Georgia Science Learning Standards — Grade 6


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S6CS1

Explore the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works

S6CS10

Enhance reading in all curriculum areas

S6CS10a

Reading in All Curriculum Areas

S6CS10b

Relate messages and themes from one subject area to messages and themes in another area

S6CS10c

Demonstrate an understanding of contextual vocabulary in various subjects.

S6CS1a

Understand the importance ofand keephonest, clear, and accurate records in science

S6CS1b

Understand that hypotheses are valuable if they lead to fruitful investigations, even if the hypotheses turn out not to be completely accurate descriptions

S6CS2

Use standard safety practices for all classroom laboratory and field investigations

S6CS2a

Follow correct procedures for use of scientific apparatus

S6CS2b

Demonstrate appropriate techniques in all laboratory situations

S6CS2c

Follow correct protocol for identifying and reporting safety problems and violations

S6CS3

Use computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations

S6CS3a

Analyze scientific data by using, interpreting, and comparing numbers in several equivalent forms, such as integers and decimals

S6CS3b

Use metric input units (such as seconds, meters, or grams per milliliter) of scientific calculations to determine the proper unit for expressing the answer

S6CS3c

Address the relationship between accuracy and precision and the importance of each

S6CS3d

Draw conclusions based on analyzed data

S6CS4

Use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating equipment and materials in scientific activities

S6CS4a

Use appropriate technology to store and retrieve scientific information in topical, alphabetical, numerical, and keyword files, and create simple files

S6CS4b

Estimate the effect of making a change in one part of a system on the system as a whole

S6CS4c

Read analog and digital meters on instruments used to make direct measurements of length, volume, weight, elapsed time, rates, and temperature, and choose appropriate units for reporting various quantities

S6CS5

Use the ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters

S6CS5a

Observe and explain how parts are related to other parts in systems such as weather systems, solar systems, and ocean systems including how the output from one part of a system (in the form of material, energy, or information) can become the input to other parts. (For example: El Ninos effect on weather)

S6CS5b

Identify several different models (such as physical replicas, pictures, and analogies) that could be used to represent the same thing, and evaluate their usefulness, taking into account such things as the models purpose and complexity

S6CS6

Communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly

S6CS6a

Write clear, step-by-step instructions for conducting scientific investigations, operating a piece of equipment, or following a procedure

S6CS6b

Understand and describe how writing for scientific purposes is different than writing for literary purposes

S6CS6c

Organize scientific information using appropriate tables, charts, and graphs, and identify relationships they reveal

S6CS7

Question scientific claims and arguments effectively

S6CS7a

Question claims based on vague attributions (such as Leading doctors say...) or on statements made by people outside the area of their particular expertise

S6CS7b

Recognize that there may be more than one way to interpret a given set of findings

S6CS8

Students will investigate the characteristics of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved

S6CS8a

When similar investigations give different results, the scientific challenge is to judge whether the differences are trivial or significant, which often requires further study. Even with similar results, scientists may wait until an investigation has been repeated many times before accepting the results as meaningful

S6CS8b

When new experimental results are inconsistent with an existing, well-established theory, scientists may require further experimentation to decide whether the results are flawed or the theory requires modification

S6CS8c

As prevailing theories are challenged by new information, scientific knowledge may change and grow

S6CS9

Investigate the features of the process of scientific inquiry

S6CS9a

Scientific investigations are conducted for different reasons. They usually involve collecting evidence, reasoning, devising hypotheses, and formulating explanations

S6CS9b

Scientists often collaborate to design research. To prevent bias, scientists conduct independent studies of the same questions

S6CS9c

Accurate record keeping, data sharing, and replication of results are essential for maintaining an investigators credibility with other scientists and society

S6CS9d

Scientists use technology and mathematics to enhance the process of scientific inquiry

S6CS9e

The ethics of science require that special care must be taken and used for human subjects and animals in scientific research. Scientists must adhere to the appropriate rules and guidelines when conducting research

S6E1

Explore current scientific views of the universe and how those views evolved

S6E1a

Relate the Nature of Science to the progression of basic historical scientific models (geocentric, heliocentric) as they describe our solar system, and the Big Bang as it describes the formation of the universe

S6E1b

Describe the position of the solar system in the Milky Way galaxy and the universe.

S6E1c

Compare and contrast the planets in terms of size relative to the earth surface and atmospheric features, relative distance from the sun and ability to support life.

S6E1d

Explain the motion of objects in the day/night sky in terms of relative position.

S6E1e

Explain that gravity is the force that governs the motion in the solar system.

S6E1f

Describe the characteristics of comets, asteroids, and meteors.

S6E2

Students will understand the effects of the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun.

S6E2a

Demonstrate the phases of the moon by showing the alignment of the earth, moon, and sun.

S6E2b

Explain the alignment of the earth, moon, and sun during solar and lunar eclipses.

S6E2c

Relate the tilt of the earth to the distribution of sunlight throughout the year and its effect on climate.

S6E3

Students will recognize the significant role of water in earth processes

S6E3a

Explain that a large portion of the Earths surface is water, consisting of oceans, rivers, lakes, underground water, and ice.

S6E3b

Relate various atmospheric conditions to stages of the water cycle.

S6E3c

Describe the composition, location, and subsurface topography of the worlds oceans.

S6E3d

Explain the causes of waves, currents, and tides.

S6E4

Students will understand how the distribution of land and oceans affects climate and weather.

S6E4a

Demonstrate that land and water absorb and lose heat at different rates and explain the resulting effects on weather patterns.

S6E4b

Relate unequal heating of land and water surfaces to form large global wind systems and weather events such as tornados and thunderstorms

S6E4c

Relate how moisture evaporating from the oceans affects the weather patterns and weather events such as hurricanes.

S6E5

Investigate the scientific view of how the earths surface is formed.

S6E5a

Compare and contrast the Earths crust, mantle, and core including temperature, density, and composition

S6E5b

Investigate the contribution of minerals to rock composition.

S6E5c

Classify rocks by their process of formation

S6E5d

Describe processes that change rocks and the surface of the earth.

S6E5e

Recognize that lithospheric plates constantly move and cause major geological events on the earths surface.

S6E5f

Explain the effects of physical processes (plate tectonics, erosion, deposition, volcanic eruption, gravity) on geological features including oceans (composition, currents, and tides).

S6E5g

Describe how fossils show evidence of the changing surface and climate of the Earth.

S6E5h

Describe soil as consisting of weathered rocks and decomposed organic material.

S6E5i

Explain the effects of human activity on the erosion of the earths surface.

S6E5j

Describe methods for conserving natural resources such as water, soil, and air.

S6E6

Describe various sources of energy and with their uses and conservation.

S6E6a

Explain the role of the sun as the major source of energy and its relationship to wind and water energy.

S6E6b

Identify renewable and nonrenewable resources.