Alabama Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 12

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Explain historical and philosophical origins that shaped the government of the United States, including the Magna Carta, the Petition of Rights, the English Bill of Rights, the Mayflower Compact, the Virginia Declaration of Rights, and the influence of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Charles de Montesquieu, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and the Great Awakening.


Comparing characteristics of limited and unlimited governments throughout the world, including constitutional, authoritarian, and totalitarian governments Examples: constitutionalUnited States authoritarianIran totalitarianNorth Korea


Summarize the significance of the First and Second Continental Congresses, the Declaration of Independence, Shays Rebellion, and the Articles of Confederation of 1781 on the writing and ratification of the Constitution of the United States of 1787 and the Bill of Rights of 1791.


Analyze major features of the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights for purposes, organization, functions, and principles, including rule of law, federalism, limited government, popular sovereignty, judicial review, separation of powers, and checks and balances.


Explaining main ideas of the debate over ratification that included the Federalist papers


Analyzing the Bill of Rights for its application to historical and current issues


Outlining the formal process of amending the Constitution of the United States


Compare specific functions, organizations, and purposes of local and state governments, including implementing fiscal and monetary policies, ensuring personal security, and regulating transportation


Analyzing the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 to determine its impact on local funding and campaign funding