Arkansas Science Learning Standards — Grade 6


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ESS.10.6.1

Explain how planets seem to wander against the background of the stars

ESS.10.6.2

Compare the distance of the following: from the sun to Earth (light minutes) from the next nearest star to Earth (light years)

ESS.10.6.3

Describe how astronomers measure distance to stars

ESS.10.6.4

Calculate the rate at which we would have to travel to other stars and planets in our solar system using current technology

ESS.10.6.5

Explain the effect of the sun on comets

ESS.10.6.6

Compare and contrast comets, meteors, and asteroids by size orbits nucleus mass

ESS.10.6.7

Model moon phases demonstrating the position of Earth, moon, and sun

ESS.10.6.8

Compare and contrast solar eclipse and lunar eclipse

ESS.10.6.9

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to the sun and space travel

ESS.8.6.1

Identify and diagram the layers of the Earth: crust mantle inner and outer core

ESS.8.6.10

Identify the effects of earthquakes on Earths surface: tsunamis floods changes in natural and man-made structures

ESS.8.6.11

Investigate and map patterns of earthquake and volcanic activity

ESS.8.6.12

Locate earthquake belts on Earth: Mediterranean-TransAsiatic Circum-Pacific (Ring of Fire)

ESS.8.6.13

Analyze how earthquake occurrences are recorded (seismograph) and measured (Richter scale)

ESS.8.6.14

Model the effect of major geological events on land and ocean features: mountain building ocean trenches island formation mid-ocean ridges

ESS.8.6.15

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to internal forces that change the Earth

ESS.8.6.2

Model the layers of the Earth

ESS.8.6.3

Model how convection currents in the mantle affect lithosphere movement

ESS.8.6.4

Conduct investigations to identify the variables within volcanoes that cause different types of eruptions

ESS.8.6.5

Diagram and explain how volcanoes work

ESS.8.6.6

Explain how volcanic activity relates to mountain formation

ESS.8.6.7

Connect short-term changes in climate with volcanic activity

ESS.8.6.8

Compare and contrast the different land forms caused by Earths internal forces: mountains plateaus trenches islands

ESS.8.6.9

Research local, regional, and state landforms created by internal forces in the earth: Ozark Plateau Crater of Diamonds Ouachita Mountains New Madrid Fault

ESS.9.6.1

Research methods of determining geologic time: fossil records mountain building rock sequencing

ESS.9.6.2

Model rock layer sequencing based on characteristics of fossils

ESS.9.6.3

Analyze evidence that supports the theory of plate tectonics: matching coastlines similar rock types fossil record

LS.2.6.1

Observe, describe, and illustrate plant and animal tissues: muscle blood skin xylem phloem

LS.2.6.2

Illustrate the hierarchical relationships of cells, tissues, and organs

LS.2.6.3

Investigate the functions of tissues

LS.2.6.4

Model and explain the functions of animal organs: heart lung kidneys eyes ears skin teeth

LS.2.6.5

Model and explain the function of plant organs: leaves roots stems flowers

LS.2.6.6

Dissect organs, including but not limited to heart eye lung stem root

LS.2.6.7

Describe the relationship between organ function and the following needs of cells: oxygen food water waste removal

LS.2.6.8

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to tissues and organs

LS.3.6.1

Describe characteristics of plants and animals manipulated through selective breeding

LS.3.6.2

Predict the outcome of selective breeding practices over several generations

LS.3.6.3

Relate the development of Earths present-day complex species from earlier, distinctly different simpler species

LS.3.6.4

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to adaptations and selective breeding

LS.3.6.5

Describe behavioral adaptations of organisms to the environment: hibernation estivation tropism territorial behavior migration

LS.3.6.6

Differentiate between innate behaviors: migration web spinning defensive posture communication imprinting and learned behaviors: speaking a language using tools hunting skills

LS.3.6.7

Describe the following structural adaptations for survival in the environment: coloration mimicry odor glands beaks feet wings fur ears spines teeth thorns characteristics of seeds

LS.3.6.8

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to learned and innate behaviors

LS.4.6.1

Identify environmental conditions that can affect the survival of individual organisms and entire species

LS.4.6.2

Conduct simulations demonstrating competition for resources within an ecosystem

LS.4.6.3

Conduct simulations demonstrating natural selection

LS.4.6.4

Analyze natural selection

NS.1.6.1

Verify accuracy of observations

NS.1.6.2

Apply components of experimental design used to produce empirical evidence: hypothesis replication sample size appropriate use of control use of standardized variables

NS.1.6.3

Compare scientific data using mean, median, mode, and range using SI units

NS.1.6.4

Construct and interpret scientific data using data tables/charts bar and double bar graphs line graphs stem and leaf plots line graphs

NS.1.6.5

Communicate results and conclusions from scientific inquiry

NS.1.6.6

Develop and implement strategies for long-term, accurate data collection

NS.1.6.7

Distinguish between scientific fact and opinion

NS.1.6.8

Explain the role of prediction in the development of a theory

NS.1.6.9

Define and give examples of laws and theories

PS.5.6.1

Identify common examples of chemical properties: ability to burn ability to produce light ability to react with other substances

PS.5.6.10

Investigate scientists, careers, and historical breakthroughs related to chemical properties and chemical changes

PS.5.6.2

Compare and contrast characteristics of physical and chemical properties

PS.5.6.3

Conduct investigations using acid/base indicators

PS.5.6.4

Apply skills of scientific investigation to determine density using SI units

PS.5.6.5

Construct a density column using a minimum of four different liquids (e.g., alcohol, colored water, syrup, oil)

PS.5.6.6

Use a density column to test the density of various solid objects (e.g., piece of candy, cork, candle, paper clip, egg)

PS.5.6.7

Identify characteristics of chemical changes: burning production of a new substance production of light color change endothermic and exothermic reactions reactivity

PS.5.6.8

Conduct investigations comparing and contrasting physical and chemical changes

PS.5.6.9

Demonstrate the law of the conservation of matter

PS.6.6.1

Compare and contrast simple machines and compound machines

PS.6.6.10

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to compound machines and forces

PS.6.6.2

Identify and analyze the simple machines that make up a compound machine

PS.6.6.3

Conduct investigations of various forces using SI units (newton)

PS.6.6.4

Recognize and give examples of different types of forces: gravitational forces magnetic forces friction

PS.6.6.5

Understand why objects have weight

PS.6.6.6

Compare and contrast weight and mass

PS.6.6.7

Describe the effects of force: move a stationary object speed up, slow down or change the direction of motion change the shape of objects

PS.6.6.8

Conduct investigations to demonstrate change in direction caused by force

PS.6.6.9

Conduct investigations to calculate the change in speed caused by applying forces to an object

PS.7.6.1

Classify examples of energy forms: chemical electromagnetic mechanical thermal nuclear

PS.7.6.2

Summarize the application of the law of conservation of energy in real world situations: electrical energy into mechanical energy electrical energy into heat chemical energy into mechanical energy chemical energy into light

PS.7.6.3

Conduct investigations demonstrating how energy can be converted from one form to another

PS.7.6.4

Investigate the transfer of energy in real world situations: conduction convection radiation

PS.7.6.5

Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to energy forms and conversions