Arizona Social Studies Standards — Grade 2


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SS02-S1C1.

Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues. By using primary and secondary sources effectively students obtain accurate and relevant information.

SS02-S1C1.a

Place important life events in chronological order on a timeline.

SS02-S1C1.b

Place historical events from content studied in chronological order on a timeline.

SS02-S1C1.c

Recognize how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

SS02-S1C1.d

Use primary source materials (e.g., photos, artifacts, interviews, documents, maps) and secondary source materials (e.g., encyclopedias, biographies) to study people and events from the past.

SS02-S1C1.e

Retell stories to describe past events, people and places.

SS02-S1C10

Current events and issues continue to shape our nation and our involvement in the global community.

SS02-S1C10.a

Use information from written documents, oral presentations, and the media to describe current events.

SS02-S1C10.b

Connect current events with historical events from content studied in Strand 1 using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

SS02-S1C10.c

Recognize current Native American tribes in the United States (e.g., Navajo, Cherokee, Lakota, Iroquois, Nez Perce).

SS02-S1C2.

The geographic, political, economic and cultural characteristics of early civilizations made significant contributions to the later development of the United States.

SS02-S1C2.a

Recognize that prehistoric Native American mound-building cultures lived in Central and Eastern North America.

SS02-S1C4.

The development of American constitutional democracy grew from political, cultural and economic issues, ideas and event.

SS02-S1C4.a

Recognize that American colonists and Native American groups lived in the area of the Thirteen Colonies that was ruled by England.

SS02-S1C4.b

Recognize dissatisfaction with England's rule was a key issue that led to the Revolutionary War.

SS02-S1C4.c

Describe how the colonists demonstrated their discontent with British Rule (e.g., Boston Tea Party, Declaration of Independence, Paul Revere's Ride, battles of Lexington and Concord).

SS02-S1C4.d

Discuss contributions of key people (e.g., George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin) in gaining independence during the Revolutionary War.

SS02-S1C4.e

Know that the United States became an independent country as a result of the Revolutionary War.

SS02-S1C4.f

Discuss how the need for a strong central government led to the writing of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.

SS02-S1C5.

Westward expansion, influenced by political, cultural, and economic factors, led to the growth and development of the U.S.

SS02-S1C5.a

Identify reasons (e.g., economic opportunity, political or religious freedom) for immigration to the United States.

SS02-S1C5.b

Identify reasons (e.g., economic opportunities, forced removal) why people in the United States moved westward to territories or unclaimed lands.

SS02-S1C5.c

Discuss the experiences (e.g., leaving homeland, facing unknown challenges) of the pioneers as they journeyed west to settle new lands.

SS02-S1C5.d

a) transportation (e.g., trails, turnpikes, canals, wagon trains, steamboats, railroads); b) communication (e.g., Pony Express, telegraph).

SS02-S1C5.e

Discuss the effects (e.g., loss of land, depletion of the buffalo, establishment of reservations, government boarding schools) of Westward Expansion on Native Americans.

SS02-S2C1.

Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues.

SS02-S2C1.a

Place important life events in chronological order on a timeline.

SS02-S2C1.b

Place historical events from content studied in chronological order on a timeline.

SS02-S2C1.c

Recognize how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

SS02-S2C1.d

Use primary source materials (e.g., photos, artifacts, interviews, documents, maps) and secondary source materials (e.g., encyclopedias, biographies) to study people and events from the past.

SS02-S2C1.e

Retell stories to describe past events, people and places.

SS02-S2C2

The geographic, political, economic and cultural characteristics of early civilizations significantly influenced the development of later civilizations.

SS02-S2C2.a

Recognize that civilizations developed in China, India, and Japan.

SS02-S2C2.b

Recognize how art (e.g., porcelain, poetry), architecture (e.g., pagodas, temples), and inventions (e.g., paper, fireworks) in Asia contributed to the development of their own and later civilizations.

SS02-S2C5.

Innovations, discoveries, exploration, and colonization accelerated contact, conflict, and interconnection among societies world wide, transforming and creating nations.

SS02-S2C5.a

Describe how expanding trade (e.g., Marco Polo's travels to Asia) led to the exchange of new goods (i.e., spices, silk) and ideas.

SS02-S2C6.

Intensified internal conflicts led to the radical overthrow of traditional governments and created new political and economic systems.

SS02-S2C6.a

Recognize that people in different places (e.g., American colonies - England, Mexico - Spain) challenged their form of government, which resulted in conflict and change.

SS02-S2C9.

The nations of the contemporary world are shaped by their cultural and political past. Current events, developments and issues continue to shape the global community.

SS02-S2C9.a

Use information from written documents, oral presentations, and the media to describe current events.

SS02-S3C1.

The United States democracy is based on principles and ideals that are embodied by symbols, people and documents.

SS02-S3C1.a

a) American flag; b) Pledge of Allegiance; c) National Anthem; d) America the Beautiful; e) the U.S. Capitol; f) Liberty Bell.

SS02-S3C1.b

Recognize that the U.S. Constitution provides the American people with common laws and protects their rights.

SS02-S3C1.c

a) Presidents' Day; b) Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; c) Veterans' Day; d) Memorial Day; e) Fourth of July; f) Constitution Day.

SS02-S3C1.d

Know that people in the United States have varied backgrounds but may share principles, goals, customs and traditions.

SS02-S3C1.e

Recognize how students work together to achieve common goals.

SS02-S3C2.

The United States structure of government is characterized by the separation and balance of powers.

SS02-S3C2.a

Identify the three branches of national government as represented by the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court.

SS02-S3C2.b

a) President of the United States; b) Governor of Arizona; c) local leaders (e.g., tribal council, mayor).

SS02-S3C2.c

Recognize how Arizona and the other states combine to make a nation.

SS02-S3C4.

The rights, responsibilities and practices of United States citizenship are founded in the Constitution and the nation's history.

SS02-S3C4.a

Discuss examples of responsible citizenship in the school setting and in stories about the past and present.

SS02-S3C4.b

a) elements of fair play, good sportsmanship, and the idea of treating others the way you want to be treated; b) importance of participation and cooperation in a classroom and community; c) why we have rules and the consequences for violating them; d) responsibility of voting.

SS02-S3C4.c

Describe the importance of students contributing to a community (e.g., helping others, working together, service projects).

SS02-S3C4.d

Identify traits of character (e.g., honesty, courage, cooperation and patriotism) that are important to the preservation and improvement of democracy.

SS02-S4C1.

The spatial perspective and associated geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places and environments.

SS02-S4C1.a

Recognize different types of maps (e.g., political, physical, thematic) serve various purposes.

SS02-S4C1.b

a) alpha numeric grids; b) title; c) compass rose - cardinal directions; d) key (legend); e) symbols.

SS02-S4C1.c

Construct a map of a familiar place (e.g., school, home, neighborhood, fictional place) that includes a title, compass rose, symbols and key (legend).

SS02-S4C1.d

Construct tally charts and pictographs to display geographic information (e.g., birthplace - city or state).

SS02-S4C1.e

a) physical (i.e., ocean, continent, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert); b) human (i.e., equator, Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South Poles).

SS02-S4C1.f

a) physical (i.e., ocean, continent, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert); b) human (i.e., equator Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South Poles, city, state, country).

SS02-S4C2.

Places and regions have distinct physical and cultural characteristics.

SS02-S4C2.a

Identify through images of content studied (e.g., Japan, China, United States) how places have distinct characteristics.

SS02-S4C2.b

Discuss human features (e.g., cities, parks, railroad tracks, hospitals, shops, schools) in the world.

SS02-S4C2.c

Discuss physical features (e.g., mountains, rivers, deserts) in the world.

SS02-S4C2.d

Discuss the ways places change over time.

SS02-S4C3.

Physical processes shape the Earth and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems. These processes affect the distribution of resources and economic development.

SS02-S4C3.a

Measure and record weather conditions, identify clouds and analyze their relationship to temperature and weather patterns.

SS02-S4C4.

Human cultures, their nature, and distribution affect societies and the Earth.

SS02-S4C4.a

Discuss housing and land use in urban and rural communities.

SS02-S4C4.b

Describe the reasons (e.g., jobs, climate, family) for human settlement patterns.

SS02-S4C4.c

Discuss the major economic activities and land use (e.g., natural resources, agricultural, industrial, residential, commercial, recreational) of areas studied.

SS02-S4C4.d

Describe elements of culture (e.g., food, clothing, housing, sports, customs, beliefs) in a community of areas studied.

SS02-S4C4.e

Discuss that Asian civilizations have changed from past to present.

SS02-S4C4.f

Recognize the connections between city, state, country, and continent.

SS02-S4C5.

Human and environmental interactions are interdependent upon one another. Humans interact with the environment- they depend upon it, they modify it; and they adapt to it. The health and well-being of all humans depends upon an understanding of the interconnections and interdependence of human and physical systems.

SS02-S4C5.a

Identify ways (e.g., agriculture, structures, roads) in which humans depend upon, adapt to, and impact the earth.

SS02-S4C5.b

Recognize ways of protecting natural resources.

SS02-S4C6.

Geographic thinking (asking and answering geographic questions) is used to understand spatial patterns of the past, the present, and to plan for the future.

SS02-S4C6.a

Discuss geographic concepts related to current events.

SS02-S4C6.b

Use geography concepts and skills (e.g., patterns, mapping, graphing) to find solutions for problems (e.g., trash, leaky faucets, bike paths, traffic patterns) in the environment.

SS02-S5C1.

The foundations of economics are the application of basic economic concepts and decision-making skills. This includes scarcity and the different methods of allocation of goods and services.

SS02-S5C1.a

Discuss how scarcity requires people to make choices due to their unlimited needs and wants with limited resources.

SS02-S5C1.b

Discuss that opportunity cost occurs when people make choices and something is given up (e.g., if you go to the movies, you can't also go to the park).

SS02-S5C1.c

Identify differences among natural resources (e.g., water, soil, and wood), human resources (e.g., people at work), and capital resources (e.g., machines, tools and buildings).

SS02-S5C1.d

Recognize that people trade for goods and services.

SS02-S5C1.e

Compare the use of barter and money in the exchange for goods and services (e.g., trade a toy for candy, buying candy with money).

SS02-S5C1.f

Recognize that some goods are made in the local community and some are made in other parts of the world.

SS02-S5C1.g

Discuss how people can be both producers and consumers of goods and services.

SS02-S5C5

Discuss costs and benefits of personal savings.