Georgia Science Learning Standards — Grade 3


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S3CS1

Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.

S3CS1a

Keep records of investigations and observations and do not alter the records later.

S3CS1b

Offer reasons for findings and consider reasons suggested by others

S3CS1c

Take responsibility for understanding the importance of being safety conscious

S3CS2

Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.

S3CS2a

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers mentally, on paper, and with a calculator.

S3CS2b

Use commonly encountered fractions halves, thirds, and fourths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) in scientific calculations.

S3CS2c

Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, weight, or time, are reasonable answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values.

S3CS3

Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures.

S3CS3a

Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.

S3CS3b

Use computers, cameras and recording devices for capturing information.

S3CS3c

Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.

S3CS4

Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.

S3CS4a

Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.

S3CS4b

Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world.

S3CS4c

Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.

S3CS5

Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.

S3CS5a

Write instructions that others can follow in carrying out a scientific procedure.

S3CS5b

Make sketches to aid in explaining scientific procedures or ideas.

S3CS5c

Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects and events.

S3CS5d

Locate scientific information in reference books, back issues of newspapers and magazines, CD-ROMs, and computer databases.

S3CS6

Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.

S3CS6a

Support statements with facts found in books, articles, and databases, and identify the sources used.

S3CS7

Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved.

S3CS7a

Similar scientific investigations seldom produce exactly the same results, which may differ due to unexpected differences in whatever is being investigated, unrecognized differences in the methods or circumstances of the investigation, or observational uncertainties.

S3CS7b

Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.

S3CS8

Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:

S3CS8a

Scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments.

S3CS8b

Clear and active communication is an essential part of doing science. It enables scientists to inform others about their work, expose their ideas to criticism by other scientists, and stay informed about scientific discoveries around the world.

S3CS8c

Scientists use technology to increase their power to observe things and to measure and compare things accurately.

S3CS8d

Science involves many different kinds of work and engages men and women of all ages and backgrounds.

S3E1

.Students will investigate the physical attributes of rocks and soils.

S3E1a

Explain the difference between a rock and a mineral.

S3E1b

Recognize the physical attributes of rocks and minerals using observation (shape, color, texture), measurement, and simple tests (hardness).

S3E1c

Use observation to compare the similarities and differences of texture, particle size, and color in top soils (such as clay, loam or potting soil, and sand).

S3E1d

Determine how water and wind can change rocks and soil over time using observation and research..

S3E2

Students will investigate fossils as evidence of organisms that lived long ago.

S3E2a

Investigate fossils by observing authentic fossils or models of fossils or view information resources about fossils as evidence of organisms that lived long ago.

S3E2b

Describe how a fossil is formed.

S3L1

Students will investigate the habitats of different organisms and the dependence of organisms on their habitat.

S3L1a

Differentiate between habitats of Georgia (mountains, marsh/swamp, coast, Piedmont, Atlantic Ocean) and the organisms that live there.

S3L1b

Identify features of green plants that allow them to live and thrive in different regions of Georgia.

S3L1c

Identify features of animals that allow them to live and thrive in different regions of Georgia.

S3L1d

Explain what will happen to an organism if the habitat is changed.

S3L2

Students will recognize the effects of pollution and humans on the environment.

S3L2a

Explain the effects of pollution (such as littering) to the habitats of plants and animals.

S3L2b

Identify ways to protect the environment. Conservation of resources Recycling of materials

S3P1

Students will investigate how heat is produced and the effects of heating and cooling, and will understand a change in temperature indicates a change in heat.

S3P1a

Categorize ways to produce heat energy such as burning, rubbing (friction), and mixing one thing with another.

S3P1b

Investigate how insulation affects heating and cooling.

S3P1c

Investigate the transfer of heat energy from the sun to various materials.

S3P1d

Use thermometers to measure the changes in temperatures of water samples (hot, warm, cold) over time.

S3P2

Students will investigate magnets and how they affect other magnets and common objects.

S3P2a

Investigate to find common objects that are attracted to magnets.

S3P2b

Investigate how magnets attract and repel each other.