# Indiana Learning Standards - Science — Grade 5

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#### 5.1.1

Describe and measure the volume and weight of a sample of a given material.

#### 5.1.2

Describe the difference between weight and mass. Understand that weight is dependent on gravity and mass is the amount of matter in a given substance or material.

#### 5.1.3

Demonstrate that regardless of how parts of an object are assembled the weight of the whole object is identical to the sum of the weight of the parts; however, the volume can differ from the sum of the volumes.

#### 5.1.4

Determine if matter has been added or lost by comparing weights when melting, freezing or dissolving a sample of a substance.

#### 5.2.1

Recognize that our earth is part of the solar system in which the sun, an average star, is the central and largest body. Observe that our solar system includes the sun, moon, seven other planets and their moons, and many other smaller objects like asteroids and comets.

#### 5.2.2

Observe and use pictures to record how the sun appears to move across the sky in the same general way every day but rises and sets in different places as the seasons change.

#### 5.2.3

In monthly intervals, observe and draw the length and direction of shadows cast by the sun at several chosen times during the day. Use the recorded data as evidence to explain how those shadows were affected by the relative position of the earth and sun.

#### 5.2.4

Use a calendar to record observations of the shape of the moon and the rising and setting times over the course of a month. Based on the observations, describe patterns in the moon cycle.

#### 5.3.1

Observe and classify common Indiana organisms as producers, consumers, decomposers, predator and prey based on their relationships and interactions with other organisms in their ecosystem.

#### 5.3.2

Investigate the action of different decomposers and compare their role in an ecosystem with that of producers and consumers.

#### 5.4.1

Investigate technologies that mimic human or animal musculoskeletal systems in order to meet a need.

#### 5.4.2

Investigate the purpose of prototypes and models when designing a solution to a problem and how limitations in cost and design features might affect their construction.

#### 5.4.3

Design solutions to problems in the context of musculoskeletal body systems. Using suitable tools, techniques and materials, draw or build a prototype or model of a proposed design.