West Virginia Next Generation Content Standards and Objectives for Social Studies — Grade 6

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cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and the origin of the formation.


read and comprehend history/social studies texts at or above grade level text complexity band independently and proficiently.


write arguments focused on a discipline-specific content.


write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments or technical processes.


produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization and style are appropriate to task, purpose and audience.


with some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strenghten writng as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addresseed.


use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationship between information and ideas clearly and effeciently.


conduct short research projects to answer a question ( including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.


gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search time effectively; asses the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.


draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection and research.


write routinely over extended time frames ( time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames ( a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.


determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.


identify key steps in a text's description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill become law, how interest rates are raised or lowered).


determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.


describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively and casually).


identify aspects of a text that reveal an author's point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts).


integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos or maps) with nother information in print and digital texts.


distinguish among facts, opinion and reasoned judgement in a text.


analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.


apply the process of how abill become a law to follow a current legislative bill.


compare and contrast different forms of government worldwide and their influence on historical world events: The Great Depression, World War I, World War II, 9/11.


identify the structure of the United State Congress and the Constitutional requirements of congressional membership.


identify current key figures in United States government: President, Vice President, Speaker of the House, Secretary of State, current members of Congress from West Virginia.


examine and analyze various acts of patriotism and civil discourse in response to events throughout United States history (e.g., support of American military during wartime, Vietnam protests, Civil Rights, respect for the flag and response of Americans to 9/11.


research and organize information about an issue of global concern from multiple points of view (e.g., ecology, natural resources, global waming and human rights).


identify global relief and development organizations and examine how they provide global aide and support (e.g., Red Cross, UNICEF, Doctors without Borders, Engineers without Borders and World Health Organization).


compare and contrast the basic characteristics of communism, socialism and capitalism


identify examples of renewable and non-renewable resources and analyze tha factors that affects these resources on the individual, local and national economies (e.g., hurricanes, floods, etc.).


define NAFTA and summarize its effects on the United States Economy.


compare and contrast government economic policy beginning with the Raegan era through present day (e.g., Raeganomics, the role of GDP in the economy, etc.).


classify and evaluate the different types of world trade organization (e.g., trade, military and health, etc.).


asses the economic impact of technology on world regions throughout history.


identify geographic features that have influenced the safety of the United States and isolate it from conflicts abroad.


compare and contrast historical maps and identify the changes in political boundaries as a result of conflicts.


examine population data from the U.S. Census Bureau and infer the reasons for changes and differences in various areas (e.g., different between rural and urban areas).


determine the time of specific world locations using a world time zone map.


locate the major waterways of North America, South America, Europe and the Middle East and examine their impact on transportation and trade (e.g., discuss how the opening og the Erie Canal contributed to the rise of cities in New York).


explain the key events that led to the outbreak of World War I, including the rise if nationalism, imperialism and militarism.


chart the sequence of events that led to the United States to enter World War I.


analyze the role of propaganda in influencing the United States to enter World War I.


explain the outcomes and effects of World War I including the conditions and failures of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles.


identify the economic conditions around the world that existed following World War I.


examine and categorize causes Of The Great Depression worldwide.


analyze the political response to the economic and social conditions of the Great Depression in the United States and Germany.


summarize the rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy , Japan and the Soviet Union.


examine the political and economic transformation of Western and Eastern Europe after World War II, identifying the significance of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the United Nations, the Warsaw Pact and the European Economic Community.


analyze the role of appeasement and isolationism as an attemp to avoid war.


analyze the role of strong leadership during the war and critique their responses to the conflict.


investigate the role of the United States in world War II.


cite evidence of the deprivation of human rights violations during times of war.


illustrate the US civilian response to the war on the home-front (e.g., 'Rosie the Riveters', victory gardens, rationing, etc.).


cite the evidence of the United States' and Soviet Union's dominance as superpowers following World War II.


outline the US policy of containment and the social effects of this policy


summarize the events of the Cold War (e.g., korean conflict, vietnam, Cuban Missile Crisis and Space Race).


describe the Soviet Union's domination of Eastern Europe, the rise of the communist party in China and the building of the Berlin Wall.


analyze the role of strong leadership in ending the Cold War.


debate the pros and cons in the impact of nuclear power and analyze how it might relate to the issue of atomic weapons.


trace the development of Civil Rights for minority groups in the United States (e.g., women and African Americans).


identify key figures and key events in movements of civil rights.


analyze the role of natural resources in Middle Eastern conflicts.


descbibe the role geo-politics played in historic events.


identify the key figures in Middle Eastern conflicts and investigate the US reaction to these events (e.g., Saddam Hussein, Osam bin Laden, terrorism, 9/11 wars in iraq and Afghanistan).


classify and compare various forms of government through the Age of Imperialism (e.g. democracy, republic, absolute monarchy, constituional monarchy, oligarchy, dictatorship, theocracy, and parliamentary system.)


recognize and examine patriotism and nationalism


compare and contrast the roles, rights, and responsibilities of free men, women, children, slaves and foreigners across time in various civilizations (e.g. ancient civilizations, medieval times, and nation states.)


summarize and give examples of basic economic terms (e.g. barter, supply, demand, trade, interdependence, currency, and scarcity)


differentiate between goods and services


compare the incentives of various countries to explore and settle new lands


trace how the emergence of tradtional economies led to the development of mercantilism and the rise of the middle class


examine and draw conclusions about how the effects of natural and human events influence an economy (e.g. environmental disasters, disease, and war)


research and investiage how natural resources impact the economy


use correct geographic terminology (e.g., absolute and relative location, latitude, longitude, equator, prime meridian, time zones and physical features of the earth) to draw conclusions about information on a variety of maps, graphs and charts.


identify, locate, and draw conclusions about information on a variety maps ( seven continents, bodies of water, countries, cities, climate regions, transportation routes and natural resources


analyze the impact of cultural diffusion on a variety of regions.


examine and summarize the effects of human/environmental interaction.


evaluate the effects of physical geography and the changing nature of the earth's surface on transportation, culture, economic, activities and urban areas.


compare and contrast the geographic factors that contributed to the rise of early civilizations and native cultures (e.g., Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome).


identify the leaders and distinguish the basic principles and philosophies of the major religions as they emerged and expanded.


identify the contributions and influences of ancient civilizations and categorize the factors that led to their fall.


analyze the rise of European nation states and monarchy.


trace the course of the Crucades and the introduction of Asian and African ideas to Europe.


discuss the preservation of the ancient Greek and Roman learning and traditions, architecture and government.


summarize the origins and contributions of the Italian Renaissance and its spread throughout Europe.


identify key figures, causes and events of the Reformation and the Counter Reformation.


summarize the establishment of colonies in Africa, Asia the Americas and Oceania.


examine the development of triangular trade and illustrate its impact on the world.


demonstrate patriotism through the planning, participation and observance of important anniversaries and remembrances.


identify and explain the various types of election in West Virginia


compare and contrast the relationship and function of local, county, state and local government.


evaluate how citizens can influence and participate in government at the local, state and national levels and assume the role of an active citizen participating in the democratic process.


identify, analyze and evaluate the responsibilties, privileges and rights as citizens of the state of West Virginia found in the state and national constitutions.


differentiate between the division of powers and responsibilities for each of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the United States and West Virginia governments and describe the system of checks and balances.


cite the elected officials at the national, state and local levels, the constitutional requirements for election and responsibilities of each office.


explain the ammendment process of the West Virginia Constitution, give example of ammendments and explain their purpose.


predict the outcome of selected proposed bills in a current legislative session and assume the role of a lawmaker in a mock legislature to pass a bill into law.


explain the process of how bill become a law in West Virginia.


analyze the functions and jurisdictions of the federal, state, local and special courts


evaluate West Virginia's role in the global economy as its relates to natursl resources and national/international business and trade.


correlate West Virginia's economic conditions with the effects on its citizens.


analyze the impact of absentee ownership, renewable and nonrenewable natural resources, labor unionization and the development of infrastructure on the economic growth of West Virginia.


research and cite industries and products that are vital to the economy of the four regions of West Virginia both past and present categorize an related occupation.


identify major sources of revenue and their use by state an local governments in West Virginia.


compare and contrast the effects of technological/industrial advances as they relate to economy vs. environment and thier effects on the demographic profile of West Virginia.


label the four major geographic regions, major rivers, landforms, natural/man-made borders points of intersts and bordering states on selected maps.


identify the 55 counties and major cities in West Virginia on a map and explain the reason for the development of the major cities in their respective locations.


investigate climate, landforms, natural resources and population density in West Virginia's geographical regions using special purpose maps and evaluate the impact of people's lives and settlement patterns using Geographical Information System, topographical maps, climate and census maps.


illustrate how technological advances have affected the cultural isolation of West Virginia.


analyze the geographic factors that led to development of agricutural, coal, grass, chemical, metallurgic and tourism industries in West Virginia.


interpret facts about West Virginia from various types of charts, graphs, pictures and models.


provide exact and relative location to explain West Virginia's position on a variety of maps and globes by using correct geographic vocabulary and graphic displays.


identify the nine distinct tourist regions in the state of West Virginia and analyze ehich geographic factors influence each region.


differentiate between the cultures and daily life of the Native Americans.


summarize the history of European explloration and settlement in western Virginia from the first endeavor of John Lederer through the settlement period including Morgan Morgan and other important explorers and settlers.


explain the role of western Virginia in the French and Indian War.


compare and contrast the perspectives and roles of different western Virginians during the American Revolution including those of political leaders, soldiers, patriots, Tories/loyalists, women and Native Americans.


identify the key conflicts, battles and people of the American Revolution in western Virginia and their effects on the area.


summarize events related to the adoption of Virginia's constitutional conventions, the role of western Virginia and its leaders in the Continental Congress, and the ratification of the United States Constitution.


explain the economic and political tensions between the people of western and eastern Virginia including the economic struggles of both groups following the American Revolution and their disagreement over representation.


explain the effect of key events leading to western Virginia's separation from Virginia after secession


describe the moral, ethical and legal tensions that led to the creation of the new state of West Virginia and how these tensions were resolved.


compare and contrast the military strategies to the North and South with regard to the specific events and geographic locations in Wset Virginia


identify significant contributions of men and women of West Virginia during the Civil War and identify thev roles of ethnic and racial minorities.


identify the types of transportation that facilitated the growth of West Virginia.


compare and contrast the West Virginia Constitutions of 1862 and 1872.


summarize the changes that occured in West Virginia agriculture and industry during the late nineteenth century, including changes in family life in various regions and the growth of industry.


explained the significance of increased immigration into the United States in the late nineteenth century to West Virginia, including cultural and economic contributions of immirants, opportunities and struggles experienced by immigrants, increased racial hostility and the veffect of racial and ethnic diversity on national identity.


analyze the evolution of the labor movement in West Virginia.


summarize the progressive reform of West Virginia.


summarize the political, social and economic situation in West Virginia following World War I, including progress in suffrage for women, improvements in daily life in urban/rural areas, Roaring 20's and developments in industry.


explpain the effects of the Great Depression and the lasting impact of New Deal programs on West Virginia, including the Homestead Projects.


summarize the significant aspects of the economic and industrial growth experienced by West Virginia during World War II.


evaluate the sequence and analyze the impact of contemporary social, economic and technological developments on people and culture in West Virginia.


identify the labor/management strategies that have affected West Virginia's economy


explain the economic, social and political impact of twentieth century events on West Virginia.


compile the lists of fairs and festivals in West Virginia that can be attributed to the influence of various cultural groups who have settled in the state, explaining the heritage of the fair or festival and its significance to the preservation of West Virginia history.


analyze the economic, social and political impact of the late twentieth century and twenty-first century events on West Virginia.