Minnesota Science Learning Standards — Grade 4

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Describe the positive and negative impacts that the designed world has on the natural world as more and more engineered products and services are created and used.

Identify and investigate a design solution and describe how it was used to solve an everyday problem. For example: Investigate different varieties of construction tools.

Generate ideas and possible constraints for solving a problem through engineering design. For example: Design and build an electromagnet to sort steel and aluminum materials for recycling.

Test and evaluate solutions, considering advantages and disadvantages for the engineering solution, and communicate the results effectively.

Describe a situation in which one invention led to other inventions.

Measure temperature, volume, weight and length using appropriate tools and units.

Distinguish between solids, liquids and gases in terms of shape and volume. For example: Liquid water changes shape depending on the shape of its container.

Describe how the states of matter change as a result of heating and cooling.

Describe the transfer of heat energy when a warm and a cool object are touching or placed near each other.

Describe how magnets can repel or attract each other and how they attract certain metal objects.

Compare materials that are conductors and insulators of heat and/or electricity. For example: Glass conducts heat well, but is a poor conductor of electricity.

Identify several ways to generate heat energy. For example: Burning a substance, rubbing hands together, or electricity flowing through wires.

Construct a simple electricalcircuit using wires, batteries, and light bulbs.

Demonstrate how an electric current can produce a magnetic force. For example: Construct an electromagnet to pick up paperclips.

Recognize that rocks may be uniform or made of mixtures of different minerals.

Describe and classify minerals based on their physical properties. For example: Streak, luster, hardness, reaction to vinegar.

Identify where water collects on Earth, including atmosphere, ground, and surface water, and describe how water moves through the Earth system using the processes of evaporation, condensation and precipitation.

Describe how the methods people utilize to obtain and use water in their homes and communities can affect water supply and quality.

Recognize that the body has defense systems against germs, including tears, saliva, skin, and blood.

Give examples of diseases that can be prevented by vaccination.