Idaho State Standards for Science (2016) — Grade 4

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Explain that a system consists of an organized group of related objects that form a whole.


Make and record observations then analyze and communicate the collected data


Define observations and inferences


Make, describe and/or use models.


Describe how changes occur and can be measured


Measure in both U.S. Customary and International System of Measurement (metric system) units.


Explain the relationship between shape and use


Write questions that can be answered by conducting scientific tests


Conduct scientific tests


Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather and display data


Use data to construct a reasonable explanation.


Make predictions based on data.


Analyze alternative explanations


Communicate the results of tests to others in multiple formats.


Analyze and follow multi-step instructions


Use instruments to measure properties


Describe the physical properties of solids, liquids, and gases


Explain the changes caused by heating and cooling materials.


Analyze and communicate the adaptations of plants and animals to their environment


Describe the difference between vertebrate and invertebrate animals


Classify the five groups of vertebrates (mammal, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish) based on characteristics


Compare and contrast the basic components of our solar system (planets, sun, moon, asteroids, comets, meteors).


Explain the effect of gravity on orbits and objects.


Explain the effect of moons gravity on Earths tides


Identify tools used for space exploration and for scientific investigations.

4.S.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

4.S.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanations

4.S.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

4.S.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

4.S.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

4.S.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

4.S.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

4.S.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

4.S.Goal 2.1

Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions

4.S.Goal 2.2

Understand Concepts of Motion and Forces

4.S.Goal 2.3

Understand the Total Energy in the Universe is Constant

4.S.Goal 2.4

Understand the Structure of Atoms

4.S.Goal 2.5

Understand Chemical Reactions

4.S.Goal 3.1

Understand the Theory of Biological Evolution

4.S.Goal 3.2

Understand the Relationship between Matter and Energy in Living Systems

4.S.Goal 3.3

Understand the Cell is the Basis of Form and Function for All Living Things

4.S.Goal 4.1

Understand Scientific Theories of Origin and Subsequent Changes in the Universe and Earth Systems

4.S.Goal 4.2

Understand Geo-chemical Cycles and Energy in the Earth System

4.S.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

4.S.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

4.S.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them