Pennsylvania Academic Standards for History — Grade 12


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8.1.12.A.

Evaluate patterns of continuity and rates of change over time, applying context of events.

8.1.12.B.

Evaluate the interpretation of historical events and sources, considering the use of fact versus opinion, multiple perspectives, and cause and effect relationships.

8.1.12.C.

Analyze, synthesize, and integrate historical data, creating a product that supports and appropriately illustrates inferences and conclusions drawn from research. (Reference RWSL Standard 1.8.11 Research)

8.1.C.B.

Analyze the major arguments advanced for different systems of government. (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.B.)

8.1.U.A.

Evaluate patterns of continuity and change over time, applying context of events.

8.1.U.B.

Evaluate the interpretation of historical events and sources, considering the use of fact versus opinion, multiple perspectives, and cause and effect relationships.

8.1.U.C.

Analyze, synthesize and integrate historical data, creating a product that supports and appropriately illustrates inferences and conclusions drawn from research. (Reference RWSL Standard 1.8.11 Research)

8.1.W.A.

Evaluate patterns of continuity and change over time, applying context of events.

8.1.W.B.

Evaluate the interpretation of historical events and sources, considering the use of fact versus opinion, multiple perspectives, and cause and effect relationships.

8.1.W.C.

Construct research on a historical topic using a thesis statement and demonstrate use of appropriate primary and secondary sources. (Reference RWSL Standard 1.8.8 Research)

8.2.12.A.

Evaluate the role groups and individuals from Pennsylvania played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the US and the world.

8.2.12.B.

Evaluate the impact of historical documents, artifacts, and places in Pennsylvania which are critical to U.S. history and the world.

8.2.12.C.

Evaluate continuity and change in Pennsylvania are interrelated to the US and the world. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organizations

8.2.12.D.

Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations in Pennsylvania have influenced the growth and development of the US and the world. Ethnicity and race Working conditions Immigration Military conflict Economic stability

8.2.C.B.

Demonstrate an understanding of how the PA Constitution and the US Constitution co-exist. (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.E.)

8.2.C.C.

Compare and contrast the basic principles and ideals found in significant documents: Pennsylvania Constitution (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.D.)

8.2.U.A.

Evaluate the role groups and individuals from Pennsylvania played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the U.S.

8.2.U.B.

Evaluate the importance of various historical documents, artifacts, and places in Pennsylvania which are critical to U.S.

8.2.U.C.

Evaluate continuity and change in Pennsylvania are interrelated to the U.S. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organizations

8.2.U.D.

Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations in Pennsylvania have influenced the growth and development of the U.S. Ethnicity and race Working conditions Immigration Military conflict Economic stability

8.3.12.A.

Evaluate the role groups and individuals from the U.S. played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the world.

8.3.12.B.

Evaluate the impact of historical documents, artifacts, and places in U.S. history which are critical to world history.

8.3.12.C.

Evaluate how continuity and change in U.S. history are interrelated with the world. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organizations

8.3.12.D.

Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations in the U.S. have influenced the growth and development of the world. Ethnicity and race Working conditions Immigration Military conflict Economic stability

8.3.C.A.

Compare and contrast the politics of various interest groups and evaluate their impact on foreign policy. (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.4.12.E.)

8.3.C.B.

Compare and contrast the basic principles and ideals found in significant documents: Declaration of Independence United States Constitution Bill of Rights (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.D.)

8.3.C.C.

Analyze the principles and ideals that shape United States government. Liberty / Freedom Democracy Justice Equality (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.C.)

8.3.C.D.

Analyze the role political symbols play in civil disobedience and patriotic activities. (Reference Civics and Government standard 5.1.9.F.)

8.3.U.A.

Compare the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the U.S.

8.3.U.B.

Compare the impact of historical documents, artifacts, and places which are critical to the U.S.

8.3.U.C.

Evaluate how continuity and change have impacted the United States. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organizations

8.3.U.D.

Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations have influenced the growth and development of the U.S. Ethnicity and race Working conditions Immigration Military conflict Economic stability

8.4.12.A.

Evaluate the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history

8.4.12.B.

Evaluate the importance of historical documents, artifacts, and sites which are critical to world history.

8.4.12.C.

Evaluate how continuity and change have impacted the world today. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organization

8.4.12.D.

Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations have impacted the development of the world today, including its effects on Pennsylvania.

8.4.C.A.

Evaluate critical issues in various contemporary governments. (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.3.12.J.) Evaluate the effectiveness of various international organizations, both governmental and nongovernmental. (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.4.12.C.)

8.4.C.B.

Compare and contrast the basic principles and ideals found in significant documents: Declaration of Independence United States Constitution (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.9.D.)

8.4.C.C.

Evaluate critical issues in various contemporary governments. (Reference Civics and Government standard 5.3.12.J.) Employ historical examples and political philosophy to evaluate major arguments advanced for the necessity of government. (Reference Civics and Government Standard 5.1.12.B)

8.4.C.D.

Analyze strategies used to resolve conflicts in society and government. (Reference Civics and Government Standards 5.2.9.B.) Evaluate the role of nationalism in uniting and dividing citizens. (Reference Civics and Government Standards: 5.1.12.F.)

8.4.W.A.

Evaluate the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history.

8.4.W.B.

Evaluate the importance of historical documents, artifacts, and sites which are critical to world history.

8.4.W.C.

Evaluate how continuity and change have impacted the world today. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organization

8.4.W.D.

Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations have impacted the development of the world today, including its effects on Pennsylvania.