Indiana Learning Standards - Science — Grade 4

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Describe and investigate the different ways in which heat can be generated.


Investigate the variety of ways in which heat can be generated and moved from one place to another. Explain the direction the heat moved.


Construct a complete circuit through which an electrical current can pass as evidenced by the lighting of a bulb or ringing of a bell.


Experiment with materials to identify conductors and insulators of heat and electricity.


Demonstrate that electrical energy can be transformed into heat, light, and sound.


Demonstrate and describe how smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of larger rocks in a process that occurs over a long period of time.


Describe how wind, water and glacial ice shape and reshape earths land surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas in a process that occurs over a long period of time.


Describe how earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides suddenly change the shape of the land.


Investigate earth materials that serve as natural resources and gather data to determine which ones are limited by supply.


Describe methods that humans currently use to extend the use of natural resources.


Describe ways in which humans have changed the natural environment. Explain if these changes have been detrimental or beneficial.


Observe and describe how offspring are very much, but not exactly, like their parents or one another. Describe how these differences in physical characteristics among individuals in a population may be advantageous for survival and reproduction.


Observe, compare and record the physical characteristics of living plants or animals from widely different environments. Describe how each plant or animal is adapted to its environment.


Design investigations to explore how organisms meet some of their needs by responding to stimuli from their environments.


Describe a way that a given plant or animal might adapt to a change arising from a human or non-human impact on its environment.


Investigate transportation systems and devices that operate on or in land, water, air and space and recognize the forces (lift, drag, friction, thrust and gravity) that affect their motion.


Make appropriate measurements to compare the speeds of objects in terms of the distance traveled in a given amount of time or the time required to travel a given distance.


Investigate how changes in speed or direction are caused by forces: the greater the force exerted on an object, the greater the change.


Define a problem in the context of motion and transportation. Propose a solution to this problem by evaluating, reevaluating and testing the design. Gather evidence about how well the design meets the needs of the problem. Document the design so that it can be easily replicated.