Georgia Science Learning Standards — Grade 5


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S5CS1

Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.

S5CS1a

Keep records of investigations and observations and do not alter the records later.

S5CS1b

Carefully distinguish observations from ideas and speculation about those observations

S5CS1c

Offer reasons for findings and consider reasons suggested by others

S5CS1d

Take responsibility for understanding the importance of being safety conscious

S5CS2

Computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations

S5CS2a

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers mentally, on paper, and with a calculator

S5CS2b

Use fractions and decimals, and translate between decimals and commonly encountered fractions halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, tenths, and hundredths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) in scientific calculations

S5CS2c

Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, area, volume, weight, or time, are reasonable answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values

S5CS3

Use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities.

S5CS3a

Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.

S5CS3b

Measure and mix dry and liquid materials in prescribed amounts, exercising reasonable safety.

S5CS3c

Use computers, cameras and recording devices for capturing information

S5CS3d

Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment

S5CS4

Use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters

S5CS4a

Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.

S5CS4b

Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.

S5CS4c

Identify patterns of change in thingssuch as steady, repetitive, or irregular changeusing records, tables, or graphs of measurements where appropriate.

S5CS4d

Identify the biggest and the smallest possible values of something.

S5CS5

Communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly

S5CS5a

Write instructions that others can follow in carrying out a scientific procedure.

S5CS5b

Make sketches to aid in explaining scientific procedures or ideas.

S5CS5c

Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects and events.

S5CS5d

Locate scientific information in reference books, back issues of newspapers and magazines, CD-ROMs, and computer databases.

S5CS6

Question scientific claims and arguments effectively

S5CS6a

Support statements with facts found in books, articles, and databases, and identify the sources used.

S5CS6b

Identify when comparisons might not be fair because some conditions are different.

S5CS7

Familiarize with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved

S5CS8

Understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry

S5CS8a

Scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments.

S5CS8b

Clear and active communication is an essential part of doing science. It enables scientists to inform others about their work, expose their ideas to criticism by other scientists, and stay informed about scientific discoveries around the world.

S5CS8c

Scientists use technology to increase their power to observe things and to measure and compare things accurately.

S5CS8d

Science involves many different kinds of work and engages men and women of all ages and backgrounds.

S5E1

Identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes

S5E1a

Identify surface features caused by constructive processes.

S5E1b

Identify and find examples of surface features caused by destructive processes.

S5E1c

Relate the role of technology and human intervention in the control of constructive and destructive processes.

S5L1

Classify organisms into groups and relate how they determined the groups with how and why scientists use classification

S5L1a

Demonstrate how animals are sorted into groups (vertebrate and invertebrate) and how vertebrates are sorted into groups (fish, amphibian, reptile, bird, and mammal)

S5L1b

Demonstrate how plants are sorted into groups.

S5L2

Recognize that offspring can resemble parents in inherited traits and learned behaviors

S5L2a

Compare and contrast the characteristics of learned behaviors and of inherited traits.

S5L2b

Discuss what a gene is and the role genes play in the transfer of traits.

S5L3

Diagram and label parts of various cells (plant, animal, single-celled, multi-celled)

S5L3a

Use magnifiers such as microscopes or hand lenses to observe cells and their structure.

S5L3b

Identify parts of a plant cell (membrane, wall, cytoplasm, nucleus, chloroplasts) and of an animal cell (membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus) and determine the function of the parts.

S5L3c

Explain how cells in multi-celled organisms are similar and different in structure and function to single-celled organisms.

S5L4

Relate how microorganisms benefit or harm larger organisms

S5L4a

Identify beneficial microorganisms and explain why they are beneficial.

S5L4b

Identify harmful microorganisms and explain why they are harmful.

S5P1

Verify that an object is the sum of its parts

S5P1a

Demonstrate that the mass of an object is equal to the sum of its parts by manipulating and measuring different objects made of various parts.

S5P1b

. Investigate how common items have parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

S5P2

Explain the difference between a physical change and a chemical change

S5P2a

Investigate physical changes by separating mixtures and manipulating (cutting, tearing, folding) paper to demonstrate examples of physical change.

S5P2b

Recognize that the changes in state of water (water vapor/steam, liquid, ice) are due to temperature differences and are examples of physical change.

S5P2c

Investigate the properties of a substance before, during, and after a chemical reaction to find evidence of change.

S5P3

Investigate the electricity, magnetism, and their relationship

S5P3a

Investigate static electricity.

S5P3b

Determine the necessary components for completing an electric circuit.

S5P3c

Investigate common materials to determine if they are insulators or conductors of electricity.

S5P3d

Compare a bar magnet to an electromagnet.