Arkansas Science Learning Standards — Grade 5


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ESS.10.5.1

Compare the physical characteristics of the sun to other stars: size color brightness

ESS.10.5.2

Compare the properties of planets in our solar system: size shape density atmosphere distance from the sun orbital path moons surface composition

ESS.10.5.3

Distinguish between mass and weight

ESS.10.5.4

Compare the human bodys mass to weight on Earth, the moon, and other planets in our solar system

ESS.10.5.5

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to planets

ESS.8.5.1

Identify some basic elements composing minerals: silicon oxygen iron sodium chlorine calcium carbon hydrogen aluminum

ESS.8.5.10

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to minerals and rocks

ESS.8.5.11

Investigate the formation of soil

ESS.8.5.12

Conduct investigations on sedimentation

ESS.8.5.13

Describe and illustrate the rock cycle

ESS.8.5.2

Investigate the growth of crystals

ESS.8.5.3

Identify characteristics of minerals

ESS.8.5.4

Conduct investigations on mineral properties: luster hardness streak acid test for calcite fluorescence

ESS.8.5.5

Identify the following minerals: halite (salt) feldspar sulfur quartz diamonds gypsum calcite talc hematite (iron) precious metals (gold, silver)

ESS.8.5.6

Identify minerals found in Arkansas: bauxite diamonds quartz galena

ESS.8.5.7

Identify characteristics of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks

ESS.8.5.8

Compare and contrast by investigation characteristics of the three basic types of rocks: sedimentary igneous metamorphic

ESS.8.5.9

Classify the three basic types of rocks

ESS.9.5.1

Explain and give examples of how physical evidence from fossils supports the theory that Earth has changed over time

ESS.9.5.2

Analyze fossil record evidence about plants and animals that lived long ago

ESS.9.5.3

Infer the nature of ancient environments based on fossil record evidence

LS.2.5.1

Compare the cell theory to the characteristics of a scientific theory

LS.2.5.10

Conduct investigations demonstrating the process of cellular respiration

LS.2.5.11

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to cells

LS.2.5.2

Examine cells on a microscopic level

LS.2.5.3

Describe the similarities of basic cell functions in all organisms

LS.2.5.4

Model and identify the parts of animal cells and plant cells: cell wall cell membrane nucleus cytoplasm chloroplast

LS.2.5.5

Compare and contrast plant and animal cells

LS.2.5.6

Conduct investigations to separate plant pigments from the cell

LS.2.5.7

Identify the role of chlorophyll in the process of photosynthesis

LS.2.5.8

Explain and illustrate photosynthesis

LS.2.5.9

Explain cellular respiration

LS.4.5.1

Distinguish among and model organisms populations communities ecosystems biosphere

LS.4.5.10

Analyze the concept of conservation of mass as related to the amount of matter in an ecosystem

LS.4.5.11

Create ecosystems in which plants can exist without animals

LS.4.5.12

Conduct investigations in which plants are encouraged to thrive

LS.4.5.13

Construct, compare, and contrast environments in open and closed aquaria

LS.4.5.14

Categorize organisms by the function they serve in ecosystems and food webs: predator/prey parasitism producer/consumer/ decomposer scavenger herbivore/carnivore/ omnivore

LS.4.5.15

Conduct field studies identifying and categorizing organisms in a given area of an ecosystem

LS.4.5.16

Evaluate positive and negative human effects on ecosystems

LS.4.5.17

Describe and illustrate various symbiotic relationships: parasitism mutualism commensalism

LS.4.5.18

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to populations and ecosystems

LS.4.5.2

Identify the transfer of energy using energy pyramids: terrestrial aquatic

LS.4.5.3

Design food webs in specific habitats to show the flow of energy within communities: terrestrial aquatic

LS.4.5.4

Evaluate food webs under conditions of stress: overgrazing overpopulation natural disaster introduction of nonnative species human impact/urban development

LS.4.5.5

Examine the role of limiting factors on the carrying capacity of an ecosystem: food space water shelter

LS.4.5.6

Describe and diagram the nitrogen cycle in ecosystems

LS.4.5.7

Describe and diagram the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

LS.4.5.8

Describe and diagram the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

LS.4.5.9

Conduct investigations demonstrating the role of the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

NS.1.5.1

Make accurate observations

NS.1.5.2

Identify and define components of experimental design used to produce empirical evidence: hypothesis replication sample size appropriate use of control use of standardized variables

NS.1.5.3

Calculate mean, median, mode, and range from scientific data using SI units

NS.1.5.4

Interpret scientific data using data tables/charts bar graphs circle graphs line graphs stem and leaf plots Venn diagrams

NS.1.5.5

Communicate results and conclusions from scientific inquiry

NS.1.5.6

Develop and implement strategies for long-term, accurate data collection

NS.1.5.7

Summarize the characteristics of science

NS.1.5.8

Explain the role of observation in the development of a theory

NS.1.5.9

Define and give examples of hypotheses

PS.5.5.1

Identify the relationship of atoms to all matter

PS.5.5.10

Investigate scientists, careers, and historical breakthroughs related to physical properties, physical changes, and states of matter

PS.5.5.2

Conduct scientific investigations on physical properties of objects

PS.5.5.3

Identify common examples of physical properties: length mass area perimeter texture taste odor color elasticity

PS.5.5.4

State characteristics of physical changes

PS.5.5.5

Identify characteristics and common examples of physical changes

PS.5.5.6

Explain how heat influences the states of matter of a substance: solid liquid gas plasma

PS.5.5.7

Demonstrate the effect of changes in the physical properties of matter

PS.5.5.8

Model the motion and position of molecules in solids, liquids, and gases in terms of kinetic energy

PS.5.5.9

Conduct investigations demonstrating expansion and contraction

PS.6.5.1

Classify simple machines

PS.6.5.2

Conduct investigations using levers (e.g., toothbrush) pulleys inclined planes-ramps, wedges, and screws wheels and axles

PS.6.5.3

Relate simple machines to inventions and discoveries

PS.6.5.4

Compare and contrast potential energy and kinetic energy as applied to motion

PS.6.5.5

Classify real world examples as potential energy or kinetic energy as applied to motion

PS.6.5.6

Conduct investigations using potential energy and kinetic energy

PS.6.5.7

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to simple machines and potential and kinetic energy

PS.7.5.1

Summarize how light can interact with matter through absorption, refraction, and reflection

PS.7.5.2

Investigate how light travels and interacts with an object or material

PS.7.5.3

Conduct investigations demonstrating how an object can be seen

PS.7.5.4

Design and conduct investigations of transparent, translucent, and opaque as applied to light

PS.7.5.5

Investigate physical interactions of light and matter and the effect on color perception: refraction absorption transmission scattering

PS.7.5.6

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to light energy