Minnesota Science Learning Standards — Grade 2

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Raise questions about the natural world and seek answers by making careful observations, noting what happens when you interact with an object, and sharing the answers with others.

Identify a need or problem and construct an object that helps to meet the need or solve the problem. For example: Design and build a tool to show wind direction. Another example: Design a kite and identify the materials to use.

Describe why some materials are better than others for making a particular object and how materials that are better in some ways may be worse in other ways. For example: Objects made of plastic or glass.

Explain how engineered or designed items from everyday life benefit people.

Describe objects in terms of color, size, shape, weight, texture, flexibility, strength and the types of materials in the object.

Observe, record, and recognize that water can be a solid or a liquid and can change from one state to another.

Describe an object's change in position relative to other objects or a background. For example: Forward, backward, going up, going down.

Demonstrate that objects move in a variety of ways, including a straight line, a curve, a circle, back and forth, and at different speeds. For example: Spinning toy and rocking toy. Another example: Construct objects that will move in a straight line or a curve such as a marble or toy car on a track.

Describe how push and pull forces can make objects move. For example: Push and pull objects on smooth and rough surfaces.

Describe how things near Earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up.

Measure, record and describe weather conditions using common tools. For example: Temperature, precipitation, sunrise/sunset, and wind speed/direction.

Describe and sort plants into groups in many ways, according to their physical characteristics and behaviors.

Recognize that plants need space, water, nutrients and air, and that they fulfill these needs in different ways.

Describe the characteristics of plants at different stages of their life cycles. For example: Use live organisms or pictures to observe the changes that occur during the life cycle of bean plants or marigolds.