Indiana Learning Standards - Social Studies — Grade 4

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Identify and compare the major early cultures that existed in the region that became Indiana prior to contact with Europeans.


Describe the participation of Indiana citizens in World War I and World War II


Identify and describe important events and movements that changed life in Indiana in the early twentieth century


Describe the transformation of Indiana through immigration and through developments in agriculture, industry and transportation.


Identify and describe important events and movements that changed life in Indiana from the mid- twentieth century to the present


Research Indianas modern growth emphasizing manufacturing, new technologies, transportation and global connections


Create and interpret timelines that show relationships among people, events, and movements in the history of Indiana.


Identify different opinions in historical documents and other information resources and identify the central question each narrative addresses.


Construct a brief narrative about an event in Indiana history using primary and secondary sources


Research and describe the contributions of important Indiana artists and writers to the states cultural landscape.


Identify and describe historic Native American Indian groups that lived in Indiana at the time of early European exploration, including ways these groups adapted to and interacted with the physical environment.


Explain the importance of the Revolutionary War and other key events and people that influenced the development of Indiana as a state.


Summarize and explain the significance of key documents in Indianas development from a United States territory to statehood.


Identify and explain the causes of the removal of Native American Indian groups in the state and their resettlement during the 1830s


Explain how key individuals and events influenced the early growth and development of Indiana.


Explain the roles of various individuals, groups, and movements in the social conflicts leading to the Civil War.


Summarize the impact of Abraham Lincolns presidency on Indiana and describe the participation of Indiana citizens in the Civil War.


Give examples of Indianas increasing agricultural, industrial, political and business development in the nineteenth century


Explain the major purposes of Indianas Constitution as stated in the Preamble.


Describe individual rights, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to public education, which people have under Article I of Indianas Constitution.


Identify and explain the major responsibilities of the legislative (Article 4), executive (Article 5), and judicial branches (Article 7) of state government as written in the Indiana Constitution.


Identify major state offices, the duties and powers associated with them, and how they are chosen, such as by election or appointment.


Give examples of how citizens can participate in their state government and explain the right and responsibility of voting.


Define and provide examples of civic virtues* in a democracy


Use a variety of resources to take a position or recommend a course of action on a public issue relating to Indianas past or present.


Use latitude and longitude to identify physical and human features of Indiana.


Identify immigration patterns and describe the impact diverse ethnic and cultural groups has had and has on Indiana.


Examine Indianas international relationships with states and regions in other parts of the world.


Create maps of Indiana at different times in history showing regions and major physical and cultural features; give examples of how people in Indiana have modified their environment over time.


Read and interpret texts (written, graphs, maps, timelines, etc.) to answer geographic questions about Indiana in the past and present.


Estimate distances between two places on a map when referring to relative locations


Locate Indiana on a map as one of the 50 United States. Identify and describe the location of the state capital, major cities and rivers in Indiana.


Map and describe the physical regions of Indiana and identify major natural resources and crop regions.


Explain how glaciers shaped Indianas landscape and environment


Describe Indianas landforms (lithosphere*), water features (hydrosphere*), and plants and animals (biosphere*). * lithosphere: the soil and rock that form Earths surface * hydrosphere: all the water on Earths surface, including the hydrologic cycle (precipitation, evaporation, and condensation * biosphere: all plants and animals


Explain the effect of the Earth/sun relationship on the climate of Indiana.


Identify the challenges in the physical landscape of Indiana to early settlers and modern day economic development.


Explain the importance of major transportation routes, including rivers, in the exploration, settlement and growth of Indiana and in the states location as a crossroad of America.


Give examples of the kinds of goods* and services* produced in Indiana in different historical periods. * goods: tangible objects, such as food or toys, that can satisfy peoples wants and needs * services: actions that someone does for someone else, such as dental care or trash removal


Explain how people save, develop a savings plan, and create a budget in order to make a future purchase


Define productivity* and provide examples of how productivity has changed in Indiana during the past 100 years. * productivity: the amount of goods and services produced in a period of time divided by the productive resources used


Explain how both parties can benefit from trade* and give examples of how people in Indiana engaged in trade in different time periods. * trade: the voluntary exchange of goods or services


Explain that prices change as a result of changes in supply* and demand* for specific products. * supply: what producers are willing and able to sell at various prices * demand: what consumers are willing and able to buy at various prices


Describe Indianas emerging global connections.


List the functions of money* and compare and contrast things that have been used as money in the past in Indiana, the United States and the world. * functions of money: helps people trade, measures the value of items, facilitates saving


Identify entrepreneurs* who have influenced Indiana and the local community. * entrepreneur: a person who takes a risk to start a business


Define profit* and describe how profit is an incentive for entrepreneurs. * profit: revenues from selling a good or service minus the costs of producing the good or service


Identify important goods and services provided by state and local governments by giving examples of how state and local tax revenues are used.