Indiana Learning Standards - Social Studies — Grade 6

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Summarize the rise, decline, and cultural achievements of ancient civilizations in Europe and Mesoamerica.


Examine and explain the outcomes of European colonization on the Americas and the rest of the world.


Compare and contrast Spanish, Portuguese, French, and British colonies in the Americas.


Describe the Reformations and their effects on European and American society.


Explain the origin and spread of scientific, political, and social ideals associated with the Age of Enlightenment/Age of Reason.


Describe the origins, developments and innovations of the Industrial Revolution and explain the impact these changes brought about.


Describe the impact of industrialization and urbanization on the lives of individuals and on trade and cultural exchange between Europe and the Americas and the rest of the world.


Identify individuals, beliefs and events that represent various political ideologies during the nineteenth and twentieth centurys and explain their significance.


Discuss the benefits and challenges related to the development of a highly technological society


Create and compare timelines that identify major people, events and developments in the history of individual civilizations and/or countries that comprise Europe and the Americas.


Define and use the terms decade, century, and millennium, and compare alternative ways that historical periods and eras are designated by identifying the organizing principles upon which each is based.


Describe and compare the beliefs, the spread and the influence of religions throughout Europe and Mesoamerica.


Analyze cause-and-effect relationships, keeping in mind multiple causations, including the importance of individuals, ideas, human interests, beliefs and chance in history.


Differentiate between fact and interpretation in historical accounts and explain the meaning of historical passages by identifying who was involved, what happened, where it happened, and relating them to outcomes that followed and gaps in the historical record.


Form research questions and use a variety of information resources to obtain, evaluate and present data on people, cultures and developments in Europe and the Americas.


Identify issues related to an historical event in Europe or the Americas and give basic arguments for and against that issue utilizing the perspectives, interests and values of those involved.


Explain the continuation and contributions of the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Roman Empir


Identify and explain the development and organization of political, cultural, social and economic systems in Europe and the Americas.


Analyze the diverse points of view and interests of those involved in the Crusades and give examples of the changes brought about by the Crusades.


Identify trade routes and discuss their impact on the rise of cultural centers and trade cities in Europe and Mesoamerica


Describe how the Black Death, along with economic, environmental and social factors led to the decline of medieval society


Compare the diverse perspectives, ideas, interests and people that brought about the Renaissance in Europe.


Analyze the interconnections of people, places and events in the economic, scientific and cultural exchanges of the European Renaissance that led to the Scientific Revolution, voyages of discovery and imperial conquest.


Compare and contrast major forms of governments in Europe and the Americas throughout history


Explain how elements of Greek direct democracy and Roman representative democracy are present in modern systems of government.


Examine key ideas of Magna Carta (1215), the Petition of Right (1628), and the English Bill of Rights (1689) as documents to place limits on the English monarchy and how they have affected the shaping of other governments


Define the term nation-state and describe the rise of nation-states headed by monarchs in Europe from 1500 to 1700.


Discuss the impact of major forms of government in Europe and the Americas on civil and human rights.


Identify and describe the functions of international political organizations in the world today.


Define and compare citizenship and the citizens role throughout history in Europe and the Americas


Demonstrate a broad understanding of the countries and capitals of Europe and the Americas.


Explain the ways cultural diffusion, invention, and innovation change culture.


Define the terms anthropology and archeology and explain how these fields contribute to our understanding of societies in the present and the past


Compare the distribution and evaluate the importance of natural resources such as natural gas, oil, forests, uranium, minerals, coal, seafood and water in Europe and the Americas


Explain the impact of humans on the physical environment in Europe and the Americas.


Explain and give examples of how nature has impacted the physical environment and human populations in specific areas of Europe and the Americas


Use latitude and longitude to locate the capital cities of Europe and the Americas and describe the uses of locational technology, such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to distinguish absolute and relative location and to describe Earths surfaces.


Describe and compare major physical characteristics of regions in Europe and the Americas.


Describe and compare major cultural characteristics of regions in Europe and the Western Hemisphere


Give examples and describe the formation of important river deltas, mountains and bodies of water in Europe and the Americas


Explain how ocean currents and winds influence climate differences on Europe and the Americas.


Locate and describe the climate regions of Europe and the Americas and explain how and why they differ


Identify major biomes of Europe and the Americas and explain how these are influenced by climate


Identify current patterns of population distribution and growth in Europe and the Americas using a variety of geographic representations such as maps, charts, graphs, and satellite images and aerial photography. Evaluate different push and pull factors that trigger migrations

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Describe how different economic systems (traditional, command, market and mixed) in Europe and the Americas answer the basic economic questions on what to produce, how to produce and for whom to produce.


Give examples of how trade related to key developments in the history of Europe and the Americas.


Analyze how countries of Europe and the Americas have been influenced by trade in different historical periods


Explain why international trade requires a system for exchanging currency between various countries.


Compare the standard of living of various countries of Europe and the Americas today using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita as an indicator.


Analyze current economic issues in the countries of Europe or the Americas using a variety of information resources


Identify economic connections between the local community and the countries of Europe or the Americas and identify job skills needed to be successful in the workplace.


Identify ways that societies deal with helpful and harmful externalities (spillovers*) in Europe or the Americas.


Explain how saving and investing help increase productivity and economic growth and compare and contrast individual saving and investing options