Indiana Learning Standards - Social Studies — Grade 5

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Identify and describe early cultures and settlements that existed in North America prior to contact with Europeans.


Analyze the causes of the American Revolution as outlined in the Declaration of Independence.


Identify major British and American leaders of the American Revolutionary War and describe their significance in key events of the war.


Describe the contributions of France and other nations and of individuals to the outcome of the American Revolution


Identify contributions of women and minorities during the American Revolution.


Explain consequences of the American Revolution including the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, changes in trade relationships and the achievement of independence by the United States.


Explain why the United States Constitution was created in 1787 and how it established a stronger union among the original 13 states by making it the supreme law of the land. Identify people who were involved in its development.


Describe the origins and drafting of the Bill of Rights, ratified in 1791.


Explain why the first American political parties developed and analyze the impact political parties had on early presidential elections


Create and interpret timelines showing major people, events and developments in the early history of the United States from 1776-1801.


Read fiction and nonfiction stories about conflicts among and between groups of people at different stages in the formation of the United States; give examples of how these conflicts were resolved and analyze the accuracy of the stories historical details and sequence of events


Examine accounts of early European explorations of North America including major land and water routes, reasons for exploration and the impact the exploration had.


Using primary* and secondary sources* to examine an historical account about an issue of the time, reconstruct the literal meaning of the passages by identifying who was involved, what happened, where it happened, what events led to these developments and what consequences or outcomes followed.


Read and interpret primary and secondary source accounts that pertain to a problem confronting people during the Founding Era of the United States.


Identify and describe the contributions of important early American artists and writers and traditional arts and crafts to the new nations cultural landscape.


Compare and contrast historic Indian groups of the West, Southwest, Northwest, Arctic and sub-Arctic, Great Plains, and Eastern Woodlands regions at the beginning of European exploration in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.


Locate and compare the origins, physical structure and social structure of early Spanish, French and British settlements.


Compare and contrast the religious, political and economic reasons for the colonization of the Americas by Europe.


Identify and explain instances of both cooperation and conflict that existed between Native American Indians and colonists


Identify and locate the 13 British colonies by region (New England, Middle, Southern) and describe the political, social, and economic organization and structure of each region.


Identify the early founders of colonial settlements and describe early colonial resistance to British rule.


Understand how political, religious, and economic ideas brought about the American Revolution


Summarize the principles and purposes of government as stated in the Preamble to the United States Constitution.


Use a variety of information resources* to identify and evaluate contemporary issues that involve civic responsibility, individual rights and the common good.


Identify and explain ideas about limited government*, the rule of law and individual rights in key colonial era documents.


Give examples and explain how the British colonies in America developed forms of representative government, self-government and democratic practices.


Identify and explain key ideas about government as noted in the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Northwest Ordinance, United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights


Describe and give examples of individual rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.


Describe the primary and general election process for local, state and national offices, including those used to select congressional and presidential office holders.


Identify the three branches of the United States government and explain the functions of each.


Describe group and individual actions that illustrate civic virtues, such as civility, cooperation, respect and responsible participation.


Examine ways by which citizens may effectively voice opinions, monitor government, and bring about change in government including voting and participation in the election process.


Demonstrate that lines of latitude and longitude are measured in degrees of a circle, that places can be precisely located where these lines intersect, and that location can be stated in terms of degrees north or south of the equator and east or west of the prime meridian.


Using historical maps and other geographic representations/texts (written, maps, graphs, timelines, etc.) locate and explain the conflict over the use of land by Native American Indians and the European colonists.


Describe adaptation and how Native American Indians and colonists adapted to variations in the physical environment


Describe and analyze how specific physical features influenced historical events and movements.


Identify and describe cultural and physical regions of the United States


Use maps and globes to locate states, capitals, major cities, major rivers, the Great Lakes, and mountain ranges in the United States.


Identify Native American Indian and colonial settlements on maps and explain the reasons for the locations of these places.


Locate the continental divide and the major drainage basins in the United States.


Use maps to describe the characteristics of climate regions of the United States.


Identify major sources of accessible fresh water and describe the impact of access on the local and regional communities.


Explain how the Spanish, British and French colonists altered the character and use of land in early America.


Identify the major manufacturing and agricultural regions in colonial America and summarize the ways that agriculture and manufacturing changed between 1600 and 1800.


Describe the economic activities within and among Native American Indian cultures prior to contact with Europeans. Examine the economic incentives that helped motivate European exploration and colonization.


Summarize a market economy* and give examples of how the colonial and early American economy exhibited these characteristics.


Define types of trade barriers*. ? trade barriers: policies that hinder trade such as tariffs, quotas or embargos


Describe the impact of technological developments and major inventions on business productivity during the early development of the United States.


Explain how education and training, specialization and investment in capital resources* increase productivity*. ? capital resources: goods, such as tools, buildings and equipment, used in production ? productivity: the amount of goods and services produced in a period of time divided by the productive resources used


Use economic reasoning to explain why certain careers are more common in one region than in another and how specialization results in more interdependence.


Predict the effect of changes in supply* and demand* on price. ? supply: what producers are willing and able to sell at various prices ? demand: what consumers are willing and able to buy at various prices


Analyze how the causes and effects of changes in price of certain goods* and services* had significant influence on events in United States history.


Explain the purpose and components of a personal budget and compare factors that influence household saving and spending decisions in early United States history and today.