Georgia Science Learning Standards — Grade 4


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S4CS1

Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.

S4CS1a

Keep records of investigations and observations and do not alter the records later.

S4CS1b

Carefully distinguish observations from ideas and speculation about those observations.

S4CS1c

Offer reasons for findings and consider reasons suggested by others.

S4CS1d

Take responsibility for understanding the importance of being safety conscious.

S4CS2

Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.

S4CS2a

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers mentally, on paper, and with a calculator.

S4CS2b

Use fractions and decimals, and translate between decimals and commonly encountered fractions halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, tenths, and hundredths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) in scientific calculations.

S4CS2c

Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, area, volume, weight, or time, are reasonable answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values.

S4CS3

Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures.

S4CS3a

Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.

S4CS3b

Measure and mix dry and liquid materials in prescribed amounts, exercising reasonable safety.

S4CS3c

Use computers, cameras and recording devices for capturing information.

S4CS3d

Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment

S4CS4

Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.

S4CS4a

Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.

S4CS4b

Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.

S4CS4c

Identify patterns of change in thingssuch as steady, repetitive, or irregular changeusing records, tables, or graphs of measurements where appropriate.

S4CS5

Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.

S4CS5a

Write instructions that others can follow in carrying out a scientific procedure.

S4CS5b

Make sketches to aid in explaining scientific procedures or ideas.

S4CS5c

Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects and events.

S4CS5d

Locate scientific information in reference books, back issues of newspapers and magazines, CD-ROMs, and computer databases.

S4CS6

Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.

S4CS6a

Support statements with facts found in books, articles, and databases, and identify the sources used.

S4CS6b

Identify when comparisons might not be fair because some conditions are different.

S4CS7

Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved. Students will recognize that:

S4CS7a

Similar scientific investigations seldom produce exactly the same results, which may differ due to unexpected differences in whatever is being investigated, unrecognized differences in the methods or circumstances of the investigation, or observational uncertainties.

S4CS7b

Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.

S4CS8

Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:

S4CS8a

Scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments.

S4CS8b

Clear and active communication is an essential part of doing science. It enables scientists to inform others about their work, expose their ideas to criticism by other scientists, and stay informed about scientific discoveries around the world.

S4CS8c

Scientists use technology to increase their power to observe things and to measure and compare things accurately.

S4CS8d

Science involves many different kinds of work and engages men and women of all ages and backgrounds.

S4E1

Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets.

S4E1a

Recognize the physical attributes of stars in the night sky such as number, size, color and patterns.

S4E1b

Compare the similarities and differences of planets to the stars in appearance, position, and number in the night sky.

S4E1c

Explain why the pattern of stars in a constellation stays the same, but a planet can be seen in different locations at different times.

S4E1d

Identify how technology is used to observe distant objects in the sky.

S4E2

Students will model the position and motion of the earth in the solar system and will explain the role of relative position and motion in determining sequence of the phases of the moon.

S4E2a

Explain the day/night cycle of the earth using a model.

S4E2b

Explain the sequence of the phases of the moon.

S4E2c

Demonstrate the revolution of the earth around the sun and the earths tilt to explain the seasonal changes.

S4E2d

Demonstrate the relative size and order from the sun of the planets in the solar system.

S4E4

Students will analyze weather charts/maps and collect weather data to predict weather events and infer patterns and seasonal changes.

S4E4a

Identify weather instruments and explain how each is used in gathering weather data and making forecasts (thermometer, rain gauge, barometer, wind vane, anemometer).

S4E4b

Using a weather map, identify the fronts, temperature, and precipitation and use the information to interpret the weather conditions.

S4E4c

Use observations and records of weather conditions to predict weather patterns throughout the year.

S4E4d

Differentiate between weather and climate.

S4L1

Describe the roles of organisms and the flow of energy within an ecosystem.

S4L1a

Identify the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a community.

S4L1b

Demonstrate the flow of energy through a food web/food chain beginning with sunlight and including producers, consumers, and decomposers.

S4L1c

Predict how changes in the environment would affect a community (ecosystem) of organisms.

S4L2

Identify factors that affect the survival or extinction of organisms such as adaptation, variation of behaviors (hibernation), and external features (camouflage and protection)

S4L2a

Identify external features of organisms that allow them to survive or reproduce better than organisms that do not have these features (for example: camouflage, use of hibernation, protection, etc.).

S4L2b

Identify factors that may have led to the extinction of some organisms.

S4P1

Investigate the nature of light using tools such as mirrors, lenses, and prisms

S4P1a

Identify materials that are transparent, opaque, and translucent.

S4P1b

Investigate the reflection of light using a mirror and a light source.

S4P1c

Identify the physical attributes of a convex lens, a concave lens, and a prism and where each is used.

S4P2

Demonstrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and how sound can be varied by changing the rate of vibration

S4P2a

Investigate how sound is produced. b. Recognize the conditions that cause pitch to vary.

S4P2b

Recognize the conditions that cause pitch to vary.

S4P3

Demonstrate the relationship between the application of a force and the resulting change in position and motion on an object

S4P3a

Using different size objects, observe how force affects speed and motion.

S4P3b

Using different size objects, observe how force affects speed and motion.

S4P3c

Demonstrate the effect of gravitational force on the motion of an object.