Alabama Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 4

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Describe the impact of World War I on Alabamians, including the migration of African Americans from Alabama to the North and West, utilization of Alabamas military installations and training facilities, and increased production of goods for the war effort.


Recognizing Alabama participants in World War I, including Alabamas 167th Regiment of the Rainbow Division


Identifying World War I technologies, including airplanes, machine guns, and chemical warfare


Describe the economic and social impact of World War II on Alabamians, including entry of women into the workforce, increase in job opportunities, rationing, utilization of Alabamas military installations, military recruitment, the draft, and a rise in racial consciousness.


Recognizing Alabama participants in World War II, including the Tuskegee Airmen and women in the military


Justifying the strategic placement of military bases in Alabama, including Redstone Arsenal, Fort Rucker, Fort McClellan, and Craig Air Force Base


Determine the impact of population growth on cities, major road systems, demographics, natural resources, and the natural environment of Alabama during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.


Describing how technological advancements brought change to Alabamians, including the telephone; refrigerator; automobile; television; and wireless, Internet, and space technologies


Relating Alabamas economy to the influence of foreign-based industry, including the automobile industry


Compare historical and current economic, political, and geographic information about Alabama on thematic maps, including weather and climate, physical-relief, waterway, transportation, political, economic development, land-use, and population maps.


Describing types of migrations as they affect the environment, agriculture, economic development, and population changes in Alabama


Analyze the modern Civil Rights Movement to determine the social, political, and economic impact on Alabama.


Recognizing important persons of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr.; George C. Wallace; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis; Malcolm X; Thurgood Marshall; Hugo Black; and Ralph David Abernathy


Describing events of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, the Freedom Riders bus bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March


Rights Act of 1965, and Brown versus Board of Education Supreme Court case of 1954


Using vocabulary associated with the modern Civil Rights Movement, including discrimination, prejudice, segregation, integration, suffrage, and rights


Relate reasons for European exploration and settlement in Alabama to the impact of European explorers on trade, health, and land expansion in Alabama.


Locating on maps European settlements in early Alabama, including Fort Cond, Fort Toulouse, and Fort Mims


Tracing on maps and globes, the routes of early explorers of the New World, including Juan Ponce de Len, Hernando de Soto, and Vasco Nez de Balboa


Explaining reasons for conflicts between Europeans and American Indians in Alabama from 1519 to 1840, including differing beliefs regarding land ownership, religion, and culture


Explain the social, political, and economic impact of the War of 1812, including battles and significant leaders of the Creek War, on Alabama. Examples: socialadoption of European culture by American Indians, opening of Alabama land for settlement politicalforced relocation of American Indians, labeling of Andrew Jackson as a hero and propelling him toward Presidency economicacquisition of tribal land in Alabama by the United States


Explaining the impact of the Trail of Tears on Alabama American Indians lives, rights, and territories


Describe cultural, economic, and political aspects of the lifestyles of early nineteenth-century farmers, plantation owners, slaves, and townspeople. Examples: culturalhousing, education, religion, recreation economictransportation, means of support politicalinequity of legal codes


Describing major areas of agricultural production in Alabama, including the Black Belt and fertile river valleys


Explain the impact the 1920s and Great Depression had on different socioeconomic groups in Alabama. Examples: 1920sincrease in availability of electricity, employment opportunities, wages, products, consumption of goods and services; overproduction of goods; stock market crash Great Depressionover cropping of land, unemployment, poverty, establishment of new federal programs


Explaining how supply and demand impacted economies of Alabama and the United States during the 1920s and the Great Depression


Explain Alabamas economic and military role during the Civil War. Examples: economicproduction of iron products, munitions, textiles, and ships militaryprovision of military supplies through the Port of Mobile, provision of an armament center at Selma


Recognizing military leaders from Alabama during the Civil War


Comparing roles of women on the home front and the battlefront during and after the Civil War


Explaining economic conditions as a result of the Civil War, including the collapse of the economic structure, destruction of the transportation infrastructure, and high casualty rates


Analyze social and educational changes during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries for their impact on Alabama. Examples: socialimplementation of the Plessey versus Ferguson separate but not equal court decision, birth of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) educationalestablishment of normal schools and land grant colleges such as Huntsville Normal School (Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical [A&M] University), Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama (Auburn University), Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (Tuskegee University), Lincoln Normal School (Alabama State University)


Explaining the development and changing role of industry, trade, and agriculture in Alabama during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, including the rise of Populism


Explaining the Jim Crow laws


Identifying Alabamians who made contributions in the fields of science, education, the arts, politics, and business during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries


Explain reasons for Alabamas secession from the Union, including sectionalism, slavery, states rights, and economic disagreements.


Identifying Alabamas role in the organization of the Confederacy, including hosting the secession convention and the inauguration ceremony for leaders


Recognizing Montgomery as the first capital of the Confederacy


Interpreting the Articles of the Confederation and the Gettysburg Address


Analyze political and economic issues facing Alabama during Reconstruction for their impact on various social groups. Examples: politicalmilitary rule, presence of Freedmens Bureau, Alabamas readmittance to the Union economicsharecropping, tenant farming, scarcity of goods and money


Interpreting the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States


Identifying African Americans who had an impact on Alabama during Reconstruction in Alabama


Identifying major political parties in Alabama during Reconstruction


Relate the relationship of the five geographic regions of Alabama to the movement of Alabama settlers during the early nineteenth century.


Identifying natural resources of Alabama during the early nineteenth century


Describing human environments of Alabama as they relate to settlement during the early nineteenth century, including housing, roads, and place names


Describe Alabamas entry into statehood and establishment of its three branches of government and the constitutions.


Explaining political and geographic reasons for changes in location of Alabamas state capital


Recognizing roles of prominent political leaders during early statehood in Alabama, including William Wyatt Bibb, Thomas Bibb, Israel Pickens, William Rufus King, and John W. Walker


Identify major world events that influenced Alabama since 1950, including the Korean Conflict, the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the Persian Gulf War, and the War on Terrorism.