Arizona English Language Arts Standards — Grade 9


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10.RI.10

By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 910 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

10.RI.10a

By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 910 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

10.RL.10

By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of the grades 910 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

11?12.L.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

11?12.L.1a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

11?12.L.1b

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

11?12.L.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

11?12.L.2a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

11?12.L.2b

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

11?12.L.3

Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

11?12.L.3a

Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

11?12.L.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 1112 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

11?12.L.4a

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 1112 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

11?12.L.4b

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 1112 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

11?12.L.4c

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 1112 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

11?12.L.4d

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 1112 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

11?12.L.5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

11?12.L.5a

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

11?12.L.5b

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

11?12.L.6

Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain?specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

11?12.RI.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.

11?12.RI.2

Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.

11?12.RI.3

Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas, or events interact and develop over the course of the text.

11?12.RI.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term or terms over the course of a text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in Federalist No. 10).

11?12.RI.5

Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.

11?12.RI.6

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness, or beauty of the text.

11?12.RI.7

Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words in order to address a question or solve a problem.

11?12.RI.8

Delineate and evaluate the reasoning in seminal U.S. texts, including the application of constitutional principles and use of legal reasoning (e.g., in U.S. Supreme Court majority opinions and dissents) and the premises, purposes, and arguments in works of public advocacy (e.g., The Federalist, presidential addresses).

11?12.RI.9

Analyze seventeenth?, eighteenth?, and nineteenth?century foundational U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (including The Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and Lincolns Second Inaugural Address) for their themes, purposes, and rhetorical features.

11?12.RL.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.

11?12.RL.2

Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.

11?12.RL.3

Analyze the impact of the authors choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).

11?12.RL.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)

11?12.RL.5

Analyze how an authors choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.

11?12.RL.6

Analyze a case in which grasping point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).

11?12.SL.1

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 1112 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

11?12.SL.1a

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 1112 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

11?12.SL.1b

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 1112 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

11?12.SL.1c

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 1112 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

11?12.SL.1d

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 1112 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

11?12.SL.2

Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.

11?12.SL.3

Evaluate a speakers point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, assessing the stance, premises, links among ideas, word choice, points of emphasis, and tone used.

11?12.SL.4

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing perspectives are addressed, and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and a range of formal and informal tasks.

11?12.SL.5

Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.

11?12.SL.6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grades 1112 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

11?12.W.1

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

11?12.W.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.

11?12.W.1a

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

11?12.W.1b

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

11?12.W.1c

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

11?12.W.1d

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

11?12.W.1e

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

11?12.W.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.2a

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.2b

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.2c

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.2d

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.2e

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.2f

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

11?12.W.3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

11?12.W.3a

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

11?12.W.3b

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

11?12.W.3c

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

11?12.W.3d

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

11?12.W.3e

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

11?12.W.4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade?specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 13 above.

11?12.W.4a

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade?specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 13 above.

11?12.W.5

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 13 up to and including grades 1112.)

11?12.W.6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback, including new arguments or information.

11?12.W.7

Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self?generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

11?12.W.8

Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation.

11?12.W.9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

11?12.W.9a

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

11?12.W.9b

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

11.RI.10

By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 11 CCR text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

11.RI.10a

By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 11 CCR text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

11.RL.10

By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 11CCR text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

11.RL.7

Analyze multiple interpretations of a story, drama, or poem (e.g., recorded or live production of a play or recorded novel or poetry); evaluating how each version interprets the source text. (Include at least one play by Shakespeare and one play by an American dramatist.)

11.RL.8

Not applicable to literature

11.RL.9

Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth?, nineteenth?, and early?twentieth?century foundational works of American literature, including how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes or topics. (

12.RI.10

By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 11CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.

12.RI.1a0

By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 11CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.

12.RL.10

By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of the grades 11CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.

9?10.L.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

9?10.L.1a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

9?10.L.1b

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

9?10.L.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

9?10.L.2a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

9?10.L.2b

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

9?10.L.2c

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

9?10.L.3

Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

9?10.L.3a

Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

9?10.L.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 910 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

9?10.L.4a

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 910 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

9?10.L.4b

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 910 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

9?10.L.4c

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 910 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

9?10.L.4d

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple?meaning words and phrases based on grades 910 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

9?10.L.5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

9?10.L.5a

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

9?10.L.5b

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

9?10.L.6

Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain?specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

9?10.RI.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

9?10.RI.2

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.

9?10.RI.3

Analyze how the author unfolds an analysis or series of ideas or events, including the order in which the points are made, how they are introduced and developed, and the connections that are drawn between them.

9?10.RI.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper).

9?10.RI.5

Analyze in detail how an authors ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text (e.g., a section or chapter).

9?10.RI.6

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose.

9?10.RI.7

Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums (e.g., a persons life story in both print and multimedia), determining which details are emphasized in each account.

9?10.RI.8

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning.

9?10.RI.9

Analyze seminal U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (e.g., Washingtons Farewell Address, the Gettysburg Address, Roosevelts Four Freedoms speech, Kings Letter from Birmingham Jail), including how they address related themes and concepts.

9?10.RL.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

9?10.RL.2

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.

9?10.RL.3

Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.

9?10.RL.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).

9?10.RL.5

Analyze how an authors choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.

9?10.RL.6

Analyze a particular point of view or cultural experience reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States, drawing on a wide reading of world literature.

9?10.RL.7

Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic mediums, including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment (e.g., Audens Muse des Beaux Arts and Breughels Landscape with the Fall of Icarus).

9?10.RL.8

Not applicable to literature

9?10.RL.9

Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work (e.g., how Shakespeare treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the Bible or how a later author draws on a play by Shakespeare). (

9?10.SL.1

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 910 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

9?10.SL.1a

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 910 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

9?10.SL.1b

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 910 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

9?10.SL.1c

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 910 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

9?10.SL.1d

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one?on? one, in groups, and teacher?led) with diverse partners on grades 910 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

9?10.SL.2

Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally), evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source.

9?10.SL.3

Evaluate a speakers point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, identifying any fallacious reasoning or exaggerated or distorted evidence.

9?10.SL.4

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task.

9?10.SL.5

Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.

9?10.SL.6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grades 910 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

9?10.W.1

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

9?10.W.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.

9?10.W.1a

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

9?10.W.1b

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

9?10.W.1c

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

9?10.W.1d

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

9?10.W.1e

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

9?10.W.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.2a

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.2b

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.2c

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.2d

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.2e

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.2f

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

9?10.W.3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

9?10.W.3a

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

9?10.W.3b

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

9?10.W.3c

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

9?10.W.3d

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

9?10.W.3e

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well?chosen details, and well?structured event sequences.

9?10.W.4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade?specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 13 above.

9?10.W.4a

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade?specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 13 above.

9?10.W.5

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 13 up to and including grades 910.)

9?10.W.6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically.

9?10.W.7

Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self?generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

9?10.W.8

Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

9?10.W.9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

9?10.W.9a

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

9?10.W.9b

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

9.RI.10

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 910 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

9.RI.10a

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 910 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

9.RL.10

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 910 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.