on American society


Examine the effects of immigration after 1870 (e.g., social patterns, national unity, cultural diversity, conflicts)


Analyze the historical significance of individuals, groups, and events


Examine government policies and laws that addressed the escalating labor conflicts and the rise of labor unions using primary and secondary sources


Analyze responses to social, economic, and political issues prior to 1900 (e.g., successes and failures of Populism, economic depressions, civil service reform, Tammany Hall, business regulations)


Evaluate federal Indian policy, westward expansion, and the resulting struggles from a variety of perspectives using multiple sources


Explain the origins and development of American expansionism (e.g., acquisition of new territories, Spanish-American War, expansionist foreign policy, Filipino insurrection)