Georgia English Language Arts Standards of Excellence — Grade 4


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ELAGSE4L1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

ELAGSE4L1a

Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why).

ELAGSE4L1b

Form and use the progressive (e.g., I was walking; I am walking; I will be walking) verb aspects

ELAGSE4L1c

Use helping/linking verbs to convey various conditions

ELAGSE4L1d

Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag).

ELAGSE4L1e

Form and use prepositional phrases.*

ELAGSE4L1f

Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting rhetorically poor fragments and run-ons.*

ELAGSE4L1g

Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there, their).*

ELAGSE4L1h

Write legibly in cursive, leaving spaces between letters in a word and between words in a sentence.

ELAGSE4L2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

ELAGSE4L2a

Use correct capitalization

ELAGSE4L2b

Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.

ELAGSE4L2c

Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.

ELAGSE4L2d

Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

ELAGSE4L3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

ELAGSE4L3a

Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.*

ELAGSE4L3b

Choose punctuation for effect.*

ELAGSE4L3c

Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion).

ELAGSE4L4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

ELAGSE4L4a

Use context (e.g., definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

ELAGSE4L4b

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph)

ELAGSE4L4c

Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases

ELAGSE4L5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

ELAGSE4L5a

Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.

ELAGSE4L5b

Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

ELAGSE4L5c

Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).

ELAGSE4L6

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific vocabulary, including words and phrases that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and words and phrases basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).

ELAGSE4RF3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

ELAGSE4RF3a

Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multi-syllabic words in context and out of context.

ELAGSE4RF4

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

ELAGSE4RF4a

Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.

ELAGSE4RF4b

Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings

ELAGSE4RF4c

Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

ELAGSE4RI1

Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

ELAGSE4RI10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

ELAGSE4RI2

Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text

ELAGSE4RI3

Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

ELAGSE4RI4

Determine the meaning of general academic language and domain specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area

ELAGSE4RI5

Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

ELAGSE4RI6

Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided.

ELAGSE4RI7

Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

ELAGSE4RI8

Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

ELAGSE4RI9

Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably

ELAGSE4RL1

Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text

ELAGSE4RL10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

ELAGSE4RL2

Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.

ELAGSE4RL3

Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a characters thoughts, words, or actions).

ELAGSE4RL4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).

ELAGSE4RL5

Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.

ELAGSE4RL6

Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations

ELAGSE4RL7

Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text identifying similarities and differences.

ELAGSE4RL8

(Not applicable to literature).

ELAGSE4RL9

Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

ELAGSE4SL1

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly.

ELAGSE4SL1a

Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.

ELAGSE4SL1b

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.

ELAGSE4SL1c

Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others

ELAGSE4SL1d

Review the key ideas expressed and explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion.

ELAGSE4SL2

Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally

ELAGSE4SL3

Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.

ELAGSE4SL4

Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

ELAGSE4SL5

Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

ELAGSE4SL6

Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation. (See grade 4 Language Standard 1 for specific expectations.)

ELAGSE4W1

Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons.

ELAGSE4W10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

ELAGSE4W1a

Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writers purpose.

ELAGSE4W1b

Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.

ELAGSE4W1c

Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).

ELAGSE4W1d

Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.

ELAGSE4W2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

ELAGSE4W2a

Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

ELAGSE4W2b

Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the top

ELAGSE4W2c

Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases. (e.g., another, for example, also, because)

ELAGSE4W2d

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic

ELAGSE4W2e

Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

ELAGSE4W3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences

ELAGSE4W3a

Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.

ELAGSE4W3b

Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.

ELAGSE4W3c

Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.

ELAGSE4W3d

Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

ELAGSE4W3e

Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

ELAGSE4W4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade Specific expectations for writing types are defined in Standards 13 above.)

ELAGSE4W5

With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language Standards 13 up to and including grade 4.)

ELAGSE4W6

With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting.

ELAGSE4W7

Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

ELAGSE4W8

Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

ELAGSE4W9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

ELAGSE4W9a

Apply grade 4 Reading Standards to literature (e.g., Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., a characters thoughts, words, or actions]).

ELAGSE4W9b

Apply grade 4 Reading Standards to informational texts (e.g., Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text).