# Kansas Mathematics Standards — Grade 3

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#### 3.G1

Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories.

#### 3.G2

Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. For example, partition a shape into 4 parts with equal area, and describe the area of each part as 1/4 of the area of the shape.

#### 3.MD1

Tell and write time to the nearest minute and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram.

#### 3.MD2

Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l).18 Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem.

#### 3.MD3

Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step how many more and how many less problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. For example, draw a bar graph in which each square in the bar graph might represent 5 pets.

#### 3.MD4

Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate unitswhole numbers, halves, or quarters.

#### 3.MD5a

Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement.

#### 3.MD5b

Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement.

#### 3.MD6

Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units).

#### 3.MD7a

Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.

#### 3.MD7b

Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.

#### 3.MD7c

Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.

#### 3.MD7d

Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.

#### 3.MD8

Solve real world and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters.

#### 3.NBT1

Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100.

#### 3.NBT2

Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

#### 3.NBT3

Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 1090 (e.g., 9 80, 5 60) using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.

#### 3.NF1

Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of size 1/b.

#### 3.NF2a

Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram.

#### 3.NF2b

Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram.

#### 3.NF3a

Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.

#### 3.NF3b

Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.

#### 3.NF3c

Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.

#### 3.NF3d

Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.

#### 3.OA1

Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 7.

#### 3.OA2

Interpret whole-number quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a number of shares or a number of groups can be expressed as 56 8.

#### 3.OA3

Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

#### 3.OA4

Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8 ? = 48, 5 = 3, 6 6 = ?.

#### 3.OA5

Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.14 Examples: If 6 4 = 24 is known, then 4 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 5 2 can be found by 3 5 = 15, then 15 2 = 30, or by 5 2 = 10, then 3 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 5 = 40 and 8 2 = 16, one can find 8 7 as 8 (5 + 2) = (8 5) + (8 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)

#### 3.OA6

Understand division as an unknown-factor problem. For example, find 32 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.

#### 3.OA7

Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 5 = 40, one knows 40 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.

#### 3.OA8

Solve two-step word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.

#### 3.OA9

Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations. For example, observe that 4 times a number is always even, and explain why 4 times a number can be decomposed into two equal addends.