Maryland Social Studies Standards — Grade 5


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SS.5.1.A.1.a

Describe how the European policies affected the interactions of explorers and colonists with Native Americans, such as the French and Indian War

SS.5.1.A.1.b

Explain and clarify how Europe's philosophies and policies affected the political structure of the early American Colonies

SS.5.1.A.1.c

Identify and summarize how democratic principles, such as rule of law, limited government, consent of the governed, popular sovereignty, representative democracy, and the limitation of power influenced our founding documents

SS.5.1.A.1.d

Trace the development of early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the early colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings

SS.5.1.A.2.a

Explain and report on the early examples of self-government, such as the Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses

SS.5.1.A.2.b

Analyze the successes and failures in meeting the challenges of governing under Articles of Confederation

SS.5.1.A.2.c

Explain the significance of principles in the development of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Preamble, U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights

SS.5.1.A.2.d

Describe the three branches of government and their individual powers and responsibilities, such as separation of powers and checks and balances

SS.5.1.A.3.a

Identify the effect that regional interests and perspectives had on shaping government policy, and compare such as middling class v. gentry, plantation owners v. proprietors

SS.5.1.A.3.b

Analyze how geographic information influenced the formation of policy, such as the Proclamation of 1763

SS.5.1.B.1.a

Examine the contributions of people associated with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and the framing of the Constitution, such as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and George Washington

SS.5.1.B.1.b

Examine how the federalists and anti-federalist perspectives influenced government

SS.5.1.B.2.a

Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions

SS.5.1.B.2.b

Compare ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering

SS.5.1.C.1.a

Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important

SS.5.1.C.1.b

Describe the power and responsibility of the Supreme Court including the power of judicial review

SS.5.1.C.2.a

Explain the balance between providing for the common good and protecting individual rights

SS.5.1.C.2.b

Analyze how government needs to provide more protection and order during times of crisis, such as the natural disasters and threats to national security

SS.5.1.C.3.a

Describe the due process protections in the Bill of Rights

SS.5.2.A.1.a

Describe how environment and location influenced the cultures and lifestyle

SS.5.2.A.1.b

Define the social, political, and religious components of the early colonies

SS.5.2.A.1.c

Analyze the religious beliefs of early settlers, the motives for migration and the difficulties they encountered in early settlements

SS.5.2.B.1.a

Compare perspectives of Native American, Africans, and the European explorers

SS.5.2.B.1.b

Describe how cultures changed as a result of Native American, African, and European interaction

SS.5.2.B.2.a

Analyze how the influx of immigrants led to economic growth and cultural diversity

SS.5.2.B.2.b

Provide examples of how the interactions of various groups resulted in the borrowing and sharing of traditions and technology

SS.5.2.C.1.a

Analyze how conflict affected relationships among individuals and groups, such as early settlers and Native Americans, free and enslaved people

SS.5.2.C.1.b

Provide the examples of conflicts and compromises among differing groups of people during the Constitutional Convention

SS.5.3.A.1.a

Use map elements to interpret and construct a variety of maps

SS.5.3.A.1.b

Use a globe and a variety of maps, atlases to identify natural/physical features of colonial settlements

SS.5.3.A.1.c

Use photographs, maps, and drawings to describe geographic characteristics

SS.5.3.A.1.d

Compare geographic locations and geographic characteristics of colonial settlements, such as, Jamestown, Plymouth, Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, and New York City

SS.5.3.B.1.a

Compare the natural/physical and human characteristics of the three colonial regions:New England,Middle,Southern

SS.5.3.B.1.b

Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region changed from early settlements through the colonial period

SS.5.3.B.1.c

Explain how geographic characteristics affect how people live and work, and the population distribution of a place or region

SS.5.3.C.1.a

Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Colonial America

SS.5.3.C.1.b

Analyze the consequences of migration between the colonies and immigration to the colonies, such as Europeans and Africans immigrating to the east coast of the United States

SS.5.3.C.1.c

Explain the importance of shipping and trading to the economic development of the colonies, such as Triangular Trade

SS.5.3.D.1.a

Compare ways Native American societies used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter

SS.5.3.D.1.b

Describe ways that colonists in the New England, Middle and Southern regions adapted to and modified the environment, such as the uses of the grist mill, water wheels and plantation farming

SS.5.3.D.1.c

Explain how colonists adapted to and modified their environments and how these modifications sometimes created environmental problems

SS.5.4.A.1.a

Identify the opportunity cost of economic decisions, such as whether or not to buy products on which British taxes were imposed

SS.5.4.A.2.a

Describe how limited resources and unlimited economic wants caused colonists to choose certain goods and services

SS.5.4.A.2.b

Describe how available resources affected specialization and trade

SS.5.4.A.2.c

Analyze how changing from a British colony to an independent nation affected economic resources, production, and economic wants

SS.5.4.A.3.a

Explain how the development of new products and new technologies affected the way people lived

SS.5.4.A.3.b

Examine how technology has changed production such as wheat/grist mills

SS.5.4.A.4.a

Analyze examples of regional specialization and how it contributed to economic growth through the colonies

SS.5.4.A.4.b

Explain specialization and interdependence using the triangular trade routes

SS.5.4.B.1.a

Identify examples of tradition, such as the economic roles of men and women

SS.5.4.B.1.b

Describe examples of command decisions, such as the imposition of the Stamp Act and the Tea Act

SS.5.4.B.1.c

Analyze a market economy and give examples of how the colonial economy exhibited these characteristics such as private ownership and consumer choice

SS.5.4.B.2.a

Explain how colonists were forced to change their purchasing habits based on the scarcity of goods imposed by taxes

SS.5.4.B.2.b

Evaluate the trade-offs of British protectionism

SS.5.4.B.3.a

Compare the benefits of a money economy to a barter economy

SS.5.5.A.1.a

Describe the origin, destination and goals of the North American explorers

SS.5.5.A.1.b

Evaluate the results of the interactions between European explorers and native peoples

SS.5.5.A.2.a

Describe the major settlements in Roanoke, St. Augustine and Jamestown

SS.5.5.A.2.b

Analyze how key historical events impacted Native American societies

SS.5.5.B.2.a

Describe the religious, political and economic motives of individuals who migrated to North America and the difficulties they encountered

SS.5.5.B.2.b

Compare the political, economic and social lives of people in New England, Middle and the Southern colonies

SS.5.5.B.2.c

Analyze the different roles and viewpoints of individuals and groups, such as women, men, free and enslaved Africans, and Native Americans during the Revolutionary period

SS.5.5.C.1.a

Identify and sequence key events between the French and Indian War and the American Revolution

SS.5.5.C.1.b

Examine the viewpoints of Patriots and Loyalists regarding British colonial policy after the Seven Years' War

SS.5.5.C.2.a

Analyze how the revolution altered colonial and national governments

SS.5.5.C.2.b

Describe individual freedoms that resulted from the formation of an independent nation

SS.5.6

Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using disciplinary and inquiry literacies.