Georgia English Language Arts Standards of Excellence — Grade K


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ELAGSEKL1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

ELAGSEKL1a

Print many upper- and lowercase letters.

ELAGSEKL1b

Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.

ELAGSEKL1c

Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes) when speaking

ELAGSEKL1d

Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).

ELAGSEKL1e

Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).

ELAGSEKL1f

Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.

ELAGSEKL2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing

ELAGSEKL2a

Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

ELAGSEKL2b

Recognize and name end punctuation

ELAGSEKL2c

Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes)

ELAGSEKL2d

Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound letter relationships.

ELAGSEKL4

With guidance and support, determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.

ELAGSEKL4a

Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing duck as a bird and learning the verb to duck)

ELAGSEKL4b

Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.

ELAGSEKL5

With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings

ELAGSEKL5a

Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent

ELAGSEKL5b

Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).*

ELAGSEKL5c

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).

ELAGSEKL5d

Begin to distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.

ELAGSEKL6

Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.

ELAGSEKRF1

Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print

ELAGSEKRF1a

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page-by-page.

ELAGSEKRF1b

Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.

ELAGSEKRF1c

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print

ELAGSEKRF1d

Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

ELAGSEKRF2

Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

ELAGSEKRF2a

Recognize and produce rhyming words

ELAGSEKRF2b

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words

ELAGSEKRF2c

Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

ELAGSEKRF2d

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

ELAGSEKRF2e

Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one syllable words to make new words.

ELAGSEKRF3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words

ELAGSEKRF3a

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one to one letter-sound correspondences for each consonant.

ELAGSEKRF3b

Demonstrate basic knowledge of long and short sounds for the given major vowels

ELAGSEKRF3d

Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

ELAGSEKRF4

Read common high-frequency words by sight. (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does); read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.

ELAGSEKRI1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

ELAGSEKRI10

Actively engage in group reading of informational text with purpose and understanding.

ELAGSEKRI2

With prompting and support, identify the main topic (main idea) and retell key details of a text (supporting details).

ELAGSEKRI3

With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

ELAGSEKRI4

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

ELAGSEKRI5

Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book

ELAGSEKRI6

Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

ELAGSEKRI7

With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text (how the illustrations support the text).

ELAGSEKRI8

With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

ELAGSEKRI9

With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

ELAGSEKRL1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

ELAGSEKRL10

Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

ELAGSEKRL2

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

ELAGSEKRL3

With prompting and support, identify characters,settings, and major events in a story.

ELAGSEKRL4

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

ELAGSEKRL5

Recognize common types of texts(e.g., storybooks, poems).

ELAGSEKRL6

With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story

ELAGSEKRL7

With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story (how illustrations support the text).

ELAGSEKRL8

(Not applicable to literature).

ELAGSEKRL9

With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

ELAGSEKSL1

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

ELAGSEKSL1a

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion)

ELAGSEKSL1b

Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.

ELAGSEKSL2

Confirm understanding of written texts read aloud or information presented orally or through media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.

ELAGSEKSL3

Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.

ELAGSEKSL4

Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.

ELAGSEKSL5

Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.

ELAGSEKSL6

Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly

ELAGSEKW1

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is)

ELAGSEKW2

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

ELAGSEKW3

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.

ELAGSEKW5

With guidance and support from adults, respond to questions and suggestions from peers and add details to strengthen writing as needed.

ELAGSEKW6

With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of tools to produce and publish writing, including digital tools in collaboration with peers.

ELAGSEKW7

With guidance and support, participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them).

ELAGSEKW8

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.