Maine Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 10

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Develop research questions related to a current social studies issue.


Select and apply research methods that are appropriate for the purpose of the inquiry.


Make judgments about conflicting findings from different sources, incorporating those from sources that are valid and refuting others.


Synthesize information from varied sources, fieldwork, experiments, and/or interviews that reflect multiple perspectives.


Utilize media relevant to audience and purpose that extend and support oral, written, and visual communication.


Create and present a coherent set of findings that integrate paraphrasing, quotations, and citations.


Develop a clear well -supported position.


Present and defend a well supported position to a variety of audiences using a prescribed format.


Select and use appropriate tools, methods, and sources from government, history, geography, economics, or related fields, including ethical reasoning skills.


Access and present information ethically and legally.


Analyze geographic features that have impacted unity and diversity in the United States and other nations and describe their effects.


Analyze the dynamic relationship between geographic features and various cultures, including the cultures of Maine and other Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and other cultures in the world.


Explain that history includes the study of the past based on the examination of a variety of primary and secondary sources and how history can help one better understand and make informed decisions about the present and future.


Analyze and critique major historical eras, major enduring themes, turning points, events, consequences, and people in the history of the United States and world and the implications for the present and future.


Trace and critique the roots and evolution of democratic ideals and constitutional principles in the history of the United States and the world using historical sources.


Analyze and critique varying interpretations of historic people, issues, or events, and explain how evidence is used to support different interpretations.


Identify and critique issues characterized by unity and diversity in the history of the United States and other nations, and describe their effects.


Identify and analyze major turning points and events in the history of Native Americans and various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and other cultures in the world.


Make a real or simulated decision related to the classroom, school, community, civic organization, Maine, United States, or international entity by applying appropriate and relevant social studies knowledge and skills, including research skills, ethical reasoning skills, and other relevant information.


Students select, plan, and implement a civic action or service learning project based on a community, school, State, national, or international asset or need, and evaluate the projects effectiveness and civic contribution.


Explain that the study of government includes the structures, functions, institutions, and forms of government and the relationship of government to citizens in the United States and in other regions of the world.


Evaluate current issues by applying democratic ideals and constitutional principles of government in the United States, including checks and balances, federalism, and consent of the governed as put forth in founding documents.


Explain how and why democratic institutions and interpretations of democratic ideals and constitutional principles change over time.


Describe the purpose, structures, and processes of the American political system.


Compare the American political system with examples of political systems from other parts of the world.


Explain the relationship between constitutional and legal rights, and civic duties and responsibilities in a constitutional democracy.


Evaluate the relationship between the government and the individual as evident in the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and landmark court cases.


Analyze the constitutional principles and the roles of the citizen and the government in major laws or cases.


Compare the rights, duties, and responsibilities of United States Citizens with those of citizens from other nations.


Evaluate how people influence government and work for the common good including voting, writing to legislators, performing community service, and engaging in civil disobedience.


Analyze the constitutional, political, and civic aspects of historical and/or current issues that involve unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and other nations.


Analyze the political structures, political power, and political perspectives of diverse cultures, including those of Maine and other Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine and the United States, and those of various world cultures.


Explain that the study of economics includes the analysis and description of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services by business, and is the basis of individual personal finance management including saving and investing.


Explain and analyze the role of financial institutions, the stock market, and government, including fiscal, monetary, and trade policies, in personal, business, and national economics.


Evaluate different forms of money management, and the positive and negative impacts that credit can have on individual finances, using economic reasoning.


Identify and explain various economic indicators and how they represent and influence economic activity.


Analyze economic activities and policies in relationship to freedom, efficiency, equity, security, growth, and sustainability.


Explain and apply the concepts of specialization, economic interdependence, and comparative advantage.


Solve problems using the theory of supply and demand.


Analyze the role of regional, international, and global organizations that are engaged in economic development.


Compare a variety of economic systems and the economic development of Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world that are economically diverse.


Analyze wealth, poverty, resource distribution, and other economic factors of diverse cultures, including Maine and other Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine and the United States, and various world cultures.


Explain that geography includes the study of physical, environmental, and cultural features at the local, state, national, and global levels and helps people to better predict and evaluate consequences of geographic influences.


Describe the major regions of the Earth and their major physical, environmental, and cultural features using a variety of geographic tools.


Analyze local, national, and global geographic data on physical, environmental, and cultural processes that shape and change places and regions.


Evaluate the impact of change, including technological change, on the physical and cultural environment.


Develop individual and collaborative decisions/plans by considering multiple points of view, weighing pros and cons, building on the ideas of others, and sharing information in an attempt to sway the opinions of others.