Louisiana Science Learning Standards — Grade 6


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1.6.PS-M-A1

Measure and record the volume and mass of substances in metric system units

1.MS.SI-M-A1

Generate testable questions about objects, organisms, and events that can be answered through scientific investigation

10.6.PS-M-A7

Identify the average atomic masses of given elements using the periodic table

10.MS.SI-M-A4

Identify the difference between description and explanation

11.6.PS-M-A7

Compare the masses of reactants and products of a chemical reaction

11.MS.SI-M-A4

Construct, use, and interpret appropriate graphical representations to collect, record, and report data (e.g., tables, charts, circle graphs, bar and line graphs, diagrams, scatter plots, symbols)

12.6.PS-M-A8

Determine the effect of particle size of the same reactants on the rate of chemical reactions during a lab activity (e.g., powdered vs. solid forms)

12.MS.SI-M-A4

Use data and information gathered to develop an explanation of experimental results

13.6.PS-M-A9

Use a variety of resources to identify elements and compounds in common substances

13.MS.SI-M-A4

Identify patterns in data to explain natural events

14.6.PS-M-B1

Construct and analyze graphs that represent one-dimensional motion (i.e., motion in a straight line) and predict the future positions and speed of a moving object

14.MS.SI-M-A5

Develop models to illustrate or explain conclusions reached through investigation

15.6.PS-M-B1

Explain why velocity is expressed in both speed and direction

15.MS.SI-M-A5

Identify and explain the limitations of models used to represent the natural world

16.6.PS-M-B1

Compare line graphs of acceleration, constant speed, and deceleration

16.MS.SI-M-A5

Use evidence to make inferences and predict trends

17.6.PS-M-B2

Describe and demonstrate that friction is a force that acts whenever two surfaces or objects move past one another

17.MS.SI-M-A6

Recognize that there may be more than one way to interpret a given set of data, which can result in alternative scientific explanations and predictions

18.6.PS-M-B2

Explain how the resistance of materials affects the rate of electrical flow

18.MS.SI-M-A6

Identify faulty reasoning and statements that misinterpret or are not supported by the evidence

19.6.PS-M-B3

Identify forces acting on all objects

19.MS.SI-M-A7

Communicate ideas in a variety of ways (e.g., symbols, illustrations, graphs, charts, spreadsheets, concept maps, oral and written reports, equations)

2.6. PS-M-A1

Calculate the density of large and small quantities of a variety of substances (e.g., aluminum foil, water, copper, clay, rock)

2.MS.SI-M-A1

Identify problems, factors, and questions that must be considered in a scientific investigation

20.6.PS-M-B4

Draw and label a diagram to represent forces acting on an object

20.MS.SI-M-A7

Write clear, step-by-step instructions that others can follow to carry out procedures or conduct investigations

21.6.PS-M-B4

Determine the magnitude and direction of unbalanced (i.e., net) forces acting on an object

21.MS.SI-M-A7

Distinguish between observations and inferences

22.6.PS-M-B5/PS-M-B3

Demonstrate that an object will remain at rest or move at a constant speed and in a straight line if it is not subjected to an unbalanced force

22.MS.SI-M-A7

Use evidence and observations to explain and communicate the results of investigations

23.6.PS-M-B5

Predict the direction of a force applied to an object and how it will change the speed and direction of the object

23.MS.SI-M-A8

Use relevant safety procedures and equipment to conduct scientific investigations

24.6.PS-M-C1

Describe and give examples of how all forms of energy may be classified as potential or kinetic energy

24.MS.SI-M-A8

Provide appropriate care and utilize safe practices and ethical treatment when animals are involved in scientific field and laboratory research

25.6.PS-M-C1

Compare forms of energy (e.g., light, heat, sound, electrical, nuclear, mechanical)

25.MS.SI-M-B1

Compare and critique scientific investigations

26.6.PS-M-C1

Describe and summarize observations of the transmission, reflection, and absorption of sound, light, and heat energy

26.MS.SI-M-B1

Use and describe alternate methods for investigating different types of testable questions

27.6.PS-M-C2

Explain the relationship between work input and work output by using simple machines

27.MS.SI-M-B1

Recognize that science uses processes that involve a logical and empirical, but flexible, approach to problem solving

28.6.PS-M-C2

Explain the law of conservation of energy

28.MS.SI-M-B2

Recognize that investigations generally begin with a review of the work of others

29.6.PS-M-C2

Compare and/or investigate the relationships among work, power, and efficiency

29.MS.SI-M-B3

Explain how technology can expand the senses and contribute to the increase and/or modification of scientific knowledge

3.6.PS-M-A2

Construct models that replicate atomic structure for selected common elements from the periodic table

3.MS.SI-M-A1

Use a variety of sources to answer questions

30.6.PS-M-C2

Trace energy transformations in a simple system (e.g., flashlight)

30.MS.SI-M-B3

Describe why all questions cannot be answered with present technologies

31.6.PS-M-C3

Compare types of electromagnetic waves

31.MS.SI-M-B3

Recognize that there is an acceptable range of variation in collected data

32.6.PS-M-C4

Identify and illustrate key characteristics of waves (e.g., wavelength, frequency, amplitude)

32.MS.SI-M-B3

Explain the use of statistical methods to confirm the significance of data (e.g., mean, median, mode, range)

33.6.PS-M-C4

Predict the direction in which light will refract when it passes from one transparent material to another (e.g., from air to water, from prism to air)

33.MS.SI-M-B4

Evaluate models, identify problems in design, and make recommendations for improvement

34.6.PS-M-C4

Apply the law of reflection and law of refraction to demonstrate everyday phenomena (e.g., how light is reflected from tinted windows, how light is refracted by cameras, telescopes, eyeglasses)

34.MS.SI-M-B5

Recognize the importance of communication among scientists about investigations in progress and the work of others

35.6.PS-M-C4

Determine through experimentation whether light is reflected, transmitted, and/or absorbed by a given object or material

35.MS.SI-M-B5

Explain how skepticism about accepted scientific explanations (i.e., hypotheses and theories) leads to new understanding

36.6.PS-M-C4

Explain the relationship between an objects color and the wavelength of light reflected or transmitted to the viewers eyes

36.MS.SI-M-B5

Explain why an experiment must be verified through multiple investigations and yield consistent results before the findings are accepted

37.6.PS-M-C5

Compare how heat is transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation

37.MS.SI-M-B5

Critique and analyze their own inquiries and the inquiries of others

38.6.PS-M-C5

Identify conditions under which thermal energy tends to flow from a system of higher energy to a system of lower energy

38.MS.SI-M-B6

Explain that, through the use of scientific processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas

39.6.PS-M-C6

Describe how electricity can be produced from other types of energy (e.g., magnetism, solar, mechanical)

39.MS.SI-M-B7

Identify areas in which technology has changed human lives (e.g., transportation, communication, geographic information systems, DNA fingerprinting)

4.6.PS-M-A3

Differentiate between the physical and chemical properties of selected substances

4.MS.SI-M-A2

Design, predict outcomes, and conduct experiments to answer guiding questions

40.6.PS-M-C7

Identify heat energy gains and losses during exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions

40.MS.SI-M-B7

Evaluate the impact of research on scientific thought, society, and the environment

41.6.PS-M-C8

Identify risks associated with the production and use of coal, petroleum, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy, and other energy forms

42.6.SE-M-A6

Identify energy types from their source to their use and determine if the energy types are renewable, nonrenewable, or inexhaustible

43.6.SE-M-A6

Explain how the use of different energy resources affects the environment and the economy

44.6.SE-M-A6

Explain how an inexhaustible resource can be harnessed for energy production

45.6.SE-M-A6

Describe methods for sustaining renewable resources

46.6.SE-M-A6

Identify ways people can reuse, recycle, and reduce the use of resources to improve and protect the quality of lif

46.6.SE-M-A8

Illustrate how various technologies influence resource use in an ecosystem (e.g., forestry management, soil conservation, fishery improvement)

5.6.PS-M-A3

Compare physical and chemical changes

5.MS.SI-M-A2

Identify independent variables, dependent variables, and variables that should be controlled in designing an experiment

6.6.PS-M-A4

Draw or model the movement of atoms in solid, liquid, and gaseous states

6.MS.SI-M-A3

Select and use appropriate equipment, technology, tools, and metric system units of measurement to make observations

7.6.PS-M-A4

Simulate how atoms and molecules have kinetic energy exhibited by constant motion

7.MS.SI-M-A3

Record observations using methods that complement investigations (e.g., journals, tables, charts)

8.6.PS-M-A5

Determine the temperatures at which water changes physical phases (e.g., freezing point, melting point, boiling point)

8.MS.SI-M-A3

Use consistency and precision in data collection, analysis, and reporting

9.6.PS-M-A6

Describe the properties of reactants and products of chemical reactions observed in the lab

9.MS.SI-M-A3

Use computers and/or calculators to analyze and interpret quantitative data