Georgia English Language Arts Standards of Excellence — Grade 6


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ELAGSE6L1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

ELAGSE6L1a

Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective, objective, possessive).

ELAGSE6L1b

Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).

ELAGSE6L1c

Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person.*

ELAGSE6L1d

Recognize and correct vague pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear or ambiguous antecedents).*

ELAGSE6L1e

Recognize variations from Standard English in their own and others' writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to improve expression in conventional language

ELAGSE6L2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

ELAGSE6L2a

Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.*

ELAGSE6L3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

ELAGSE6L3a

Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.*

ELAGSE6L3b

Maintain consistency in style and tone.*

ELAGSE6L4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

ELAGSE6L4a

Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

ELAGSE6L4b

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible)

ELAGSE6L4c

Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.

ELAGSE6L4d

Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).

ELAGSE6L5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

ELAGSE6L5a

Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context

ELAGSE6L5b

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand each of the words.

ELAGSE6L5c

Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty).

ELAGSE6L6

Acquire and accurately use grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

ELAGSE6RI1

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

ELAGSE6RI10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

ELAGSE6RI2

Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

ELAGSE6RI3

Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes).

ELAGSE6RI4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.

ELAGSE6RI5

Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.

ELAGSE6RI6

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text

ELAGSE6RI7

Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue.

ELAGSE6RI8

Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.

ELAGSE6RI9

Compare and contrast one authors presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person).

ELAGSE6RL1

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text

ELAGSE6RL10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

ELAGSE6RL2

Determine a theme and/or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

ELAGSE6RL3

Describe how a particular storys or dramas plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves towards a resolution

ELAGSE6RL4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.

ELAGSE6RL5

Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.

ELAGSE6RL6

Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.

ELAGSE6RL7

Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they see and hear when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch.

ELAGSE6RL8

(Not applicable to literature).

ELAGSE6RL9

Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics.

ELAGSE6SL1

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly

ELAGSE6SL1a

Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.

ELAGSE6SL1b

Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.

ELAGSE6SL1c

Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion

ELAGSE6SL1d

Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing.

ELAGSE6SL2

Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study.

ELAGSE6SL3

Delineate a speakers argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.

ELAGSE6SL4

Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

ELAGSE6SL5

Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information

ELAGSE6SL6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 6 Language Standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

ELAGSE6W1

Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

ELAGSE6W10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences

ELAGSE6W1a

Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly

ELAGSE6W1b

Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text

ELAGSE6W1c

Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.

ELAGSE6W1d

Establish and maintain a formal style

ELAGSE6W1e

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented.

ELAGSE6W2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

ELAGSE6W2a

Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

ELAGSE6W2b

Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

ELAGSE6W2c

Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

ELAGSE6W2d

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the top

ELAGSE6W2e

Establish and maintain a formal style

ELAGSE6W2f

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented.

ELAGSE6W3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and wellstructured event sequences.

ELAGSE6W3a

Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically.

ELAGSE6W3b

Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters

ELAGSE6W3c

Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.

ELAGSE6W3d

Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events.

ELAGSE6W3e

Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

ELAGSE6W4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in Standards 13 above.)

ELAGSE6W5

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language Standards 13 up to and including grade 6.)

ELAGSE6W6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

ELAGSE6W7

Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.

ELAGSE6W8

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources.

ELAGSE6W9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

ELAGSE6W9a

Apply grade 6 Reading Standards to literature (e.g., Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics).

ELAGSE6W9b

Apply grade 6 Reading Standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not).