Georgia English Language Arts Standards of Excellence — Grade 2


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ELAGSE2L1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

ELAGSE2L1a

Use collective nouns (e.g., group).

ELAGSE2L1b

Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish).

ELAGSE2L1c

Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).

ELAGSE2L1d

Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told).

ELAGSE2L1e

Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.

ELAGSE2L1f

Produce, expand, and rearrange complete simple and compound sentences (e.g., The boy watched the movie; The little boy watched the movie; The action movie was watched by the little boy).

ELAGSE2L1g

Create documents with legible handwriting.

ELAGSE2L2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

ELAGSE2L2a

Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.

ELAGSE2L2b

Use commas in greetings and closings of letters

ELAGSE2L2c

Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives

ELAGSE2L2d

Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage badge; boy boil).

ELAGSE2L2e

Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.

ELAGSE2L3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

ELAGSE2L3a

Compare formal and informal uses of English.

ELAGSE2L4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies

ELAGSE2L4a

Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

ELAGSE2L4b

Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix is added to a known word (e.g., happy/unhappy, tell/retell)

ELAGSE2L4c

Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., addition, additional).

ELAGSE2L4d

Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words (e.g., birdhouse, lighthouse, housefly; bookshelf, notebook, bookmark).

ELAGSE2L4e

Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases.

ELAGSE2L5

Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

ELAGSE2L5a

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy)

ELAGSE2L5b

Distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs (e.g., toss, throw, hurl) and closely related adjectives (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny)

ELAGSE2L6

Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy that makes me happy).

ELAGSE2RF3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

ELAGSE2RF3a

Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words

ELAGSE2RF3b

Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams

ELAGSE2RF3c

Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowe

ELAGSE2RF3d

Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes

ELAGSE2RF3e

Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.

ELAGSE2RF4

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

ELAGSE2RF4a

Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.

ELAGSE2RF4b

Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

ELAGSE2RF4c

Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

ELAGSE2RF4d

Read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words

ELAGSE2RI1

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text

ELAGSE2RI10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

ELAGSE2RI2

Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

ELAGSE2RI3

Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.

ELAGSE2RI4

Determine the meanings of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

ELAGSE2RI5

Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently

ELAGSE2RI6

Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.

ELAGSE2RI7

Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.

ELAGSE2RI8

Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text

ELAGSE2RI9

Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.

ELAGSE2RL1

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

ELAGSE2RL10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the ra

ELAGSE2RL2

Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

ELAGSE2RL3

Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

ELAGSE2RL4

Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.

ELAGSE2RL5

Describe the overall structure of a story including describing how the beginning introduces the story, the middle provides major events and challenges, and the ending concludes the action

ELAGSE2RL6

Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

ELAGSE2RL7

Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot

ELAGSE2RL8

(Not applicable to literature).

ELAGSE2RL9

Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.

ELAGSE2SL1

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups

ELAGSE2SL1a

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).

ELAGSE2SL1b

Build on others talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.

ELAGSE2SL1c

Ask for clarification and further explanation as needed about the topics and texts under discussion

ELAGSE2SL2

Recount or describe key ideas or details from written texts read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.

ELAGSE2SL3

Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue.

ELAGSE2SL4

Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.

ELAGSE2SL5

With guidance and support, create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts and feelings

ELAGSE2SL6

Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification. (See grade 2 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

ELAGSE2W1

Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section.

ELAGSE2W2

Write informative/explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section.

ELAGSE2W3

Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure.

ELAGSE2W5

With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.

ELAGSE2W5a

May include prewriting

ELAGSE2W6

With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of tools to produce and publish writing, including digital tools and collaboration with peers.

ELAGSE2W7

Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations)

ELAGSE2W8

Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.