Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework (2003) — Grade 1

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1 On a map of the United States, locate Washington, D.C. and identify it as the capital of the United States of America; locate Boston and identify it as the capital of Massachusetts. (G)


Identify the current President of the United States, describe what presidents do, and explain that they get their authority from a vote by the people. (H, C)


Identify and explain the meaning of American national symbols. (H, C) A. the American flag B. the bald eagle C. the White House D. the Statue of Liberty


Demonstrate the ability to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, to explain its general meaning, and to sing national songs such as America the Beautiful, My Country, tis of Thee, God Bless America, and The Star Spangled Banner and explain the general meaning of the lyrics. (H, C)


Give reasons for celebrating the events or people commemorated in national and Massachusetts holidays. On a calendar for the current year, identify the months for Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents Day, Patriots Day, Memorial Day, Flag Day, and Independence Day. (H, C, G)


Give reasons for noting the days that mark the changes in seasons. (G)


After reading or listening to folktales, legends, and stories from America (e.g., Johnny Appleseed, Paul Bunyan, Davy Crockett, John Henry, and Annie Oakley) and from around the world (e.g., Anansi, Issun Boshi, the Knee-High Man, Lon Po Po, and Medioa Pollito), describe the main characters and their qualities. (H)


After reading or listening to stories about famous Americans of different ethnic groups, faiths, and historical periods (e.g., Neil Armstrong, Cesar Chavez, Roberto Clemente, Thomas Edison, Bill Gates, Daniel Inouye, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, Colin Powell, Sacagawea, Jonas Salk, Harriett Beecher Stowe, Clarence Thomas, Booker T. Washington, and the Wright Brothers) describe their qualities or distinctive traits. (H, C) Teachers are free to choose whatever biographies they wish.


Explain that Americans have a variety of different religious, community, and family celebrations and customs, and describe celebrations or customs held by members of the class and their families. (H)