Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills - Science — Grade 5


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112.16.b.1

The student conducts classroom and outdoor investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.1.a

demonstrate safe practices and the use of safety equipment as described in the Texas Safety Standards during classroom and outdoor investigations; and

112.16.b.1.b

make informed choices in the conservation, disposal, and recycling of materials.

112.16.b.10

The student knows that organisms undergo similar life processes and have structures that help them survive within their environments. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.10.a

compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feet in aquatic animals;

112.16.b.10.b

differentiate between inherited traits of plants and animals such as spines on a cactus or shape of a beak and learned behaviors such as an animal learning tricks or a child riding a bicycle;

112.16.b.10.c

describe the differences between complete and incomplete metamorphosis of insects.

112.16.b.2

The student uses scientific methods during laboratory and outdoor investigations. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.2.a

describe, plan, and implement simple experimental investigations testing one variable;

112.16.b.2.b

ask well-defined questions, formulate testable hypotheses, and select and use appropriate equipment and technology;

112.16.b.2.c

collect information by detailed observations and accurate measuring;

112.16.b.2.d

analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct (observable) and indirect (inferred) evidence;

112.16.b.2.e

emonstrate that repeated investigations may increase the reliability of results;

112.16.b.2.f

communicate valid conclusions in both written and verbal forms; and

112.16.b.2.g

construct appropriate simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using technology, including computers, to organize, examine, and evaluate information.

112.16.b.3

The student uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.3.a

in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student;

112.16.b.3.b

evaluate the accuracy of the information related to promotional materials for products and services such as nutritional labels;

112.16.b.3.c

draw or develop a model that represents how something works or looks that cannot be seen such as how a soda dispensing machine works; and

112.16.b.3.d

connect grade-level appropriate science concepts with the history of science, science careers, and contributions of scientists.

112.16.b.4

The student knows how to use a variety of tools and methods to conduct science inquiry. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.4.a

collect, record, and analyze information using tools, including calculators, microscopes, cameras, computers, hand lenses, metric rulers, Celsius thermometers, prisms, mirrors, pan balances, triple beam balances, spring scales, graduated cylinders, beakers, hot plates, meter sticks, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices, including clocks and stopwatches; and materials to support observations of habitats or organisms such as terrariums and aquariums; and

112.16.b.4.b

use safety equipment, including safety goggles and gloves.

112.16.b.5

The student knows that matter has measurable physical properties and those properties determine how matter is classified, changed, and used. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.5.a

classify matter based on physical properties, including mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid, and gas), relative density (sinking and floating), solubility in water, and the ability to conduct or insulate thermal energy or electric energy;

112.16.b.5.b

identify the boiling and freezing/melting points of water on the Celsius scale;

112.16.b.5.c

demonstrate that some mixtures maintain physical properties of their ingredients such as iron filings and sand; and

112.16.b.5.d

identify changes that can occur in the physical properties of the ingredients of solutions such as dissolving salt in water or adding lemon juice to water.

112.16.b.6

The student knows that energy occurs in many forms and can be observed in cycles, patterns, and systems. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.6.a

explore the uses of energy, including mechanical, light, thermal, electrical, and sound energy;

112.16.b.6.b

demonstrate that the flow of electricity in circuits requires a complete path through which an electric current can pass and can produce light, heat, and sound;

112.16.b.6.c

demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels through one medium to another and demonstrate that light can be reflected such as the use of mirrors or other shiny surfaces and refracted such as the appearance of an object when observed through water; and

112.16.b.6.d

design an experiment that tests the effect of force on an object.

112.16.b.7

The student knows Earth's surface is constantly changing and consists of useful resources. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.7.a

explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels;

112.16.b.7.b

recognize how landforms such as deltas, canyons, and sand dunes are the result of changes to Earth's surface by wind, water, and ice;

112.16.b.7.c

identify alternative energy resources such as wind, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal, and biofuels; and

112.16.b.7.d

identify fossils as evidence of past living organisms and the nature of the environments at the time using models.

112.16.b.8

The student knows that there are recognizable patterns in the natural world and among the Sun, Earth, and Moon system. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.8.a

differentiate between weather and climate;

112.16.b.8.b

explain how the Sun and the ocean interact in the water cycle;

112.16.b.8.c

demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours causing the day/night cycle and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky; and

112.16.b.8.d

identify and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon.

112.16.b.9

The student knows that there are relationships, systems, and cycles within environments. The student is expected to:

112.16.b.9.a

observe the way organisms live and survive in their ecosystem by interacting with the living and non-living elements;

112.16.b.9.b

describe how the flow of energy derived from the Sun, used by producers to create their own food, is transferred through a food chain and food web to consumers and decomposers;

112.16.b.9.c

predict the effects of changes in ecosystems caused by living organisms, including humans, such as the overpopulation of grazers or the building of highways; and

112.16.b.9.d

identify the significance of the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle to the survival of plants and animals.

5.1.A

demonstrate safe practices and the use of safety equipment as outlined in Texas Education Agency-approved safety standards during classroom and outdoor investigations using safety equipment, including safety goggles or chemical splash goggles, as appropriate, and gloves, as appropriate

5.1.B

make informed choices in the conservation, disposal, and recycling of materials

5.10.A

compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive in a specific environment such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feet in aquatic animals

5.10.B

differentiate between inherited traits of plants and animals such as spines on a cactus or shape of a beak and learned behaviors such as an animal learning tricks or a child riding a bicycle

5.2.A

describe, plan, and implement simple experimental investigations testing one variable

5.2.B

ask well defined questions, formulate testable hypotheses, and select and use appropriate equipment and technology

5.2.C

collect and record information using detailed observations and accurate measuring

5.2.D

analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct (observable). and indirect (inferred). evidence

5.2.E

demonstrate that repeated investigations may increase the reliability of results

5.2.F

communicate valid conclusions in both written and verbal forms

5.2.G

construct appropriate simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using technology, including computers, to organize, examine, and evaluate information

5.3.A

analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing

5.3.B

draw or develop a model that represents how something that cannot be seen such as the Sun, Earth, and Moon system and formation of sedimentary rock works or looks

5.3.C

connect grade-level appropriate science concepts with the history of science, science careers, and contributions of scientists

5.4.A

collect, record, and analyze information using tools, including calculators, microscopes, cameras, computers, hand lenses, metric rulers, Celsius thermometers, prisms, mirrors, balances, spring scales, graduated cylinders, beakers, hot plates, meter sticks, magnets, collecting nets, and notebooks; timing devices; and materials to support observations of habitats or organisms such as terrariums and aquariums

5.5.A

classify matter based on measurable, testable, and observable physical properties, including mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid, and gas)., relative density (sinking and floating using water as a reference point)., solubility in water, and the ability to conduct or insulate thermal energy or electric energy

5.5.B

demonstrate that some mixtures maintain physical properties of their ingredients such as iron filings and sand and sand and water

5.5.C

identify changes that can occur in the physical properties of the ingredients of solutions such as dissolving salt in water or adding lemon juice to water

5.6.A

explore the uses of energy, including mechanical, light, thermal, electrical, and sound energy

5.6.B

demonstrate that the flow of electricity in closed circuits can produce light, heat, or sound

5.6.C

demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object and is reflected or travels through one medium to another and is refracted

5.6.D

design a simple experimental investigation that tests the effect of force on an object

5.7.A

explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels

5.7.B

recognize how landforms such as deltas, canyons, and sand dunes are the result of changes to Earth's surface by wind, water, or ice

5.8.A

differentiate between weather and climate

5.8.B

explain how the Sun and the ocean interact in the water cycle

5.8.C

demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours causing the day/night cycle and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky

5.8.D

identify and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon

5.9.A

observe the way organisms live and survive in their ecosystem by interacting with the living and nonliving components

5.9.B

describe the flow of energy within a food web, including the roles of the Sun, producers, consumers, and decomposers

5.9.C

predict the effects of changes in ecosystems caused by living organisms, including humans, such as the overpopulation of grazers or the building of highways

5.9.D

identify fossils as evidence of past living organisms and the nature of the environments at the time using models