Oklahoma Academic Standards for the Social Studies (2014) — Grade 7

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Cite specific geographic information to support analysis from primary and secondary sources located in texts, documents, newspapers, magazines, journals, political cartoons, and online news sources.


Integrate visual information, draw conclusions, and make predictions from geographic data and analyze spatial distribution and patterns by interpreting that data as displayed on globes, graphs, charts, satellite and other forms of visual imagery including data from bar and line graphs, pie charts, thematic maps, population pyramids, climagraphs, cartagrams, contour/relief maps, GIS systems, and diagrams.


Apply the concepts of scale, distance, direction, relative location, absolute location, and latitude and longitude.


Integrate visual information and apply the skill of mental mapping of the political and physical features of Earths surface and to organize information about people, places, and environments.


Conduct short research projects by investigating contemporary events and issues from political, economic, social, and geographic perspectives.


Commemorate Celebrate Freedom Week by recognizing the sacrifices and contributions to American freedom by veterans and by reciting the social contract selection from the Declaration of Independence: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.


Integrate visual information in order to describe specific political regions of the Eastern Hemisphere, and identify on a political map the major urban areas and countries including


Europe London/United Kingdom, Paris/France, Rome/Italy, Berlin/Germany, and Moscow/Russia,


Southwest Asia Mecca/Saudi Arabia, Jerusalem/ Israel, Tehran/Iran, Beirut/Lebanon, and Baghdad/Iraq,


South Asia Mumbai/India, Pakistan, Afghanistan,


East and Southeast Asia Beijing/China, Seoul/South Korea, Tokyo/Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Malaysia,


Africa Cairo/Egypt, Nairobi/Kenya, South Africa, Libya, Sudan, and Nigeria, and


Oceania Australia and New Zealand


Integrate visual information in order to describe the characteristics and relative location of physical and cultural regions of the Eastern Hemisphere including


Physical Regions 1) Sub-Saharan savannas and rainforests, 2) Pacific Ring of Fire, 3) Rhine-Danube industrial corridor, and 4) The Himalayan Mountain Range.


Cultural Regions 1) The Sahels and Saharas nomadic peoples, 2) Jerusalems religious significance to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and 3) The cultural hearths of the Nile, Indus, Ganges, Hwang He River Valleys, and Mesopotamia.


Explain and summarize how common physical or human characteristics can link as well as divide regions including


Extensive inland waterway systems of natural rivers and manmade canals that link European trading centers,


Ural Mountains that physically divide Europe from Asia,


Sahara Desert that physically and culturally divides North Africa from Sub-Sahara Africa,


Multiple languages, religion, and the legacy of the caste system in India that present barriers to cultural unity, and


Cultural differences resulting in civil war and genocide in Darfur and Rwanda.


Cite specific textual and visual evidence to analyze reasons for conflict and cooperation among groups, societies, countries, and regions of the Eastern Hemisphere and the involvement of multinational organizations of the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization including


Multinational peace-keeping efforts to stabilize Arab Israeli relations,


Roots of disputes between India and Pakistan resulting in the threat of conventional war and nuclear war,


Impact of multiple ethnic groups on Nigerian political stability,


Coordination of currency and free trade zones created by the European Union,


Humanitarian relief efforts by the United Nations to address hunger in Africa, and


The struggle for and achievement of civil liberties and economic opportunities in South Africas post apartheid era.


Explain and summarize how and why regions change over time through physical and human processes which operate to modify Earths surface including the


Cultural diffusion brought about by North Africas location central to trade across multiple continents,


Impact of overgrazing and drought leading to desertification in the Sahel,


Results of the Green Revolution in Central Asia, and


Effects of abundant oil supplies in the Persian Gulf region.


Integrate visual information to identify on a physical map and describe the major landforms and bodies of water including


Landforms the Iberian, Scandinavian, and Indochina Peninsulas; the Urals, Pyrenees, Alps, and Himalayan Mountain Ranges; the Sahara, Kalahari, and Gobi Deserts; and the Great Rift Valley.


Bodies of water Danube, Volga, Nile, Congo, Niger, Tigris, Euphrates, Indus, Ganges, and Yangtze Rivers; Mediterranean, Arabian and North Seas; Persian Gulf; Bay of Bengal; Strait of Gibraltar; Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific, and the Southern Oceans.


Analyze from multiple perspectives the impact of natural disasters on human populations resulting in forced migration, scarcity of consumer goods, and loss of employment including


The impact of plate tectonics resulting in earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions on human and physical systems bordering the Pacific Ring of Fire,


Frequent drought of northern Africa and Southwest Asia that creates stress on humans and wildlife,


The impact of monsoon patterns and typhoon activity on agriculture and loss of life in South Asia, and


Regular flooding of Chinas rivers resulting in the accumulation of loess.


Compare and contrast the common cultural traits including language, ethnic heritage, social systems, religions, and traditions and how cultural diffusion impacts societies.


Describe the worlds major religions including Buddhism, Christianity, Daoism, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism including the geographic origins, major beliefs, and customs of the six major world religions and the significance of religion in contemporary societies.


Integrate visual information to analyze data used by geographers to measure the human characteristics used to define developed versus developing countries including literacy rates, life expectancy, infant mortality rate, Gross National Product (GNP), and per capita income.


Compare and contrast the market and command economic systems and how governments affect economic activities in such systems including


Economic reforms in China that are moving China from a command system toward a market system,


The economic advantages and disadvantages of Swedens mixed market system,


The economic prosperity generated by Japans market system, and


The economic development limitations of North Koreas command economic system.


Compare and contrast the major political systems of representative governments (democracy, republic, and constitutional monarchy) and authoritarian systems (dictatorship and absolute monarchy) including the role of the citizen in the selection of government officials, lawmaking, and the liberties guaranteed under different forms of government.


The symbolic role of the British crown in comparison to the absolute authority of the monarchy of Saudi Arabia.


The transformation of the former Soviet Union from an authoritarian system to the limited representative democracy of Russia.


Integrate visual information to explain patterns of global economic interdependence and world trade focusing on the concepts of imports and exports, supply and demand, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and balance of trade including


The European Unions single currency and open single market that link economies and governments,


The relative isolation of Japan and the United Kingdom that require extensive trade patterns for natural resources and markets,


Outsourcing of technological and manufacturing jobs to developing regions of Asia, and


Control over production and supply of global oil reserves as exercised by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).


Evaluate and summarize the impact of geography on population location, growth, change and density and on the availability of resources, settlement patterns, and migration including the


Impact of push and pull factors on the rural migration to overcrowded urban centers in India,


Challenges of under-population on the labor market in developed nations of Europe,


Changing face of European cultures as a result of recent patterns of immigration, and


Impact of Chinas one-child policy on population growth and culture.


Cite specific textual and visual evidence to describe the relationship between the distribution of major renewable and nonrenewable resources and evaluate how the three levels of economic activities (primary, secondary, and tertiary) contribute to the development of a country or region including the


Abundant energy resources driving Chinas rapid development,


Reserves of valuable minerals responsible for South Africas economic growth,


Accessibility of coal and iron reserves contributing to steel industries of western Europe and Russia, and


Value of North Sea petroleum reserves to developed nations economies.


Evaluate the effects of human modification of and adaptation to the natural environment including the


Deforestation of Indonesias rainforests,


Creation of living space through the drainage of seawater and the system of dikes in the Netherlands,


Transformation of arid lands of the Arabian Peninsula through introduction of western irrigation methods,


Use of terrace farming and double-cropping as solutions to food needs of East Asia, and


Benefits and dangers of nuclear power generation as exemplified by the environmental disaster at Chernobyl


Integrate visual information to analyze regional problems and policies having spatial dimensions in the Eastern Hemisphere including the


Management of the Aral Seas water resources,


Impact of economic development on Russias Arctic regions, and


Transformation of the environment and population centers caused by the construction of the Three Gorges Dam in China.


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.


Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.


Identify key steps in a texts description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered).


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.


Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).


Identify aspects of a text that reveal an authors point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts).


Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.


Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.


Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.


By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/ social studies texts in the grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently.


Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.


Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.


Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.


Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.


Establish and maintain a formal style.


Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.


Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historic events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.


Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.


Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.


Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.


Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.


Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.


Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.


Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.


With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.


Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.


Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.


Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.


Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research.


Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.