Maryland Social Studies Standards — Grade 6


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SS.6.1.A.1.a

Identify and compare forms of government and various distributions of power, such as those found in ancient civilizations, dynastic China, absolute and constitutional monarchies

SS.6.1.A.1.b

Summarize the positions taken on government by political philosophers from early civilizations through the Middle Ages

SS.6.1.A.2.a

Examine and report on the roots of democratic principles in World History, such as Sumerian written law, Hammurabi's Code, Greek city-states, Roman Republicanism, and the British Constitution (Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights)

SS.6.1.A.2.b

Examine the decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies

SS.6.1.A.3.a

Describe the conflict between the church and the state in the formation and implementation of policy

SS.6.1.A.3.b

Analyze perspectives regarding issues in a feudal society, such as the church leaders v. lords of the manor, joining the Crusades, the growth of trade

SS.6.1.B.1.a

Compare methods used in early world history to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts

SS.6.1.B.1.b

Examine the role of citizens in Greek city-states and the Roman Republic/Empire

SS.6.1.B.1.c

Examine how religion shaped and influenced government policy

SS.6.1.B.2.a

Analyze the usefulness of various sources of information used to make political decisions

SS.6.1.B.2.b

Explain why common people did not have a voice in ancient civilizations

SS.6.1.C.1.a

Describe the importance of citizenship in ancient Rome and Greece

SS.6.1.C.1.b

Describe the significance of Hammurabi's Code and how it defined rights of citizens

SS.6.1.C.2.a

Explain how the Roman Republic and the rule of the Senate affected individuals and groups

SS.6.1.C.2.b

Compare power and authority of rulers in Ancient Egypt, India, Persia and China v. the protection of citizens in Greek city-states

SS.6.1.C.2.c

Examine the balance between providing for the common good of the manor v. the rights of the individual serfs

SS.6.2.A.1.a

Describe how location and environment influenced early world cultures

SS.6.2.A.1.b

Describe and compare elements of culture such as art, music, religion, government, social structure, education, values, beliefs and customs, from civilizations in early world history

SS.6.2.A.1.c

Describe the social, political, and religious character of societies in early world history

SS.6.2.B.1.a

Identify cultural groups within a region in early world history

SS.6.2.B.1.b

Describe factors that resulted in cultural diffusion, such as trade, conflict and migration

SS.6.2.B.1.c

Describe interactions that promoted or failed to promote relationships between groups, civilizations, empires, and nations

SS.6.2.B.2.a

Examine the practices and beliefs of world religions and philosophies including monotheism and polytheism

SS.6.2.B.2.b

Describe the impact of various religions on a civilization, such as its effect on political, economic and social systems

SS.6.2.C.1.a

Examine the causes and effects of social, economic, and political conflict such as the Crusades

SS.6.2.C.1.b

Describe the impact of trade and migration on the exchange of ideas and beliefs

SS.6.3.A.1.a

Use maps to compare geographic locations of civilizations from world history to:Mesopotamia,Africa including Egypt Nubia/Kush and Sub-Saharan Africa,Indus River Valley,Northern China,Greeks and Romans,Mesoamerican, such as the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs

SS.6.3.A.1.b

Use photographs and thematic maps, to identify and describe physical and human characteristics of early civilizations

SS.6.3.B.1.a

Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement

SS.6.3.B.1.b

Explain how physical characteristics of a place influenced human activities, such as agriculture, transportation, art and architecture and economic activity in the ancient world

SS.6.3.B.1.c

Explain how human perceptions of and interactions with the environment changed over time in due to technologies, such as road building, dam construction, and agricultural improvements

SS.6.3.C.1.a

Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, and political reasons

SS.6.3.C.1.b

Explain how the development of transportation and communication networks influenced the movement of people, goods and ideas from place to place, such as trade routes in Africa, Asia and Europe, and the spread of Islam

SS.6.3.C.1.c

Describe how economic systems and cultural diffusion help to shape patterns of human settlement and interaction

SS.6.3.D.1.a

Describe ways people modified their environment to meet their needs, such as cultivating lands, building roads, dams, and aqueducts

SS.6.3.D.1.b

Analyze how people in early world history perceived and reacted to environmental concerns, such as flooding, drought, and depletion of natural resources and evaluate the consequences of those actions

SS.6.4.A.1.a

Identify opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals and groups such as the decision to engage in trade

SS.6.4.A.2.a

Identify ways people have used resources to meet economic wants such as domesticating agriculture

SS.6.4.A.2.b

Describe how available resources affected specialization and trade

SS.6.4.A.3.a

Give examples of how technology changed consumption and provided greater access to goods and services

SS.6.4.A.3.b

Examine why technology has changed production such as the development of the printing press

SS.6.4.A.4.a

Analyze examples of regional specialization that resulted from economic resources, such as silk production, bronze casting and terraced farming

SS.6.4.A.4.b

Describe the effects of agricultural surplus and job specialization on the emergence of early towns and cities in various parts of the world

SS.6.4.A.4.c

Identify African and Eurasian trade routes to explain how surplus goods and regional specialization resulted in economic interdependence

SS.6.4.B.1.a

Describe how various early world societies answer the basic question of what, how, and for whom to produce

SS.6.4.B.1.b

Describe examples of tradition in economies such as the economic roles of men and women in tribal societies

SS.6.4.B.1.c

Describe examples of command in economies, such as the feudal system

SS.6.4.B.2.a

Explain how the growth and management of towns, guilds, and the banking system were affected by technology and agriculture

SS.6.4.B.2.b

Analyze how the guild system addressed changes in the economy, such as dictating price and production

SS.6.4.B.3.a

Explain how societies used mediums of exchange to facilitate trade and help their economies grow

SS.6.5.A.1.a

Describe characteristics and innovations of hunting and gathering societies, such as nomadic lifestyles, inventors of tools, adaptation to animal migration and vegetation cycles and the shift from food gathering to food-producing activities

SS.6.5.A.1.b

Explain how and why towns and cities grew from early human settlements, including the need for security and government

SS.6.5.A.2.a

Describe and trace the development of political and social structures of the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs

SS.6.5.B.1.a

Describe the characteristics of a civilization, such as social hierarchy, government, writing system, specialization in an area of trade and the establishment of cities

SS.6.5.B.1.b

Compare major cultural, political and economic achievements of river valley civilizations, such as the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley, the Huang River Valley, the Indus River Valley and the Nile River Valley including Egypt, Nubia and Kush

SS.6.5.B.2.a

Describe the major cultural achievements of the Greek civilization, such as art, science, political systems, and philosophy across time

SS.6.5.B.2.b

Explain the emergence, rise and decline of the Greek city-states

SS.6.5.B.3.a

Describe the major achievements of the Roman Era, such as legal, artistic, architectural, technological, and literary

SS.6.5.B.3.b

Explain the transition from Roman Republic to Roman Empire including the social structure, significance of citizenship and the development of political institutions

SS.6.5.B.3.c

Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire

SS.6.5.B.4.a

Describe the causes and consequences of the unification of China under early imperial dynasties, such as the Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang

SS.6.5.B.4.b

Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Confucianism and Taoism in the context of early Chinese imperial dynasties

SS.6.5.B.4.c

Analyze China's cultural, political and economic influence on Japan, Korea, and countries in Southeast Asia

SS.6.5.B.5.a

Describe the contributions of major African monarchies, cities, and trade networks, such as Ghana, Mali and Songhai

SS.6.5.B.5.b

Analyze the cultural and economic impact of African regional and worldwide trade routes

SS.6.5.B.5.c

Summarize the factors that led to the decline of the African empires

SS.6.5.C.1.a

Describe how interactions promoted or failed to promote development, such as the Fertile Crescent Empire, Greek city-states, and Latin Empires

SS.6.5.C.1.b

Analyze the causes of the rise and fall, expansion and contraction of political entities and nation-states

SS.6.5.C.2.a

Describe the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Buddhism

SS.6.5.C.2.b

Explain the major traditions, customs and beliefs of Hinduism and its political and social impact on India

SS.6.5.C.3.a

Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Islam

SS.6.5.C.3.b

Describe causes and consequences of the expansion of Islam into other regions, such as Southwest Asia, Southeast Asia, North Africa, Europe and India

SS.6.5.C.4.a

Analyze the major traditions, customs, and beliefs of Christianity

SS.6.5.C.4.b

Explain the origins and consequences of the Black Death during the 14th century, such as a population decrease, a decline in trade, the elimination of the social order and the decline of religious power

SS.6.5.C.4.c

Analyze the characteristics of the development and decline of feudalism and the emergence of monarchies

SS.6.5.C.4.d

Describe the causes, consequences and cultural diffusion that resulted from the Crusades, such as the increase in Mediterranean trade and the exchange of knowledge and ideas

SS.6.6

Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using disciplinary and inquiry literacies.