Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework — Grade 6


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A.1

On a map of the world, locate the continent of Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Great Rift Valley. On a map of Africa, locate the northern, eastern, western, central, and southern regions of Africa, the Sahara Desert, the Nile River, Lake Victoria, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Cape of Good Hope. (G)

A.2

Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in Africa. (G, E)

A.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major African regions and countries. (G, E) A. absolute and relative locations D. major natural resources B. climate E. population size C. major physical characteristics

A.4

Identify the locations and time periods of the sub-Saharan empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. (H, G)

A.5

Identify when modern African countries became independent nations and explain how independence was achieved. (H, G)

CSA.1

On a map of the world, locate Central and South Asia. On a map of Central and South Asia, locate the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, the Ganges River, the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the Northern Mountains, the Deccan Plateau, the Himalayan Mountains, and the Steppes. (G)

CSA.2

Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities in Central and South Asia. (G, E)

CSA.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major Central and South Asian countries. (G, E)

CSA.4

Identify when India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Central Asian republics first became independent countries and explain how independence was achieved. Explain the relationship of the Central Asian republics to the former Soviet Union. (H, G)

E.1

On a map of the world, locate the continent of Europe. On a map of Europe, locate the Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Norwegian Sea, and Barents Sea. Locate the Volga, Danube, Ural, Rhine, Elbe, Seine, Po, and Thames Rivers. Locate the Alps, Pyrenees, and Balkan Mountains. Locate the countries in the northern, southern, central, eastern, and western regions of Europe.

E.2

Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in Europe. (G)

E.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major European countries (G, E)

NEA.1

On a map of the world, locate North and East Asia, the Pacific Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. On a map of East Asia, locate the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, the Gobi Desert, the Himalayas, and the Huang He (Yellow) and Chang Jiang (Yantgtze) Rivers. On a map of North Asia, locate Siberia and the Yenisey, Lena, and Kolyma rivers. (G)

NEA.2

Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities in the various regions of East Asia. (G, E)

NEA.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major East Asian countries. (G, E)

NEA.4

Identify when Taiwan, North Korea, South Korea, and Mongolia became independent countries and describe how independence was achieved. (G, H)

SAM.1

On a map of the world, locate South America and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. On a map of South America, locate the Amazon, the Andes Mountains, Cape Horn, and the southern, northern, eastern, and western regions of South America. (G)

SAM.2

Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities of South America. (G, E)

SAM.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major South American countries.

SAM.4

Identify when South American countries became independent nations and explain how independence was achieved. (H, G).

SEAO.1

On a map of the world, locate Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica, the major Pacific Islands, the Pacific Ocean, and the Coral Sea. On a map of Southeast Asia and Oceania, locate the Bay of Bengal, the South China Sea, the Great Victoria Desert, and the Great Barrier Reef. (G)

SEAO.2

Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in the various regions of Southeast Asia, Australia, and the major Pacific Islands. (G, E)

SEAO.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major countries of Southeast Asia and Oceania. (G, E)

SEAO.4

Identify when countries in Southeast Asia and Oceania became independent countries and describe how independence was achieved. (G, H)

WA.1

On a map of the world, locate Western Asia, or the Middle East. On a map of the Middle East, locate the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea, Red Sea, Indian Ocean, Arabian Peninsula, and the Persian Gulf. (G)

WA.2

Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in the Middle East. (G, E)

WA.3

Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major Middle Eastern countries. (G, E) A. absolute and relative locations B. climate C. major physical characteristics D. major natural resources E. population size

WA.4

Locate and describe the various ethnic and religious groups of the Middle East. (G, H, C, E)

WA.5

Identify when the countries in the Middle East became independent nations and explain how independence was achieved. (H, G)