Kentucky Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 4

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Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.


Students can accurately describe various forms of government and analyze issues that relate to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy.


the government of Kentucky was formed to establish order, provide security and accomplish common goals. the Constitution


the Constitution of Kentucky establishes a government of limited powers that are shared among different levels and branches.


all citizens of Kentucky have rights and responsibilities as members of a democratic society, including civic participation.


fundamental values and principles of American representative democracy are expressed in Kentuckys Constitution.


Students observe, analyze, and interpret human behaviors, social groupings, and institutions to better understand people and the relationships among individuals and among groups.


Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world.


culture is a system of beliefs, knowledge, institutions, customs/traditions, languages and skills shared by a group of people. Through a societys culture, individuals learn the relationships, structures, patterns and processes to be members of the society.


cultures develop social institutions (e.g., government, economy, education, religion, family) to structure society, influence behavior and respond to human needs.


interactions among individuals and groups assume various forms (e.g., compromise, cooperation, conflict, competition) and are influenced by culture


a variety of factors promote cultural diversity in the state of Kentucky.


an appreciation of the diverse complexity of cultures is essential to interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many diverse ethnic and cultural groups of today.


Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily living.


the basic economic problem confronting individuals and groups in Kentucky today is scarcity; as a result of scarcity, economic choices and decisions must be made.


a variety of fundamental economic concepts impact individuals and groups.


economic institutions are created to help individuals, groups and businesses accomplish common goals.


markets enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services.


production and distribution of goods and services have changed over time in Kentucky.


individuals, groups and businesses demonstrate interdependence as they make economic decisions about the use of resources (e.g., natural, human, capital) in the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.


Students recognize and understand the relationship between people and geography and apply their knowledge in real-life situations.


the use of geographic tools (e.g., maps, globes, charts, graphs) and mental maps help interpret information, understand and analyze patterns, spatial data and geographic issues.


patterns emerge as humans move, settle and interact on Earths surface and can be identified by examining the location of physical and human characteristics, how they are arranged and why they are in particular locations. Economic, political, cultural and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, interdependence, cooperation and conflict.


regions help us to see Earth as an integrated system of places and features organized by such principles as landform types, political units, economic patterns and cultural groups.


people depend on, adapt to, or modify the environment to meet basic needs. Human actions modified the physical environment and in turn, the physical environment limited and/or promoted human activities in the settlement of Kentucky.


Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.


history is an account of human activities that is interpretive in nature and a variety of tools (e.g., primary and secondary sources) are needed to analyze and understand historical events.


the history of Kentucky can be analyzed by examining the connected events shaped by multiple cause effect relationships, tying past to present.


the history of Kentucky has been impacted by significant individuals, groups and advances in technology.