Indiana Learning Standards - Social Studies — Grade 3

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Identify and describe Native American Woodland Indians who lived in the region when European settlers arrived.


Explain why and how the local community was established and identify its founders and early settlers.


Describe the role of the local community and other communities in the development of the states regions


Give examples of people, events and developments that brought important changes to your community and the region where your community is located.


Create simple timelines that identify important events in various regions of the state.


Use a variety of resources to gather information about your regions communities; identify factors that make the region unique, including cultural diversity, industry, the arts and architecture.


Distinguish between fact and fiction in historical accounts by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictional characters and events in stories.


Describe how your community has changed over time and how it has stayed the same.


Define immigration and explain how immigration enriches community.


Discuss the reasons governments are needed and identify specific goods and services that governments provide.


Identify and know the significance of fundamental democratic principles and ideals.


Identify and explain the duties of and selection process for local and state government officials who make, implement and enforce laws.


Explain that the United States has three levels of government (local, state and national) and that each level has special duties and responsibilities.


Explain the importance of being a responsible citizen* of your community, the state and the nation. Identify people in your community and the state who exhibit the characteristics of good citizenship*.


Explain the role citizens have in making decisions and rules within the community, state and nation such as participating in local and regional activities, voting in elections, running for office, and voicing opinions in a positive way


Use information from a variety of resources to demonstrate an understanding of local, state and regional leaders and civic issues.


Use labels and symbols to locate and identify physical and political features on maps and/or globes.


Construct maps and graphs that show aspects of human/environmental interaction in the local community, Indiana and communities within the region


Describe how Native Americans and early settlers of Indiana adapted to and modified their environment to survive.


Use a variety of resources to demonstrate an understanding of regional environmental issues and examine the ways that people have tried to solve these problems.


Identify and describe how human systems and physical systems have impacted the local environment.


Label a map of the Midwest, identifying states, major rivers, lakes and the Great Lakes.


Locate Indiana and other Midwestern states on maps using simple grid systems.


Identify the northern, southern, eastern and western hemispheres; cardinal and intermediate directions; and determine the direction and distance from one place to another


Explain that regions are areas that have similar physical and cultural characteristics*. Identify Indiana and the local community as part of a specific region


Compare and contrast the physical characteristics of Indiana to neighboring states using words, illustrations, maps, photographs, and other resources.


Compare the cultural characteristics of their community within communities in other parts of the world.


Identify the major climate regions of the United States and explain their characteristics


Describe how climate and the physical characteristics of a region affect the vegetation and animal life living there


Give examples from the local community that illustrate the scarcity of productive resources. Explain how this scarcity requires people to make choices and incur opportunity costs*. ? Scarcity: the idea that resources are limited in relation to peoples wants ? Productive Resources: human resources, natural resources, and capital resources used to produce goods and services ? Opportunity cost: term used in economics, to mean the value of the best alternative that would have been chosen instead. For example, if a city decides to build a hospital on some vacant land, the opportunity cost is the other things that might have been done with that same land instead.


Give examples of goods and services provided by local business and industry.


Give examples of trade in the local community and explain how trade benefits both parties


Define interdependence and give examples of how people in the local community depend on each other for goods and services. ? Interdependence: reliance on each other to produce goods and services


List the characteristics of money and explain how money makes trade and the purchase of goods easier. ? Characteristics of money: scarce (not easily found), durable, easy to carry and easy to divide


Explain that buyers and sellers interact to determine the prices of goods and services in markets.


Illustrate how people compare benefits and costs when making choices and decisions as consumers and producers


Gather data from a variety of resources about changes that have had an economic impact on your community.


Identify different ways people save their income and explain advantages and disadvantages of each.