Arizona Social Studies Standards — Grade 5


Click on any standard to search for aligned resources. This data may be subject to copyright. You may download a CSV of the Arizona Social Studies Standards if your intention constitutes fair use.


Plan, assess, and analyze learning aligned to these standards using Kiddom.

Learn more: How Kiddom Empowers Teachers.

SS05-S1C1.

Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues. By using primary and secondary sources effectively students obtain accurate and relevant information.

SS05-S1C1.a

a) timelines - B.C.E. and B.C.; C.E. and A.D.; b) graphs, tables, charts, and maps.

SS05-S1C1.b

Construct timelines of the historical era being studied (e.g., presidents/world leaders, key events, people).

SS05-S1C1.c

Describe the difference between primary and secondary sources.

SS05-S1C1.d

Locate information using both primary and secondary sources.

SS05-S1C1.e

Describe how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

SS05-S1C10

Discuss the connections between current and historical events and issues from content studied in Strand 1 using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

SS05-S1C3.

The varied causes and effects of exploration, settlement, and colonization shaped regional and national development of the U.S.

SS05-S1C3.a

Recognize that Native American tribes resided throughout North America before the period of European exploration and colonization.

SS05-S1C3.b

Explain the reasons for the explorations of Samuel Champlain, Henry Hudson, John Cabot, Jacques Cartier, Ponce de Leon, and Hernan de Soto in the New World.

SS05-S1C3.c

Explain the reasons (e.g., religious freedom, desire for land, economic opportunity, a new life) for colonization of America.

SS05-S1C3.d

Describe the contributions of geographic and economic conditions, religion, and colonial systems of government to the development of American democratic practices.

SS05-S1C3.e

Describe the geography, cultures, and economics of the Southern, Middle Atlantic, and New England Colonies.

SS05-S1C3.f

Identify contributions of individuals (e.g., John Smith, William Penn, Lord Baltimore, Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, James Ogelthorpe) who were important to the colonization of America.

SS05-S1C3.g

Describe interactions (e.g., agricultural and cultural exchanges, alliances, conflicts) between Native Americans and European settlers.

SS05-S1C3.h

Describe the causes and effects of triangular trade.

SS05-S1C4.

The development of American constitutional democracy grew from political, cultural and economic issues, ideas and event.

SS05-S1C4.a

a) French and Indian War; b) Proclamation of 1763; c) Tea Act; d) Stamp Act; e) Boston Massacre; f) Intolerable Acts

SS05-S1C4.b

a) Declaration of Independence; b) the battles of Lexington and Concord, Saratoga; c) aid from France; d) surrender at Yorktown

SS05-S1C4.c

a) Benjamin Franklin; b) Thomas Jefferson; c) George Washington; d) Patrick Henry; e) Thomas Paine; f) King George III

SS05-S1C4.d

a) Constitutional Convention; b) George Washington's presidency; c) creation of political parties

SS05-S1C5.

Westward expansion, influenced by political, cultural, and economic factors, led to the growth and development of the U.S.

SS05-S1C5.a

a) Thomas Jefferson - Louisiana Purchase; explorations of Lewis and Clark; b) James Madison - War of 1812; c) James Monroe - The Monroe Doctrine; d) Andrew Jackson - Nationalism and Sectionalism; Trail of Tears; e) James Polk - Mexican-American War; discovery of gold in California

SS05-S1C5.b

Describe the different perspectives (e.g., Native Americans, settlers, Spanish, the U.S. government, prospectors) of Manifest Destiny.

SS05-S1C5.c

Identify major westward migration routes of the 19th Century.

SS05-S1C5.d

Describe how manufacturing, textiles, transportation improvements, and other innovations of the Industrial Revolution contributed to U.S. growth and expansion.

SS05-S1C5.e

a) Frederick Douglass; b) Harriet Tubman; c) William Lloyd Garrison; d) Sojourner Truth

SS05-S1C6.

Regional conflicts led to the Civil War and resulted in significant changes to American social, economic, and political structures.

SS05-S1C6.a

a) role of abolitionists and Underground Railroad; b) sectionalism between North and South; c) westward expansion

SS05-S1C6.b

a) firing on Ft. Sumter; b) major battles; c) delivery of the Emancipation Proclamation; d) surrender at Appomattox

SS05-S2C1.

Historical research is a process in which students examine topics or questions related to historical studies and/or current issues.

SS05-S2C1.a

a) timelines - B.C.E. and B.C.; C.E. and A.D.; b) graphs, tables, charts, and maps

SS05-S2C1.b

Construct timelines of the historical era being studied (e.g., presidents/world leaders, key events, people).

SS05-S2C1.c

Describe the difference between primary and secondary sources.

SS05-S2C1.d

Locate information using both primary and secondary sources.

SS05-S2C1.e

Describe how archaeological research adds to our understanding of the past.

SS05-S2C5.

Innovations, discoveries, exploration, and colonization accelerated contact, conflict, and interconnection among societies world wide, transforming and creating nations.

SS05-S2C5.a

a) sea routes to Asia; b) colonies established and settled; c) increased power of European countries; d) trade established between Europe, Africa, and Americas; e) introduction of disease and the resulting population decline of Indigenous people; f) triangular trade

SS05-S2C6.

Intensified internal conflicts led to the radical overthrow of traditional governments and created new political and economic systems.

SS05-S2C6.a

Explain the rationale and characteristics of rebellion.

SS05-S2C6.b

Explain the impact that revolution has on a society.

SS05-S2C6.c

Compare the causes of the American Revolution to other revolutions around the world (e.g., France, Haiti, Mexico, South America, Russia).

SS05-S2C6.d

Compare the outcomes of the American Revolution to those of other revolutions around the world (e.g., France, Haiti, Mexico, South America, Russia).

SS05-S2C9.

The nations of the contemporary world are shaped by their cultural and political past. Current events, developments and issues continue to shape the global community.

SS05-S2C9.a

Describe current events using information from class discussions and various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps).

SS05-S2C9.b

Use various resources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television, Internet, books, maps) to discuss the connections between current events and historical events and issues from content studied in Strand 2.

SS05-S3C1.

The United States democracy is based on principles and ideals that are embodied by symbols, people and documents.

SS05-S3C1.a

a) Mayflower Compact; b) Declaration of Independence; c) Articles of Confederation; d) United States Constitution; e) Bill of Rights.

SS05-S3C1.b

a) John Adams; b) Benjamin Franklin; c) Alexander Hamilton; d) Thomas Jefferson; e) James Madison; f) John Marshall; g) George Washington.

SS05-S3C1.c

Describe the struggle between the Federalists and the Anti-federalists over the ratification of the Constitution and the creation of the Bill of Rights.

SS05-S3C2.

The United States structure of government is characterized by the separation and balance of powers.

SS05-S3C2.a

Describe the role of town meetings and representative assemblies in colonial government.

SS05-S3C2.b

Describe how the Constitution is designed to limit central government, as in freedom from a controlling monarchy.

SS05-S3C3.

Laws and policies are developed to govern, protect, and promote the well-being of the people.

SS05-S3C3.a

Explain ways in which the powers of the federal government differed from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution.

SS05-S3C3.b

Identify the process by which a bill becomes a law.

SS05-S3C3.c

Describe how the checks and balance system which established the three branches of the federal government works, as in Andrew Johnson's impeachment.

SS05-S3C3.d

Explain the significance of the Dred Scott Decision.

SS05-S3C3.e

Compare the arguments for states' rights versus the power of the federal government (e.g., the expansion of slavery, taxation).

SS05-S3C4.

The rights, responsibilities and practices of United States citizenship are founded in the Constitution and the nation's history.

SS05-S3C4.a

Describe ways an individual can contribute to a school or community.

SS05-S3C4.b

Describe the character traits (i.e., respect, responsibility, fairness, involvement) that are important to the preservation and improvement of constitutional democracy in the United States.

SS05-S3C4.c

Describe the importance of citizens being actively involved in the democratic process (e.g., voting, student government, involvement in political decision making, analyzing issues, petitioning public officials).

SS05-S3C5.

Different governmental systems exist throughout the world. The United States influences and is influenced by global interactions.

SS05-S3C5.a

Describe the characteristics of a monarchy and a republic.

SS05-S4C1.

The spatial perspective and associated geographic tools are used to organize and interpret information about people, places and environments.

SS05-S4C1.a

a) contour; b) population density; c) natural resource; d) historical maps.

SS05-S4C1.b

Locate features in the world (e.g., continents, waterways, mountain ranges, cities) on a map using latitude and longitude.

SS05-S4C1.c

Identify the location of significant geographic features from content studied on a physical or political map.

SS05-S4C1.d

Locate physical and human features (e.g., gulf, delta, isthmus, strait, bay, canyon, swamp, peninsula, province, cape, tree line) in the United States and world on an appropriate type of map.

SS05-S4C1.e

Identify each state on a U.S. map.

SS05-S4C1.f

Construct maps, charts, and graphs to display geographic information.

SS05-S4C2.

Places and regions have distinct physical and cultural characteristics.

SS05-S4C2.a

a) three American colonial regions; b) West, Midwest, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest; c) North and South during the Civil War.

SS05-S4C2.b

Describe the geographic characteristics of a state in the United States with the assistance of maps, the internet, atlases, and other reference materials.

SS05-S4C3.

Physical processes shape the Earth and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems. These processes affect the distribution of resources and economic development.

SS05-S4C3.a

Explain the impacts of natural hazards on habitats.

SS05-S4C3.b

Describe lunar cycles, Earth's revolution and rotation, and gravity.

SS05-S4C3.c

Describe the planets, other objects in the solar system, and exploration of the solar system.

SS05-S4C4.

Human cultures, their nature, and distribution affect societies and the Earth.

SS05-S4C4.a

Explain why and how boundaries change (e.g., Westward Expansion, Civil War, Mexican - American War).

SS05-S4C4.b

Explain the effects (e.g., economic, cultural, environmental, political) of human migration on places.

SS05-S4C5.

Human and environmental interactions are interdependent upon one another. Humans interact with the environment- they depend upon it, they modify it; and they adapt to it. The health and well-being of all humans depends upon an understanding of the interconnections and interdependence of human and physical systems.

SS05-S4C5.a

Describe the ways European colonists and Native Americans viewed, adapted, and used the environment.

SS05-S4C5.b

Describe the impact that natural events (e.g., floods, earthquakes, droughts) have on human and physical environments.

SS05-S4C6.

Geographic thinking (asking and answering geographic questions) is used to understand spatial patterns of the past, the present, and to plan for the future.

SS05-S4C6.a

Describe how geographic features influenced events in the past in the Original Thirteen Colonies, the Great Plains, the Pacific Northwest and the West.

SS05-S4C6.b

Use geographic knowledge and skills (e.g., recognizing patterns, mapping, graphing) when discussing current events.

SS05-S4C6.c

Use geography concepts and skills (e.g., recognizing patterns, mapping, graphing) to find solutions for local, state or national problems (e.g., shortage or abundance of natural resources).

SS05-S5C1

The foundations of economics are the application of basic economic concepts and decision-making skills. This includes scarcity and the different methods of allocation of goods and services.

SS05-S5C1.a

Identify the opportunity costs (i.e., separation from family, indentured service) associated with expeditions to the New World.

SS05-S5C1.b

Describe how specialization (e.g., division of labor) improved standards of living in the three colonial regions and the Pre-Civil War North and South.

SS05-S5C1.c

Identify how voluntary exchange helps both buyers and sellers as in colonial trade in North America.

SS05-S5C1.d

Interpret how trade promoted economic growth throughout U.S. history.

SS05-S5C2

Microeconomics examines the costs and benefits of economic choices relating to individuals, markets and industries, and governmental policies.

SS05-S5C2.a

Explain how price incentives affect peoples' behavior and choices, such as colonial decisions about what crops to grow and which products to produce.

SS05-S5C2.b

Describe how competition, markets, and prices influence peoples' behavior.

SS05-S5C2.c

Identify how people earn income by selling their labor to businesses or governments.

SS05-S5C2.d

Describe ways in which entrepreneurs take risks to develop new goods and services.

SS05-S5C2.e

Describe the function of private business in producing goods and services.

SS05-S5C2.f

Discuss the function of banks in providing checking accounts, savings accounts, and loans.

SS05-S5C2.g

Explain the function of government in providing certain goods and services through taxation.

SS05-S5C5

Decision-making skills foster a person's individual standard of living. Using information wisely leads to better informed decisions as consumers, workers, investors and effective participants in society.

SS05-S5C5.a

a) cash; b) check; c) money order; d) debit card; e) credit card.