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Click on any standard to search for aligned resources. This data may be subject to copyright. You may download a CSV of the Australian Curriculum Standards (ACARA) if your intention constitutes fair use.

Based on the ACARA curriculum.

Plan, assess, and analyze learning aligned to these standards using
Kiddom.

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Seeking assistance and asking for clarification in social and academic contexts, negotiating meaning and re-establishing communication, using home language or dialect to clarify understanding (ACEEA001)

Using intelligible pronunciation, intonation, stress and rhythm at word and phrase level in texts, for example, interviews and role plays (ACEEA002)

Understanding non-verbal cues as related to SAE contexts; for example, conventions of eye contact, gesture, physical space/distance (ACEEA003)

Understanding and using some common cultural references, idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms, and culturally accepted politeness conventions and protocols in different contexts (ACEEA004)

Using active listening strategies and working collaboratively with others. (ACEEA005)

Describing linguistic and structural features of a range of more complex text types including literary and transactional texts (ACEEA007)

Distinguishing between fact and opinion, main ideas and supporting details presented in texts (ACEEA008)

Defining common cultural references and implied meanings in texts (ACEEA009)

Locating suitable information sources, skimming for general meanings and scanning for specific information, note-taking, summarising, paraphrasing and using graphic organisers to collect and collate information (ACEEA010)

Using a range of reference texts such as bilingual dictionaries to assist language learning and comprehension (ACEEA011)

Using strategies to reflect on and consolidate own learning. (ACEEA012)

Describing how different purposes and contexts influence language choices and meaning (ACEEA013)

Explaining how language is used to influence or persuade an audience or to express appreciation of an object, a process or a performance (ACEEA014)

Describing the effect of register, style and tone on meaning (ACEEA015)

Explaining the effects of descriptive language and imagery in texts (ACEEA016)

Analysing how language reflects cultural constructions of groupings or ideas such as age, gender, race and identity (ACEEA017)

Describing the forms and conventions of texts created in different modes and mediums including visual texts (ACEEA018) describing similarities in and differences between texts (ACEEA019)

Using metalanguage to discuss texts and their composition. (ACEEA020)

Using appropriate structure and content to communicate ideas and opinions for different purposes and audiences (ACEEA021)

Using digital, multimodal and print-based technologies (ACEEA022)

Using common language features, for example, subject specific vocabulary, synonyms and antonyms, adjectives and adverbs used to create modality, some nominalisation, common collocations and idioms (ACEEA023)

Using description, characterisation, and direct and indirect speech (ACEEA024)

Using cohesive devices at sentence, paragraph and whole text level (ACEEA025)

Using research skills and strategies, for example, note-taking and note-making, summaries, paraphrasing and graphic organisers to collect and collate information, quoting and referencing appropriately (ACEEA026)

Using strategies for planning, rehearsing, editing and refining, including monitoring and correcting spelling, grammar and punctuation, and the use of dictionaries. (ACEEA027)

Initiating, sustaining and concluding interactions in a range of familiar and unfamiliar contexts (ACEEA028)

Using intelligible pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation at word, phrase and sentence level (ACEEA029)

Understanding and using non-verbal cues in a range of formal and informal contexts (ACEEA030)

Understanding common cultural references, conceptual metaphors and connotations (ACEEA031)

Experimenting with register and tone to create rapport (ACEEA032)

Organising and presenting spoken information appropriate to audience and purpose (ACEEA033)

Listening, reading and viewing for specific purposes and content. (ACEEA034)

Describing and classifying the form, medium and subject matter of texts (ACEEA035)

Describing and explaining characters, settings, plots and sub-plots, themes and narrative point(s) of view in literary texts (ACEEA036)

Explaining ideas, issues and arguments presented in non-fiction texts (ACEEA037)

Interpreting cultural references and implied meanings in texts (ACEEA038)

Locating, selecting and evaluating information sources and synthesising information from these sources (ACEEA039)

Using a range of reference texts (including bilingual dictionaries) to assist interpretation and explanation of ideas. (ACEEA040)

Describing how the selection of text structures and language features can influence an audience (ACEEA041)

Explaining overt and implicit assumptions made in texts, for example, as seen in editorial opinions and stereotypes in advertising (ACEEA042)

Explaining the effects of shifts in register, style and tone (ACEEA043)

Analysing how point of view shapes audience response (ACEEA044)

Explaining the visual features of texts and interpreting graphic representations of data (ACEEA046)

Using language to express judgement of an object, a process, or a performance (ACEEA047)

Using metalanguage to express personal and critical responses to texts. (ACEEA048)

Using different types of texts to present ideas and opinions for different purposes and audiences in a range of digital, multimodal and print-based technologies (ACEEA049)

Using subject-specific vocabulary, nominalisation, and nouns and verbs used to create modality, collocations, idioms and figurative language (ACEEA050)

Using persuasive, descriptive and emotive language as appropriate (ACEEA052)

Using research skills and strategies, for example, notes, summaries and graphic organisers to collect, collate and evaluate information, appropriate paraphrasing, quotation, in-text citation and end-of-text referencing (ACEEA054)

Using strategies for planning, rehearsing, editing and refining, including monitoring and correcting spelling, grammar and punctuation, and the use of dictionaries. (ACEEA055)

Participating in a range of oral interactions such as rehearsed and impromptu classroom dialogues (for example, debates, discussions, role plays) (ACEEA056)

Using pausing, stress, rhythm, pitch and intonation to emphasise meaning (ACEEA057)

Using non-verbal cues to create rapport in a range of situations (ACEEA058)

Using cultural references, idioms and colloquialisms (ACEEA059)

Selecting and sustaining register and tone to suit different purposes, contexts and audiences. (ACEEA060)

Comparing and contrasting texts from different cultures and times, and discussing their purposes and effects (ACEEA061)

Distinguishing between and evaluating facts and opinions presented in texts (ACEEA062)

Examining how narrative point(s) of view are used to convey ideas, attitudes and values in literary texts and how arguments are presented in non-fiction texts (ACEEA063)

Explaining cultural beliefs and assumptions reflected in texts (ACEEA064)

Framing research questions to direct inquiry and synthesising information from multiple sources, including literary and nonliterary texts (ACEEA065)

Reflecting on and analysing how language choices have influenced audience response. (ACEEA066)

Evaluating the effect of persuasive techniques, for example, rhetorical devices (ACEEA068)

Explaining the effects of literary and humorous techniques; for example, figurative language, rhythm and rhyme, and dramatic irony (ACEEA069)

Analysing the relationships between words, images and compositional aspects of texts that have visual elements (ACEEA070)

Analysing how language forms and conventions used in different modes and mediums influence audiences (ACEEA072)

Using language to express a personal evaluation of an object, a process or a performance (ACEEA073)

Using a range of genres and digital, multimodal and print-based technologies (ACEEA075)

Using different sentence structures and forms suited to purpose, audience and subject (ACEEA077)

Using modality (including modality in a hypothetical past), nominalised language and discourse markers (ACEEA078)

Using sources such as reference texts, graphs, data and environmental texts to present a sustained and logical argument,

And using appropriate paraphrasing, quotation, in-text citation and end-of-text referencing (ACEEA079)

Using strategies for assessing the relevance, reliability and validity of sources (ACEEA080)

Using strategies for planning, synthesising, rehearsing, editing and refining, including monitoring and correcting spelling, grammar and punctuation, and the use of dictionaries and thesauruses. (ACEEA081)

Participating in and managing collaborative discussions and presentations in a range of contexts, for example debates and seminars (ACEEA082)

Using pausing, stress, rhythm, pitch and intonation for particular effects (ACEEA083)

Using a range of non-verbal cues to complement and enhance meaning (ACEEA084)

Using devices such as understatement, exaggeration and stereotyping (ACEEA085)

Modulating register and tone to achieve specific purposes and effects. (ACEEA086)

Comparing and contrasting texts in different forms and mediums, their purposes and effects, and the values, attitudes and biases reflected in these texts (ACEEA087)

Analysing connotations and figurative language, for example, metaphors, imagery and personification (ACEEA088)

Evaluating how audience response to ideas and issues is manipulated (ACEEA090)

Integrating ideas and information from a range of literary and reference texts using direct and indirect quotation (ACEEA091)

Reflecting on and evaluating personal interpretations and those of others. (ACEEA092)

Analysing and explaining how changes in context create changes in meaning (ACEEA093)

Analysing how audiences are positioned in texts and how texts present different perspectives on personal, social and historical issues (ACEEA094)

Analysing how culturally based representations of concepts such as knowledge or authority are conveyed (ACEEA095)

Evaluating the manipulation of text structures and language features for different purposes (ACEEA096)

Analysing and using elements of appraisal in texts to convey attitudes and opinions and evaluate the effectiveness of texts. (ACEEA097)

Using a range of types of texts and digital, multimodal and print-based technologies (ACEEA098)

Using language appropriate to the context, including imaginative, persuasive and rhetorical forms and features (ACEEA099)

Using stylistic and grammatical choices for effect, including complex lexical elements, modality in the past conditional and subject-specific language forms and features (ACEEA100)

Using culturally specific phrases, idioms, collocations and references (ACEEA101)

Using a range of research sources and methods, for example, interviews, surveys or questionnaires (ACEEA102)

Using accurate attribution of knowledge and appropriate referencing (ACEEA103)

Using strategies for planning, rehearsing, editing and refining, including monitoring and correcting spelling, grammar and punctuation, and the use of dictionaries and thesauruses. (ACEEA104)

Communicating needs and ideas to others using visual cues or home language or dialect (ACEEA105)

Repeating modelled pronunciation and intonation, patterns of words, phrases, simple clauses, and sentences (ACEEA106)

Engaging in group work to promote language learning (ACEEA107)

Understanding common cultural gestures and behaviours used by SAE speakers; for example, nods, eye contact, and nonverbal behaviour such as turn-taking and the distance deemed appropriate when engaging in conversation. (ACEEA108)

Using visual information and home language or dialect to support understanding (ACEEA109)

Identifying characters and settings presented in stories (ACEEA110)

Keeping charts or lists to organise or classify new vocabulary and knowledge (ACEEA111)

Identifying familiar vocabulary and morphemes, and using these to determine meaning from texts (ACEEA113)

Using dictionaries, picture dictionaries and bilingual resources to understand texts. (ACEEA114)

Understanding the purpose of the various forms of communication (ACEEA115)

Using visual cues to predict subject matter and content in literary texts (ACEEA116)

Knowing that language choices can influence the success of communication (ACEEA117)

Identifying how language and imagery can change according to context (ACEEA118)

Articulating different ways that texts can be interpreted. (ACEEA119)

Using some written and oral text forms and grammatical structures, including the linear sequencing of events through the use of simple sentences, conjunctions, punctuation and paragraphs (ACEEA120)

Using simple first-person recounts and descriptions (ACEEA121)

Using teacher editing and conferencing including editing for word order, articles, prepositions and simple tenses. (ACEEA125)

Communicating ideas orally, digitally and in writing; rewording for understanding and asking for clarification or repetition; using home language or dialect (ACEEA126)

Independently approximating the pronunciation, intonation and stress of words and phrases (ACEEA127)

Collaborating to produce short texts that present facts, a point of view or opinion (ACEEA128)

Using rules of politeness in SAE for everyday situations, for example, through acknowledging the speaker when being spoken to, interacting with a range of participants, entering and exiting conversations, making email contact or using protocols in social situations such as visiting or dining. (ACEEA129)

Interpreting non-verbal cues and intonation to guess the meaning in unfamiliar situations (ACEEA130)

Identifying and describing characters, settings and events presented in stories (ACEEA131)

Identifying essential information from a range of familiar texts (ACEEA133)

Using known vocabulary and familiar text structures to find information (ACEEA135)

Using modelled research skills and strategies to find information. (ACEEA136)

Identifying the way information in texts has been ordered and structured (ACEEA137)

Identifying and explaining text structures and language features used in literary texts (ACEEA138)

Understanding and explaining how information may be included in or excluded from texts to achieve a purpose (ACEEA140)

Identifying the persuasive nature of simple text types (ACEEA141)

Understanding how there can be nuances in familiar, commonly used words. (ACEEA142)

Using simple written and oral text forms, punctuation and grammatical structures including graphic representations of information (ACEEA143)

Using a growing range of technologies and mediums (ACEEA145)

Using simple comparative language, and reference items such as referential and demonstrative pronouns (ACEEA146)

Using modal adjectives and adverbs, for example, always, never, sometimes, often (ACEEA147)

Using simple strategies for planning and editing. (ACEEA151)

Communicating ideas and opinions in a growing range of situations and rephrasing when meaning is unclear (ACEEA152)

Using intelligible pronunciation and intonation of words and phrases (ACEEA153)

Collaborating as a way to solve problems or to create texts (ACEEA154)

Adopting expected listening behaviours in some unfamiliar situations (ACEEA155)

Interacting and using forms of address appropriately in familiar and classroom contexts (ACEEA156)

Demonstrating some understanding of common idiomatic and colloquial expressions. (ACEEA157)

Drawing on background knowledge or contextual cues to guess the meaning of unknown words (ACEEA158)

Translating from home language or dialect to SAE (ACEEA159)

Describing characters and settings presented in literary texts and recounting plot details (ACEEA160)

Using a range of strategies, such as retrieval charts or note-taking, to extract accurate information from a growing variety of texts (ACEEA161)

Identifying and responding to the main ideas in a range of familiar texts (ACEEA162)

Identifying emotive language and sociocultural references in a growing range of situations (ACEEA163)

Identifying and explaining common cultural references, idiomatic language and simple colloquialisms (ACEEA164)

Employing ICT and investigative strategies to locate information from other sources. (ACEEA165)

Articulating the purposes of a growing range of text types, including academic texts (ACEEA166)

Identifying dialogue, and first-person and third-person narration used in literary texts (ACEEA167)

Identifying common differences in lexis and grammar between spoken and written language in familiar texts (ACEEA168)

Understanding cultural variations in the use of language in everyday activities and relationships such as family, leisure activities or attitudes (ACEEA169)

Identifying common variations of language and structure across different mediums. (ACEEA170)

Using appropriate form, content and style for a range of common purposes and audiences (ACEEA171)

Using a growing range of fonts and layouts for effect (ACEEA173)

Using modal auxiliaries such as will, would, can, should, might (ACEEA176)

Using description, imagery and an awareness of characterisation (ACEEA177)

Using cohesive devices at paragraph level, including anaphoric and cataphoric reference, referential pronouns and common conjunctions (ACEEA178)

Using a growing range of strategies for planning and refining work, including editing for correct simple tenses, common punctuation, and a variety of simple and compound sentences. (ACEEA179)

Interacting with others in oral, written and digital forms in a range of contexts (ACEEA180)

Using intelligible pronunciation, intonation and stress of words and phrases (ACEEA181)

Seeking assistance and clarification in a range of contexts (ACEEA182)

Initiating, sustaining and ending communication in a range of familiar, some unfamiliar and academic contexts (ACEEA184)

Using some common idiomatic and colloquial expressions appropriate for the context of communication. (ACEEA185)

Using knowledge of text structure to locate information and to aid understanding of increasingly unfamiliar texts (ACEEA186)

Identifying and discussing values and attitudes presented in literary texts (ACEEA187)

Adopting efficient forms of recording and collating information for a growing range of contexts (ACEEA188)

Identifying and describing the main ideas and some supporting details in a range of familiar and some unfamiliar texts (ACEEA189)

Identifying reference items and their role in creating cohesive texts (ACEEA190)

Identifying and explaining common metaphors, symbols and sociocultural references in texts. (ACEEA191)

Explaining the purposes and structures of different types of texts (ACEEA192)

Identifying and describing text structures and language features used in a variety of texts, including some literary texts (ACEEA193)

Identifying shifts in lexis and grammar between spoken and written language in a growing range of contexts (ACEEA194)

Explaining how meaning changes with shifts in tone and register (ACEEA195)

Identifying and describing how cultural variations in values and beliefs, for example, respect or honour, and the concepts of community and society, are represented by language. (ACEEA196)

Using appropriate form, content and style for a range of common, and some unfamiliar, purposes and audiences (ACEEA197)

Using imaginative and descriptive language and growing control over direct and indirect speech (ACEEA200)

Using a range of common cohesive devices at sentence, paragraph and whole-text level such as referencing, lexical chains and conjunctions (ACEEA201)

Using strategies for planning and refining work such as editing for consistent use of common punctuation. (ACEEA204)

Using structural and language features, for example, visual and aural cues to identify main ideas, supporting arguments and evidence (ACEEE001)

How social, community and workplace texts are constructed for particular purposes, audiences and contexts (ACEEE005)

The ways text structures and language features are used to influence audiences, for example, image selection in websites,

Emotive language in speeches or films, stereotypes in video games and vocabulary choices in advertisements (ACEEE006)

The use of narrative features, for example, point of view in film, fiction and video games. (ACEEE007)

Locating and extracting information and ideas from texts, for example, skim reading for general sense and scanning for key information (ACEEE008)

Understanding how texts are structured to organise information, for example, hyperlinks, chapter headings and indexes (ACEEE009)

Using strategies and tools for collecting and processing information, for example, graphic organisers and spreadsheets. (ACEEE010)

Using appropriate language, content and mode for different purposes and audiences, for example, in everyday, social, community or workplace contexts (ACEEE011)

Using text structures and language features to communicate ideas and information in a range of mediums and digital technologies, for example, explaining workplace procedures, using navigation bars to create a web page, and developing a characters back story (ACEEE012)

Developing appropriate vocabulary and using accurate spelling, punctuation and grammar (ACEEE013)

Using strategies for planning, recording sources of information and proofreading. (ACEEE014)

Interpreting structural and language features and aural and visual cues used in texts (ACEEE015)

Making inferences from content, text structures and language features (ACEEE016)

Identifying similarities and differences between own response to texts and responses of others. (ACEEE018)

The ways in which main ideas, values and supporting details are represented in social, community and workplace texts (ACEEE019)

The effects of mediums, types of texts and text structures on audiences, for example, pop-ups on websites, flashbacks in films and intonation in speeches (ACEEE020)

The use of language features such as tone, register and style to influence responses, for example, character monologues in film, fiction and video games. (ACEEE021)

Locating and selecting information from a range of sources (ACEEE022)

Identifying the relevance and usefulness of each source (ACEEE023)

Using different strategies for finding information such as taking notes to summarise and/or paraphrase information. (ACEEE024)

Using persuasive, visual and literary techniques to engage audiences in a range of modes, mediums and contexts (ACEEE025)

Selecting text structures, language features and visual techniques to communicate and represent ideas and information (ACEEE026)

Developing appropriate vocabulary and using accurate spelling, punctuation and grammar (ACEEE027)

Using strategies for planning, drafting and proofreading, and appropriate referencing. (ACEEE028)

Distinguishing different points of view about the main ideas in texts (ACEEE029)

Identifying facts, opinions, supporting evidence and bias (ACEEE030)

Understanding the way attitudes and values are represented (ACEEE031)

Explaining shifts in intonation and point of view, identifying the effect of language choices on an audience. (ACEEE032)

The relationships between context, purpose, and audience, and the impact on meaning in social, community and workplace texts (ACEEE033)

Use of mediums, types of texts, text structures and language features; for example, the selective use of fact, evidence and opinion in newspaper reports, the use of statistics and graphs in advertisements, choice of colour and font-style in websites and use of questioning strategies and tone of voice in interviews (ACEEE034)

The use of narrative techniques; for example, characterisation and dialogue in novels and film, avatars in multiplayer video games and first person narrator. (ACEEE035)

Gathering different points of view, for example, through interviews, surveys, questionnaires, library and/or internet resources (ACEEE036)

Using personal voice and adopting different points of view to influence audiences in a range of mediums and digital technologies (ACEEE039)

Selecting text structures, language features, and visual techniques to communicate and represent ideas and information for different contexts and purposes; for example, writing diary entries of real or imagined people, creating interactive websites, participating in workplace role plays and scripting fictional dialogues (ACEEE040)

Developing appropriate vocabulary and using accurate spelling, punctuation and grammar (ACEEE041)

Using strategies for planning, drafting, revising, editing and proofreading, and appropriate referencing. (ACEEE042)

Analysing issues and ideas represented in a range of texts and explaining points of view and implications (ACEEE043)

Explaining how texts use language to appeal to the beliefs, attitudes and values of an audience (ACEEE045)

Reflecting on the way ideas and information are presented in texts. (ACEEE046)

The representation of community, local or global issues in social, community, workplace or literary texts (ACEEE047)

The use of mediums, types of texts, text structures and language features; for example, subjective and objective reporting in feature articles and current affairs programs, appeals to reason and emotion in persuasive texts and juxtaposition of images in websites (ACEEE048)

How some points of view are privileged while others are marginalised or silenced; for example, the unreliable narrator in fiction and film, the antagonists in drama and video games or the presentation of only one point of view in a news story. (ACEEE049)

Investigating and synthesising ideas and information from a range of source material (ACEEE050)

Determining the relevance of source material to the context and topic (ACEEE051)

Employing ethical research practices such as acknowledging sources, and avoiding plagiarism and collusion. (ACEEE052)

Expressing a logical point of view about an idea, issue or event in a range of mediums and digital technologies (ACEEE053)

Integrating text structures, language features and visual techniques to engage and persuade audiences; for example, creating a multimedia advertising campaign, presenting a PowerPoint report, writing and illustrating a picture book and recording a radio talkback program (ACEEE054)

Developing appropriate vocabulary and using accurate spelling, punctuation and grammar (ACEEE055)

Using an effective editing processes and appropriate referencing in the presentation of work. (ACEEE056)

Explaining how texts are created in and for different contexts (ACEEN001)

Analysing how language choices are made for different purposes and in different contexts using appropriate metalanguage; for example, personification, voice-over, flashback, salience (ACEEN002)

Evaluating the choice of mode and medium in shaping the response of audiences, including digital texts. (ACEEN003)

Explaining the ways language features, text structures and conventions communicate ideas and points of view (ACEEN004)

Explaining the ways text structures, language features and stylistic choices are used in different types of texts (ACEEN005)

Analysing how vocabulary, idiom and rhetoric are used for different purposes and contexts (ACEEN006)

Evaluating the impact of description and imagery, including figurative language, and still and moving images in digital and multimodal texts. (ACEEN007)

Purpose, taking into account that a texts purpose is often open to debate (ACEEN008)

The use of imaginative, persuasive and interpretive techniques. (ACEEN010)

Using appropriate form, content, style and tone for different purposes and audiences in real and imagined contexts (ACEEN011)

Drawing on a range of technologies in, for example, research, communication and representation of ideas (ACEEN012)

Combining visual, spoken and written elements where appropriate (ACEEN013)

Using appropriate quotation and referencing protocols (ACEEN015)

Using strategies for planning, drafting, editing and proofreading (ACEEN016)

Using accurate spelling, punctuation, syntax and metalanguage. (ACEEN017)

Analysing textual evidence to assess the purpose and context of texts (ACEEN018)

Investigating the impact and uses of imaginative, interpretive and persuasive texts. (ACEEN020)

Explaining the relationship between purpose and context (ACEEN021)

Analysing the style and structure of texts including digital texts (ACEEN022)

Evaluating similarities and differences between hybrid texts, for example, infotainment, product placement in movies, hypertext fiction. (ACEEN023)

Analysing the ways language features, text structures and stylistic choices shape points of view and influence audiences (ACEEN024)

Evaluating the effects of rhetorical devices, for example, emphasis, emotive language and imagery in the construction of argument (ACEEN025)

Analysing the effects of using multimodal and digital conventions such as navigation, sound and image (ACEEN026)

Analysing how attitude and mood are created, for example, through the use of humour in satire and parody. (ACEEN027)

The impact of language and structural choices on shaping own and others perspectives (ACEEN028)

The ways ideas, attitudes and voices are represented, for example, how events are reported differently in the media (ACEEN029)

The interplay between imaginative, persuasive and interpretive techniques, for example, how anecdotes are used in speeches to amuse, inform or influence, or the use of characteristation in advertising (ACEEN030)

Analysing changing responses to texts over time and in different cultural contexts. (ACEEN031)

Using imaginative, interpretive and persuasive elements for different purposes, contexts and audiences (ACEEN032)

Experimenting with text structures, language features and multimodal devices (ACEEN033)

Selecting and applying appropriate textual evidence to support arguments (ACEEN035)

Using strategies for planning, drafting, editing and proofreading (ACEEN036)

Using accurate spelling, punctuation, syntax and metalanguage. (ACEEN037)

Analysing the values and attitudes expressed in texts (ACEEN038)

Evaluating the effectiveness of texts in representing ideas, attitudes and voices (ACEEN039)

Explaining how and why texts position readers and viewers. (ACEEN040)

Analysing language, structural and stylistic choices (ACEEN041)

Explaining how each text conforms to or challenges the conventions of particular genres or modes such as crime fiction, advertising or short films (ACEEN042)

Analysing and evaluating how similar themes, ideas or concepts are treated in different texts. (ACEEN043)

Analysing the techniques and conventions used in different genres, mediums and modes (ACEEN044)

Considering how the conventions of genres can be challenged, manipulated or parodied (ACEEN045)

Examining how genres and their conventions have changed and adapted over time. (ACEEN046)

How expectations of genres have developed and the effect when those expectations are met or not met, extended or subverted (ACEEN048)

How responses to texts and genres may change over time and in different cultural contexts. (ACEEN049)

Transforming and adapting texts for different purposes, contexts and audiences (ACEEN050)

Making innovative and imaginative use of language features (ACEEN051)

Using and experimenting with text structures and language features related to specific genres for particular effects (ACEEN052)

Using appropriate referencing, for example, footnotes, in-line citations and reference lists (ACEEN054)

Using strategies for planning, drafting, editing and proofreading (ACEEN055)

Using accurate spelling, punctuation, syntax and metalanguage. (ACEEN056)

Analysing and evaluating how different texts represent similar ideas in different ways (ACEEN057)

Explaining how meaning changes when texts are transformed into a different genre or medium (ACEEN058)

Comparing and evaluating the impact of language conventions used in a variety of texts and genres. (ACEEN059)

Examining how each text relates to a particular context or contexts (ACEEN061)

Comparing the contexts in which texts are created and received. (ACEEN062)

Analysing content, purpose and choice of language (ACEEN063)

Analysing the use of voice and point of view such as in feature articles, reporting of current events or narration (ACEEN064)

Exploring other interpretations and aspects of context to develop a considered response. (ACEEN065)

The selection of mode, medium, genre and type of text (ACEEN066)

The ways points of view and values are represented (ACEEN067)

The selection of language features that generate empathy or controversy, for example, juxtaposition of image and text. (ACEEN068)

Using appropriate language and stylistic features to sustain a personal voice and point of view (ACEEN069)

Synthesising ideas and opinions to develop complex argument (ACEEN071)

Substantiating and justifying their own responses using textual evidence (ACEEN072)

Using appropriate referencing, for example, footnotes, in-line citations and reference lists (ACEEN073)

Using strategies for planning, drafting, editing and proofreading (ACEEN074)

Using accurate spelling, punctuation, syntax and metalanguage. (ACEEN075)

Analysing and evaluating how different attitudes and perspectives underpin texts (ACEEN076)

Discussing and evaluating different readings of texts. (ACEEN079)

The degree to which individual points of view, experiences and contexts shape responses to texts (ACELR001)

How mode, medium and form shape responses to texts (ACELR002)

The differences between initial personal responses and more studied and complex responses (ACELR003)

How text structures, language features and stylistic elements shape meaning and create particular effects and nuances, for example, through allusions, paradoxes and ambiguities (ACELR005)

Different points of view represented in texts, for example, those of characters, narrators and the implied author (ACELR006)

Approaches to characterisation, for example, the inclusion of archetypal figures, authorial intrusion, the dramatisation of a characters inner life, and the use of interior monologue (ACELR007)

Different narrative approaches, for example, eye-witness accounts, multiple narrators, the unreliable narrator and the omniscient narrator (ACELR008)

The use of figurative language and rhetorical devices to represent concepts and shape arguments, for example, symbolism, metonymy, types of irony, patterns of imagery (ACELR009)

The use of sound and visual devices in literary texts to create particular effects, for example, assonance, prosody, rhyme , animation and voice-over narration. (ACELR010)

Structuring arguments and points of view using relevant textual evidence (ACELR011)

Using appropriate linguistic, stylistic and critical terminology to respond to texts (ACELR012)

Experimenting with different modes, mediums and forms. (ACELR014)

Developing connections between real and imagined experiences (ACELR015)

Drawing on knowledge and understanding of storytelling, style and the structure of texts (ACELR016)

Reflecting on familiar and emerging literary forms for particular audiences and purposes. (ACELR018)

The relationship between conventions of genre, audience expectations, and interpretations of texts (ACELR020)

How the choice and combinations of mode, medium and form transform texts (ACELR021)

The ways in which informed reading influences interpretation of texts. (ACELR022)

The ways in which text structures, language features and stylistic choices provide a framework for audiences expectations, responses and interpretations (ACELR023)

How aspects of literary texts have been appropriated into popular culture, for example, through the use of iconic literary situations, symbols or characters (ACELR025)

The ways in which different literary forms may evolve, for example, the development of digital storytelling (ACELR026)

The use of literary techniques, for example, poetic, dramatic and narrative structure and devices (ACELR027)

The use of a combination of sound and visual devices in literary texts, for example, soundtracks, cinematography, iconography. (ACELR028)

Organising points of view and arguments in different ways, for example, in essays, reviews and visual presentations (ACELR029)

Selecting appropriate argument and evidence to support points of view (ACELR031)

Experimenting with different modes, mediums and forms. (ACELR032)

How readers are influenced to respond to their own and others cultural experiences (ACELR037)

The power of language to represent ideas, events and people in particular ways (ACELR038)

How cultural perceptions are challenged or supported (ACELR039)

The ways in which authors represent Australian culture, place and identity both to Australians and the wider world. (ACELR040)

The relationship between significant historical and cultural events and figures, and their representations in literary texts (ACELR041)

The impact of the use of literary conventions and stylistic techniques (ACELR042)

The effectiveness of specific literary conventions in texts, for example, the use of iambic pentameter, stream-of-consciousness, flashbacks, chorus (ACELR043)

The ways in which language, structural and stylistic choices communicate values and attitudes and shed new light on familiar ideas. (ACELR044)

Developing independent interpretations of texts supported by informed observation and close textual analysis (ACELR045)

Using appropriate linguistic, stylistic and critical terminology to analyse and evaluate texts (ACELR046)

Evaluating their own and others ideas and points of view using logic and evidence (ACELR047)

Experimenting with different modes, mediums and forms. (ACELR048)

Experimenting with content, form, style, language and medium (ACELR049)

Drawing on knowledge and experience of genre, literary devices and the interplay of the visual and verbal in creating new texts (ACELR050)

Adapting literary conventions for specific audiences, challenging conventions and reinterpreting ideas and perspectives (ACELR051)

Reflecting on the different ways in which form, personal style, language and content engage and position the audience. (ACELR052)

How literature reflects cultural change and difference (ACELR053)

The ways in which the expectations and values of audiences shape perceptions of texts and their significance (ACELR054)

How texts in different literary forms, mediums or traditions are the same or different (ACELR055)

The ways in which perspectives are conveyed through texts drawn from other times and cultures, and how these may be renewed for a contemporary Australian audience. (ACELR057)

How specific literary elements and forms shape meaning and influence responses, for example, mise-en-scne, enjambment, dramatic monologue and verse drama (ACELR059)

How medium, form, language and wordplay contribute to interpretations of texts (ACELR060)

Developing a creative, informed and sustained interpretation supported by close textual analysis (ACELR062)

Using appropriate linguistic, stylistic and critical terminology to evaluate and justify interpretations of texts (ACELR063)

Experimenting with different modes, mediums and forms. (ACELR065)

Adapting medium, form, style, point of view and language (ACELR066)

Experimenting with elements of style and voice to achieve specific effects (ACELR067)

Manipulating literary conventions for different audiences and contexts (ACELR068)

Reflecting on the ways in which expectations and values of audiences shape the created text. (ACELR069)

Solve practical problems requiring basic number operations (ACMEM001)

Apply arithmetic operations according to their correct order (ACMEM002)

Ascertain the reasonableness of answers to arithmetic calculations (ACMEM003)

Recognise the significance of place value after the decimal point (ACMEM007)

Evaluate decimal fractions to the required number of decimal places (ACMEM008)

Round up or round down numbers to the required number of decimal places (ACMEM009)

Determine one amount expressed as a percentage of another (ACMEM012)

Apply percentage increases and decreases in situations; for example, mark-ups, discounts and GST. (ACMEM013)

Identify common usage of rates; for example, km/h as a rate to describe speed, beats/minute as a rate to describe pulse (ACMEM014)

Convert units of rates occurring in practical situations to solve problems (ACMEM015)

Use rates to make comparisons; for example, using unit prices to compare best buys, comparing heart rates after exercise. (ACMEM016)

Use metric units of length, their abbreviations, conversions between them, and appropriate levels of accuracy and choice of units (ACMEM017)

Convert between metric units of length and other length units (ACMEM019)

Calculate perimeters of familiar shapes, including triangles, squares, rectangles, and composites of these. (ACMEM020)

Use metric units of mass, their abbreviations, conversions between them, and appropriate choices of units (ACMEM025)

Use metric units of volume, their abbreviations, conversions between them, and appropriate choices of units (ACMEM027)

Understand the relationship between volume and capacity (ACMEM028)

Calculate the volume of objects, such as cubes and rectangular and triangular prisms. (ACMEM030)

Substitute numerical values into algebraic expressions; for example, substitute different values of x to evaluate the expressions 3x/5, 5(2x-4). (ACMEM035)

substitute given values for the other pronumerals in a mathematical formula to find the value of the subject of the formula. (ACMEM036)

Interpret information presented in graphs, such as conversion graphs, line graphs, step graphs, column graphs and picture graphs (ACMEM037)

Interpret information presented in two-way tables (ACMEM038)

Discuss and interpret graphs found in the media and in factual texts. (ACMEM039)

Determine which type of graph is best used to display a dataset (ACMEM040)

Display categorical data in tables and column graphs (ACMEM045)

Display numerical data as frequency distributions, dot plots, stem and leaf plots, and histograms (ACMEM046)

Compare the suitability of different methods of data presentation in real-world contexts. (ACMEM048)

Calculate measures of central tendency, the arithmetic mean and the median (ACMEM050)

Investigate the suitability of measures of central tendency in various real-world contexts (ACMEM051)

Investigate the effect of outliers on the mean and the median (ACMEM052)

Calculate and interpret quartiles, deciles and percentiles (ACMEM053)

Use informal ways of describing spread, such as spread out/dispersed, tightly packed, clusters, gaps, more/less dense regions, outliers (ACMEM054)

Calculate and interpret statistical measures of spread, such as the range, interquartile range and standard deviation (ACMEM055)

Investigate real-world examples from the media illustrating inappropriate uses, or misuses, of measures of central tendency and spread. (ACMEM056)

Compare back-to-back stem plots for different data-sets (ACMEM057)

Construct box plots using a five number summary (ACMEM059)

Compare the characteristics of the shape of histograms using symmetry, skewness and bimodality. (ACMEM060)

Review calculating a percentage of a given amount (ACMEM061)

Review one amount expressed as a percentage of another. (ACMEM062)

Calculate simple interest for different rates and periods. (ACMEM064)

Demonstrate an understanding of the elementary ideas and notation of ratio (ACMEM065)

Understand the relationship between fractions and ratio (ACMEM066)

Review identifying common usage of rates such as km/h (ACMEM071)

Convert between units for rates; for example, km/h to m/s, mL/min to L/h (ACMEM072)

Complete calculations with rates, including solving problems involving direct proportion in terms of rate. (ACMEM073)

Use rates to determine costs; for example, calculating the cost of a tradesman using rates per hour, call-out fees. (ACMEM075)

Use units of time, conversions between units, fractional, digital and decimal representations (ACMEM076)

Represent time using 12-hour and 24-hour clocks (ACMEM077)

Interpret timetables, such as bus, train and ferry timetables (ACMEM079)

Use several timetables and electronic technologies to plan the most time-efficient routes (ACMEM080)

Interpret complex timetables, such as tide charts, sunrise charts and moon phases (ACMEM081)

Compare the time taken to travel a specific distance with various modes of transport (ACMEM082)

Use scales to find distances, such as on maps; for example, road maps, street maps, bushwalking maps, online maps and cadastral maps (ACMEM083)

Calculate speed, distance or time using the formula speed = distance/time (ACMEM086)

Calculate the time or costs for a journey from distances estimated from maps (ACMEM087)

Calculate and interpret average speed; for example, a 4-hour trip covering 250 km. (ACMEM089)

Review metric units of length, their abbreviations, conversions between them, estimation of lengths, and appropriate choices of units (ACMEM090)

Calculate perimeters of familiar shapes, including triangles, squares, rectangles, polygons, circles, arc lengths, and composites of these. (ACMEM091)

Use formulas to calculate areas of regular shapes, including triangles, squares, rectangles, parallelograms, trapeziums, circles and sectors (ACMEM093)

Find the area of irregular figures by decomposition into regular shapes (ACMEM094)

Find the surface area of familiar solids, including cubes, rectangular and triangular prisms, spheres and cylinders (ACMEM095)

Find the surface area of pyramids, such as rectangular- and triangular-based pyramids (ACMEM096)

review metric units of mass (and weight), their abbreviations, conversions between them, and appropriate choices of units (ACMEM098)

Review metric units of volume, their abbreviations, conversions between them, and appropriate choices of units (ACMEM101)

Recognise relations between volume and capacity, recognising that 1cm^3 = 1mL and 1m^3 = 1kL (ACMEM102)

Use formulas to find the volume and capacity of regular objects such as cubes, rectangular and triangular prisms and cylinders (ACMEM103)

Use formulas to find the volume of pyramids and spheres. (ACMEM104)

Recognise the properties of common two-dimensional geometric shapes and three-dimensional solids (ACMEM105)

Use symbols and conventions for the representation of geometric information; for example, point, line, ray, angle, diagonal, edge, curve, face and vertex. (ACMEM107)

Interpret commonly used symbols and abbreviations in scale drawings (ACMEM108)

Find actual measurements from scale drawings, such as lengths, perimeters and areas (ACMEM109)

Estimate and compare quantities, materials and costs using actual measurements from scale drawings; for example, using measurements for packaging, clothes, painting, bricklaying and landscaping. (ACMEM110)

Understand and apply drawing conventions of scale drawings, such as scales in ratio, clear indications of dimensions, and clear labelling (ACMEM111)

Construct scale drawings by hand and by using software packages. (ACMEM112)

Interpret diagrams of three-dimensional objects. (ACMEM115)

Apply the tangent ratio to find unknown angles and sides in right-angled triangles (ACMEM117)

Work with the concepts of angle of elevation and angle of depression (ACMEM118)

Apply the cosine and sine ratios to find unknown angles and sides in right-angled triangles (ACMEM119)

Demonstrate familiarity with Cartesian coordinates in two dimensions by plotting points on the Cartesian plane (ACMEM121)

Generate tables of values for linear functions, including for negative values of (ACMEM122)

Graph linear functions for all values of with pencil and paper and with graphing software. (ACMEM123)

Interpret and use graphs in practical situations, including travel graphs and conversion graphs (ACMEM124)

Draw graphs from given data to represent practical situations (ACMEM125)

Interpret the point of intersection and other important features of given graphs of two linear functions drawn from practical contexts; for example, the break-even point. (ACMEM126)

Investigate the procedure for conducting a census (ACMEM127)

Investigate the advantages and disadvantages of conducting a census. (ACMEM128)

Understand the purpose of sampling to provide an estimate of population values when a census is not used (ACMEM129)

Investigate the different kinds of samples; for example, systematic samples, self-selected samples, simple random samples (ACMEM130)

Investigate the advantages and disadvantages of these kinds of samples; for example, comparing simple random samples with self-selected samples. (ACMEM131)

Investigate questionnaire design principles; for example, simple language, unambiguous questions, consideration of number of choices, issues of privacy and ethics, and freedom from bias. (ACMEM133)

Describe the faults in the collection of data process (ACMEM134)

Describe sources of error in surveys; for example, sampling error and measurement error (ACMEM135)

Investigate the possible misrepresentation of the results of a survey due to misunderstanding the procedure, or misunderstanding the reliability of generalising the survey findings to the entire population (ACMEM136)

Investigate errors and misrepresentation in surveys, including examples of media misrepresentations of surveys. (ACMEM137)

Describe the patterns and features of bivariate data (ACMEM138)

Describe the association between two numerical variables in terms of direction (positive/negative), form (linear/non-linear) and strength (strong/moderate/weak). (ACMEM139)

Identify the dependent and independent variable (ACMEM140)

Interpret relationships in terms of the variables (ACMEM143)

Use technology to find the correlation coefficient (an indicator of the strength of linear association) (ACMEM144)

Use the line of best fit to make predictions, both by interpolation and extrapolation (ACMEM145)

Distinguish between causality and correlation through examples. (ACMEM147)

Interpret commonly used probability statements, including possible, probable, likely, certain (ACMEM148)

Describe ways of expressing probabilities formally using fractions, decimals, ratios, and percentages. (ACMEM149)

Perform simulations of experiments using technology (ACMEM150)

Recognise that the repetition of chance events is likely to produce different results (ACMEM151)

Identify factors that could complicate the simulation of real-world events. (ACMEM153)

Use arrays or tree diagrams to determine the outcomes and the probabilities for experiments. (ACMEM156)

Determine the probabilities associated with simple games (ACMEM157)

Determine the probabilities of occurrence of simple traffic-light problems. (ACMEM158)

Locate positions on Earths surface given latitude and longitude using GPS, a globe, an atlas, and digital technologies (ACMEM159)

Find distances between two places on Earth on the same longitude (ACMEM160)

Find distances between two places on Earth using appropriate technology. (ACMEM161)

Understand the concept of compound interest as a recurrence relation (ACMEM169)

Consider similar problems involving compounding; for example, population growth (ACMEM170)

Use technology to calculate the future value of a compound interest loan or investment and the total interest paid or earned (ACMEM171)

Use technology to compare, numerically and graphically, the growth of simple interest and compound interest loans and investments (ACMEM172)

Use technology to investigate the effect of the interest rate and the number of compounding periods on the future value of a loan or investment. (ACMEM173)

Use technology and a recurrence relation to model a reducing balance loan (ACMEM174)

Investigate the effect of the interest rate and repayment amount on the time taken to repay a loan. (ACMEM175)

Calculate weekly or monthly wage from an annual salary, wages from an hourly rate including situations involving overtime and other allowances and earnings based on commission or piecework (ACMGM002)

Calculate payments based on government allowances and pensions (ACMGM003)

Prepare a personal budget for a given income taking into account fixed and discretionary spending (ACMGM004)

Compare prices and values using the unit cost method (ACMGM005)

Apply percentage increase or decrease in various contexts; for example, determining the impact of inflation on costs and wages over time, calculating percentage mark-ups and discounts, calculating GST, calculating profit or loss in absolute and percentage terms, and calculating simple and compound interest (ACMGM006)

Use a spreadsheet to display examples of the above computations when multiple or repeated computations are required; for example, preparing a wage-sheet displaying the weekly earnings of workers in a fast food store where hours of employment and hourly rates of pay may differ, preparing a budget, or investigating the potential cost of owning and operating a car over a year. (ACMGM009)

Substitute numerical values into linear algebraic and simple non-linear algebraic expressions, and evaluate (ACMGM010)

Find the value of the subject of the formula, given the values of the other pronumerals in the formula (ACMGM011)

Use a spreadsheet or an equivalent technology to construct a table of values from a formula, including two-by-two tables for formulas with two variable quantities; for example, a table displaying the body mass index (BMI) of people of different weights and heights. (ACMGM012)

Use matrices for storing and displaying information that can be presented in rows and columns; for example, databases, links in social or road networks (ACMGM013)

Recognise different types of matrices (row, column, square, zero, identity) and determine their size (ACMGM014)

Perform matrix addition, subtraction, multiplication by a scalar, and matrix multiplication, including determining the power of a matrix using technology with matrix arithmetic capabilities when appropriate (ACMGM015)

Use matrices, including matrix products and powers of matrices, to model and solve problems; for example, costing or pricing problems, squaring a matrix to determine the number of ways pairs of people in a communication network can communicate with each other via a third person. (ACMGM016)

Review Pythagoras Theorem and use it to solve practical problems in two dimensions and for simple applications in three dimensions. (ACMGM017)

Solve practical problems requiring the calculation of perimeters and areas of circles, sectors of circles, triangles, rectangles, parallelograms and composites (ACMGM018)

Calculate the volumes of standard three-dimensional objects such as spheres, rectangular prisms, cylinders, cones, pyramids and composites in practical situations; for example, the volume of water contained in a swimming pool (ACMGM019)

Calculate the surface areas of standard three-dimensional objects such as spheres, rectangular prisms, cylinders, cones, pyramids and composites in practical situations; for example, the surface area of a cylindrical food container. (ACMGM020)

Review the conditions for similarity of two-dimensional figures including similar triangles (ACMGM021)

Use the scale factor for two similar figures to solve linear scaling problems (ACMGM022)

Obtain measurements from scale drawings, such as maps or building plans, to solve problems (ACMGM023)

Obtain a scale factor and use it to solve scaling problems involving the calculation of the areas of similar figures (ACMGM024)

Obtain a scale factor and use it to solve scaling problems involving the calculation of surface areas and volumes of similar solids. (ACMGM025)

Review the statistical investigation process; for example, identifying a problem and posing a statistical question, collecting or obtaining data, analysing the data, interpreting and communicating the results. (ACMGM026)

Classify a categorical variable as ordinal, such as income level (high, medium, low), or nominal, such as place of birth (Australia, overseas), and use tables and bar charts to organise and display the data (ACMGM027)

With the aid of an appropriate graphical display (chosen from dot plot, stem plot, bar chart or histogram), describe the distribution of a numerical dataset in terms of modality (uni or multimodal), shape (symmetric versus positively or negatively skewed), location and spread and outliers, and interpret this information in the context of the data (ACMGM029)

Determine the mean and standard deviation of a dataset and use these statistics as measures of location and spread of a data distribution, being aware of their limitations. (ACMGM030)

Compare groups on a single numerical variable using medians, means, IQRs, ranges or standard deviations, as appropriate; interpret the differences observed in the context of the data; and report the findings in a systematic and concise manner (ACMGM032)

Implement the statistical investigation process to answer questions that involve comparing the data for a numerical variable across two or more groups; for example, are Year 11 students the fittest in the school? (ACMGM033)

Review the use of the trigonometric ratios to find the length of an unknown side or the size of an unknown angle in a right-angled triangle (ACMGM034)

Solve practical problems involving the trigonometry of right-angled and non-right-angled triangles, including problems involving angles of elevation and depression and the use of bearings in navigation. (ACMGM037)

Develop a linear formula from a word description (ACMGM039)

Construct straight-line graphs both with and without the aid of technology (ACMGM040)

Determine the slope and intercepts of a straight-line graph from both its equation and its plot (ACMGM041)

Interpret, in context, the slope and intercept of a straight-line graph used to model and analyse a practical situation (ACMGM042)

Construct and analyse a straight-line graph to model a given linear relationship; for example, modelling the cost of filling a fuel tank of a car against the number of litres of petrol required. (ACMGM043)

Solve a pair of simultaneous linear equations, using technology when appropriate (ACMGM044)

Solve practical problems that involve finding the point of intersection of two straight-line graphs; for example, determining the break-even point where cost and revenue are represented by linear equations. (ACMGM045)

Review the statistical investigation process; for example, identifying a problem and posing a statistical question, collecting or obtaining data, analysing the data, interpreting and communicating the results. (ACMGM048)

Construct two-way frequency tables and determine the associated row and column sums and percentages (ACMGM049)

Use an appropriately percentaged two-way frequency table to identify patterns that suggest the presence of an association (ACMGM050)

Describe an association in terms of differences observed in percentages across categories in a systematic and concise manner, and interpret this in the context of the data. (ACMGM051)

Construct a scatterplot to identify patterns in the data suggesting the presence of an association (ACMGM052)

Describe an association between two numerical variables in terms of direction (positive/negative), form (linear/non-linear) and strength (strong/moderate/weak) (ACMGM053)

Calculate and interpret the correlation coefficient (r) to quantify the strength of a linear association. (ACMGM054)

Identify the response variable and the explanatory variable (ACMGM055)

Use a scatterplot to identify the nature of the relationship between variables (ACMGM056)

Model a linear relationship by fitting a least-squares line to the data (ACMGM057)

Use a residual plot to assess the appropriateness of fitting a linear model to the data (ACMGM058)

Interpret the intercept and slope of the fitted line (ACMGM059)

Use the equation of a fitted line to make predictions (ACMGM061)

Distinguish between interpolation and extrapolation when using the fitted line to make predictions, recognising the potential dangers of extrapolation (ACMGM062)

Write up the results of the above analysis in a systematic and concise manner. (ACMGM063)

Recognise that an observed association between two variables does not necessarily mean that there is a causal relationship between them (ACMGM064)

Identify possible non-causal explanations for an association, including coincidence and confounding due to a common response to another variable, and communicate these explanations in a systematic and concise manner. (ACMGM065)

Implement the statistical investigation process to answer questions that involve identifying, analysing and describing associations between two categorical variables or between two numerical variables; for example, is there an association between attitude to capital punishment (agree with, no opinion, disagree with) and sex (male, female)? Is there an association between height and foot length? (ACMGM066)

Display the terms of an arithmetic sequence in both tabular and graphical form and demonstrate that arithmetic sequences can be used to model linear growth and decay in discrete situations (ACMGM068)

Deduce a rule for the nth term of a particular arithmetic sequence from the pattern of the terms in an arithmetic sequence, and use this rule to make predictions (ACMGM069)

Use arithmetic sequences to model and analyse practical situations involving linear growth or decay; for example, analyzing a simple interest loan or investment, calculating a taxi fare based on the flag fall and the charge per kilometre, or calculating the value of an office photocopier at the end of each year using the straight-line method or the unit cost method of depreciation. (ACMGM070)

Display the terms of a geometric sequence in both tabular and graphical form and demonstrate that geometric sequences can be used to model exponential growth and decay in discrete situations (ACMGM072)

Deduce a rule for the nth term of a particular geometric sequence from the pattern of the terms in the sequence, and use this rule to make predictions (ACMGM073)

Use geometric sequences to model and analyse (numerically, or graphically only) practical problems involving geometric growth and decay; for example, analysing a compound interest loan or investment, the growth of a bacterial population that doubles in size each hour, the decreasing height of the bounce of a ball at each bounce; or calculating the value of office furniture at the end of each year using the declining (reducing) balance method to depreciate. (ACMGM074)

Use a general first-order linear recurrence relation to generate the terms of a sequence and to display it in both tabular and graphical form (ACMGM075)

Recognise that a sequence generated by a first-order linear recurrence relation can have a long term increasing, decreasing or steady-state solution (ACMGM076)

Use first-order linear recurrence relations to model and analyse (numerically or graphically only) practical problems; for example, investigating the growth of a trout population in a lake recorded at the end of each year and where limited recreational fishing is permitted, or the amount owing on a reducing balance loan after each payment is made. (ACMGM077)

Apply Eulers formula, v + f e = 2, to solve problems relating to planar graphs. (ACMGM082)

Describe time series plots by identifying features such as trend (long term direction), seasonality (systematic, calendar-related movements), and irregular fluctuations (unsystematic, short term fluctuations), and recognise when there are outliers; for example, one-off unanticipated events. (ACMGM088)

Smooth time series data by using a simple moving average, including the use of spreadsheets to implement this process (ACMGM089)

Calculate seasonal indices by using the average percentage method (ACMGM090)

Deseasonalise a time series by using a seasonal index, including the use of spreadsheets to implement this process (ACMGM091)

Fit a least-squares line to model long-term trends in time series data. (ACMGM092)

Implement the statistical investigation process to answer questions that involve the analysis of time series data. (ACMGM093)

Use a recurrence relation to model a compound interest loan or investment, and investigate (numerically or graphically) the effect of the interest rate and the number of compounding periods on the future value of the loan or investment (ACMGM094)

Calculate the effective annual rate of interest and use the results to compare investment returns and cost of loans when interest is paid or charged daily, monthly, quarterly or six-monthly (ACMGM095)

With the aid of a calculator or computer-based financial software, solve problems involving compound interest loans or investments; for example, determining the future value of a loan, the number of compounding periods for an investment to exceed a given value, the interest rate needed for an investment to exceed a given value. (ACMGM096)

Use a recurrence relation to model a reducing balance loan and investigate (numerically or graphically) the effect of the interest rate and repayment amount on the time taken to repay the loan (ACMGM097)

With the aid of a financial calculator or computer-based financial software, solve problems involving reducing balance loans; for example, determining the monthly repayments required to pay off a housing loan. (ACMGM098)

Determine the coordinates of the midpoint of two points (ACMMM001)

Examine examples of direct proportion and linearly related variables (ACMMM002)

Recognise features of the graph of y=mx+c, including its linear nature, its intercepts and its slope or gradient (ACMMM003)

Examine examples of quadratically related variables (ACMMM006)

Recognise features of the graphs of y=x^2, y=a(x-b)^2+c, and y=a(x-b)(x-c), including their parabolic nature, turning points, axes of symmetry and intercepts (ACMMM007)

Solve quadratic equations using the quadratic formula and by completing the square (ACMMM008)

Find the equation of a quadratic given sufficient information (ACMMM009)

Find turning points and zeros of quadratics and understand the role of the discriminant (ACMMM010)

Recognise features of the graph of the general quadratic y=ax^2+bx+c. (ACMMM011)

Recognise features of the graphs of y=1/x and y=a/(x-b), including their hyperbolic shapes, and their asymptotes. (ACMMM013)

Recognise features of the graphs of y=x^n for nN, n=-1 and n=1/2, including shape, and behaviour as x _ and x -_ (ACMMM014)

Identify the coefficients and the degree of a polynomial (ACMMM015)

Expand quadratic and cubic polynomials from factors (ACMMM016)

Recognise features of the graphs of y=x^3, y=a(x-b)^3+c and y=k(x-a)(x-b)(x-c), including shape, intercepts and behaviour as x _ and x -_ (ACMMM017)

Solve cubic equations using technology, and algebraically in cases where a linear factor is easily obtained. (ACMMM019)

Recognise features of the graphs of x^2+y^2=r^2 and (x-a)^2 + (y-b)^2 = r^2, including their circular shapes, their centres and their radii (ACMMM020)

Recognise features of the graph of y^2 = x including its parabolic shape and its axis of symmetry. (ACMMM021)

Understand the concept of a function as a mapping between sets, and as a rule or a formula that defines one variable quantity in terms of another (ACMMM022)

Use function notation, domain and range, independent and dependent variables (ACMMM023)

Understand the concept of the graph of a function (ACMMM024)

Examine translations and the graphs of y = f(x)+a and y = f(x+b) (ACMMM025)

Examine dilations and the graphs of y=cf(x) and y=f(kx) (ACMMM026)

Recognise the distinction between functions and relations, and the vertical line test. (ACMMM027)

Review sine, cosine and tangent as ratios of side lengths in right-angled triangles (ACMMM028)

Understand the unit circle definition of cos, sin and tan and periodicity using degrees (ACMMM029)

Examine the relationship between the angle of inclination of a line and the gradient of that line (ACMMM030)

Define and use radian measure and understand its relationship with degree measure (ACMMM032)

calculate lengths of arcs and areas of sectors in circles. (ACMMM033)

Understand the unit circle definition of cos, sin and tan and periodicity using radians (ACMMM034)

Recognise the exact values of cos, sin and tan at integer multiples of /6 and /4 (ACMMM035)

Recognise the graphs of y=sin x, y=cos x, and y=tan x on extended domains (ACMMM036)

Examine amplitude changes and the graphs of y=a sin x and y=a cos x(ACMMM037)

Examine period changes and the graphs of y=sin bx, y=cos bx, and y=tan bx (ACMMM038)

Examine phase changes and the graphs of y=sin(x+c), y=cos(x+c) and (ACMMM039)

y=tan(x+c) and the relationships sin(x+/2)=cos x and cos(x-/2)=sin x(ACMMM040)

Prove and apply the angle sum and difference identities (ACMMM041)

Identify contexts suitable for modelling by trigonometric functions and use them to solve practical problems (ACMMM042)

Solve equations involving trigonometric functions using technology, and algebraically in simple cases. (ACMMM043)

Review the concepts and language of outcomes, sample spaces and events as sets of outcomes (ACMMM049)

Use set language and notation for events, including __ (or A) for the complement of an event A, A?B for the intersection of events A and B, and A?B for the union, and recognise mutually exclusive events (ACMMM050)

Use everyday occurrences to illustrate set descriptions and representations of events, and set operations. (ACMMM051)

Review probability as a measure of the likelihood of occurrence of an event (ACMMM052)

Review the probability scale: 0 = _ P(A) _ 1 for each event A, with P(A)=0 if A is an impossibility and P(A) = 1 if A is a certainty (ACMMM053)

Review the rules: P(__) = 1-P(A) and P(AB) = P(A) + P(B) P(AB) (ACMMM054)

Use relative frequencies obtained from data as point estimates of probabilities. (ACMMM055)

Understand the notion of a conditional probability and recognise and use language that indicates conditionality (ACMMM056)

Use the notation P(A|B) and the formula P(AB) = P(A|B)P(B) (ACMMM057)

Understand the notion of independence of an event A from an event B, as defined by P(A|B)=P(A) (ACMMM058)

Establish and use the formula P(AB) = P(A)P(B) for independent events A and B, and recognise the symmetry of independence (ACMMM059)

Use relative frequencies obtained from data as point estimates of conditional probabilities and as indications of possible independence of events. (ACMMM060)

Review indices (including fractional indices) and the index laws (ACMMM061)

Use radicals and convert to and from fractional indices (ACMMM062)

Understand and use scientific notation and significant figures. (ACMMM063)

Establish and use the algebraic properties of exponential functions (ACMMM064)

Recognise the qualitative features of the graph of y=a^x (a > 0) including asymptotes, and of its translations (y = a^x + b and y = a^(x+c)) (ACMMM065)

Solve equations involving exponential functions using technology, and algebraically in simple cases. (ACMMM067)

Recognise and use the recursive definition of an arithmetic sequence: t_(n+1) = t_n + d (ACMMM068)

Use the formula t_n = t_1 + (n-1) for the general term of an arithmetic sequence and recognise its linear nature (ACMMM069)

Use arithmetic sequences in contexts involving discrete linear growth or decay, such as simple interest (ACMMM070)

Establish and use the formula for the sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic sequence. (ACMMM071)

Recognise and use the recursive definition of a geometric sequence: t_(n+1) = rt_n (ACMMM072)

Use the formula t_n = r^(n-1)t_1 for the general term of a geometric sequence and recognise its exponential nature (ACMMM073)

Understand the limiting behaviour as n _ of the terms t_n in a geometric sequence and its dependence on the value of the common ratio r (ACMMM074)

Establish and use the formula S_n = t_1 ((r^n-1)/(r-1)) for the sum of the first n terms of a geometric sequence (ACMMM075)

Use geometric sequences in contexts involving geometric growth or decay, such as compound interest. (ACMMM076)

Interpret the ratios (f(x+h)-f(x))/h and y/x as the slope or gradient of a chord or of the graph of interpret the ratios and as the slope or gradient of a chord or secant of the graph of y = f(x). (ACMMM080)

Examine the behaviour of the difference quotient f(x+h)-f(x)/h as h 0 as an informal introduction to the concept of a limit (ACMMM081)

Define the derivative f(x) as lim(h 0) f(x+h)-f(x)/h (ACMMM082)

Use the Leibniz notation for the derivative: dy/dx = lim(x 0) y/x and the correspondence dy/dx = f(x) where y=f(x) (ACMMM083)

Interpret the derivative as the instantaneous rate of change (ACMMM084)

Interpret the derivative as the slope or gradient of a tangent line of the graph of y=f(x). (ACMMM085)

Estimate numerically the value of a derivative, for simple power functions (ACMMM086)

Recognise and use linearity properties of the derivative (ACMMM090)

Calculate derivatives of polynomials and other linear combinations of power functions. (ACMMM091)

Construct and interpret position-time graphs, with velocity as the slope of the tangent (ACMMM094)

Sketch curves associated with simple polynomials; find stationary points, and local and global maxima and minima; and examine behaviour as x _ and x -_ (ACMMM095)

Calculate anti-derivatives of polynomial functions and apply to solving simple problems involving motion in a straight line. (ACMMM097)

Estimate the limit of a^h1/h as h 0 using technology, for various values of a > 0 (ACMMM098)

Recognise that e is the unique number a for which the above limit is 1 (ACMMM099)

Establish the formulas d/dx (sin x) = cos x, and d/dx (cos x) = -sin x by numerical estimations of the limits and informal proofs based on geometric constructions (ACMMM102)

Use trigonometric functions and their derivatives to solve practical problems. (ACMMM103)

Use the increments formula: y dy/dx x x to estimate the change in the dependent variable y resulting from changes in the independent variable x (ACMMM107)

Understand the concept of the second derivative as the rate of change of the first derivative function (ACMMM108)

Establish and use the formula (x^n)dx = (1/n+1)x^(n+1) + c for n -1 (ACMMM116)

Understand the concepts of concavity and points of inflection and their relationship with the second derivative (ACMMM110)

Understand and use the second derivative test for finding local maxima and minima (ACMMM111)

Sketch the graph of a function using first and second derivatives to locate stationary points and points of inflection (ACMMM112)

Determine indefinite integrals of the form f(ax+b)dx (ACMMM120)

Identify families of curves with the same derivative function (ACMMM121)

Determine f(x), given f(x) and an initial condition f(a) = b (ACMMM122)

Recognise anti-differentiation as the reverse of differentiation (ACMMM114)

Examine the area problem, and use sums of the form i f(xi) xi to estimate the area under the curve y = f(x) (ACMMM124)

Interpret the definite integral {a to b} f(x)dx as area under the curve y = f(x) if f(x) > 0 (ACMMM125)

Recognise the definite integral {a to b} f(x)dx as a limit of sums of the form i f(xi) xi (ACMMM126)

Interpret {a to b} f(x)dx as a sum of signed areas (ACMMM127)

Recognise and use the additivity and linearity of definite integrals. (ACMMM128)

Understand the concept of the signed area function F(x) = {a to x} f(t)dt (ACMMM129)

Understand and use the theorem: F(x) = d/dx ({a to x} f(t)dt) = f(x), and illustrate its proof geometrically (ACMMM130)

Calculate total change by integrating instantaneous or marginal rate of change (ACMMM133)

Identify contexts suitable for modelling by Bernoulli random variables (ACMMM144)

Understand the formula {a to b} f(x)dx = F(b)-F(a) and use it to calculate definite integrals. (ACMMM131)

Calculate the area between curves in simple cases (ACMMM134)

Recognise the mean p and variance p(1-p) of the Bernoulli distribution with parameter p (ACMMM145)

Use Bernoulli random variables and associated probabilities to model data and solve practical problems. (ACMMM146)

Use the notation f(x)dx for anti-derivatives or indefinite integrals (ACMMM115)

Establish and use the formula (e^x)dx = e^x + c (ACMMM117)

Recognise and use linearity of anti-differentiation (ACMMM119)

Understand the concepts of a discrete random variable and its associated probability function, and their use in modelling data (ACMMM136)

Use relative frequencies obtained from data to obtain point estimates of probabilities associated with a discrete random variable (ACMMM137)

Recognise uniform discrete random variables and use them to model random phenomena with equally likely outcomes (ACMMM138)

Examine simple examples of non-uniform discrete random variables (ACMMM139)

Recognise the mean or expected value of a discrete random variable as a measurement of centre, and evaluate it in simple cases (ACMMM140)

Recognise the variance and standard deviation of a discrete random variable as a measures of spread, and evaluate them in simple cases (ACMMM141)

Use discrete random variables and associated probabilities to solve practical problems. (ACMMM142)

Use a Bernoulli random variable as a model for two-outcome situations (ACMMM143)

Understand the concepts of Bernoulli trials and the concept of a binomial random variable as the number of successes in n independent Bernoulli trials, with the same probability of success p in each trial (ACMMM147)

Identify contexts suitable for modelling by binomial random variables (ACMMM148)

Determine and use the probabilities P(X=r) = (n r) p^r (1-p)^(n-r) associated with the binomial distribution with parameters n and p; note the mean np and variance np(1-p) of a binomial distribution (ACMMM149)

Use binomial distributions and associated probabilities to solve practical problems. (ACMMM150)

Define logarithms as indices: a^x = b is equivalent to x = log_a b, i.e. a^(log_a b) = b (ACMMM151)

Establish and use the algebraic properties of logarithms (ACMMM152)

Recognise the inverse relationship between logarithms and exponentials: y = a^x is equivalent to x = log_a y (ACMMM153)

Interpret and use logarithmic scales such as decibels in acoustics, the Richter Scale for earthquake magnitude, octaves in music, pH in chemistry (ACMMM154)

Solve equations involving indices using logarithms (ACMMM155)

Recognise the qualitative features of the graph of y = log_a x (a > 1) including asymptotes, and of its translations y = log_a x+b and y = log_a (x+c) (ACMMM156)

Solve simple equations involving logarithmic functions algebraically and graphically (ACMMM157)

Identify contexts suitable for modelling by logarithmic functions and use them to solve practical problems. (ACMMM158)

Recognise and use the inverse relationship of the functions y = e^x and y = ln x (ACMMM160)

Use relative frequencies and histograms obtained from data to estimate probabilities associated with a continuous random variable (ACMMM164)

Understand the concepts of a probability density function, cumulative distribution function, and probabilities associated with a continuous random variable given by integrals; examine simple types of continuous random variables and use them in appropriate contexts (ACMMM165)

Recognise the expected value, variance and standard deviation of a continuous random variable and evaluate them in simple cases (ACMMM166)

Identify contexts such as naturally occurring variation that are suitable for modelling by normal random variables (ACMMM168)

Recognise features of the graph of the probability density function of the normal distribution with mean and standard deviation and the use of the standard normal distribution (ACMMM169)

Calculate probabilities and quantiles associated with a given normal distribution using technology, and use these to solve practical problems. (ACMMM170)

Discuss sources of bias in samples, and procedures to ensure randomness (ACMMM172)

Use graphical displays of simulated data to investigate the variability of random samples from various types of distributions, including uniform, normal and Bernoulli. (ACMMM173)

Understand the concept of the sample proportion p as a random variable whose value varies between samples, and the formulas for the mean p and standard deviation _(p(1-p)/n) of the sample proportion p (ACMMM174)

Examine the approximate normality of the distribution of p for large samples (ACMMM175)

Simulate repeated random sampling, for a variety of values of p and a range of sample sizes, to illustrate the distribution of p and the approximate standard normality p-p/_(p(1-p)/n) of where the closeness of the approximation depends on both n and p. (ACMMM176)

The concept of an interval estimate for a parameter associated with a random variable (ACMMM177)

Use the approximate confidence interval (p-z_((p(1-p)/n), p+z_(p(1-p)/n)), as an interval estimate for , where is the appropriate quantile for the standard normal distribution (ACMMM178)

Define the approximate margin of error E=z_(p(1-p)/n) and understand the trade-off between margin of error and level of confidence (ACMMM179)

Use simulation to illustrate variations in confidence intervals between samples and to show that most but not all confidence intervals contain p. (ACMMM180)

Solve problems involving permutations and restrictions with or without repeated objects. (ACMSM004)

Determine and use the formulas for finding the number of elements in the union of two and the union of three sets. (ACMSM005)

Solve problems and prove results using the pigeon-hole principle. (ACMSM006)

Examine examples of vectors including displacement and velocity (ACMSM010)

Define and use the magnitude and direction of a vector (ACMSM011)

Use the triangle rule to find the sum and difference of two vectors. (ACMSM013)

Use ordered pair notation and column vector notation to represent a vector (ACMSM014)

Define and use unit vectors and the perpendicular unit vectors i and j (ACMSM015)

Express a vector in component form using the unit vectors i and j (ACMSM016)

Examine and use addition and subtraction of vectors in component form (ACMSM017)

Define and use multiplication by a scalar of a vector in component form (ACMSM018)

Apply the scalar product to vectors expressed in component form (ACMSM020)

Examine properties of parallel and perpendicular vectors and determine if two vectors are parallel or perpendicular (ACMSM021)

Solve problems involving displacement, force and velocity involving the above concepts. (ACMSM023)

Use implication, converse, equivalence, negation, contrapositive (ACMSM024)

Use the symbols for implication (), equivalence (), and equality (=) (ACMSM026)

The angle at the centre subtended by an arc of a circle is twice the angle at the circumference subtended by the same arc (ACMSM030)

Angles at the circumference of a circle subtended by the same arc are equal (ACMSM031)

The opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary (ACMSM032)

Chords of equal length subtend equal angles at the centre and conversely chords subtending equal angles at the centre of a circle have the same length (ACMSM033)

When two chords of a circle intersect, the product of the lengths of the intervals on one chord equals the product of the lengths of the intervals on the other chord (ACMSM035)

When a secant (meeting the circle at A and B) and a tangent (meeting the circle at T) are drawn to a circle from an external point M, the square of the length of the tangent equals the product of the lengths to the circle on the secant. (AM x BM = TM^2) (ACMSM036)

Suitable converses of some of the above results (ACMSM037)

Solve problems finding unknown angles and lengths and prove further results using the results listed above. (ACMSM038)

The diagonals of a parallelogram meet at right angles if and only if it is a rhombus (ACMSM039)

Midpoints of the sides of a quadrilateral join to form a parallelogram (ACMSM040)

The sum of the squares of the lengths of the diagonals of a parallelogram is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the sides. (ACMSM041)

Find all solutions of f(a(x-b))=c where f is one of sin, cos or tan (ACMSM042)

Graph functions with rules of the form y=f(a(x-b)) where f is one of sin, cos or tan. (ACMSM043)

Prove and apply the angle sum, difference and double angle identities. (ACMSM044)

Define the reciprocal trigonometric functions, sketch their graphs, and graph simple transformations of them. (ACMSM045)

Prove and apply the identities for products of sines and cosines expressed as sums and differences (ACMSM047)

Convert sums a cos x+b sin x to R cos (x) or R sin(x) and apply these to sketch graphs, solve equations of the form a cos x + b sin x = c and solve problems (ACMSM048)

Prove and apply other trigonometric identities such as cos 3x = 4 cos^3 x-3 cos x. (ACMSM049)

Model periodic motion using sine and cosine functions and understand the relevance of the period and amplitude of these functions in the model. (ACMSM050)

Define and use addition and subtraction of matrices, scalar multiplication, matrix multiplication, multiplicative identity and inverse (ACMSM052)

Calculate the determinant and inverse of 2x2 matrices and solve matrix equations of the form AX=B, where A is a 2x2 matrix and X and B are column vectors. (ACMSM053)

Express rational numbers as terminating or eventually recurring decimals and vice versa (ACMSM062)

Define the imaginary number as a root of the equation x^2 = -1 (ACMSM067)

Use complex numbers in the form a+bi where a and b are the real and imaginary parts (ACMSM068)

Perform complex-number arithmetic: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. (ACMSM070)

Consider complex numbers as points in a plane with real and imaginary parts as Cartesian coordinates (ACMSM071)

Examine addition of complex numbers as vector addition in the complex plane (ACMSM072)

Understand and use location of complex conjugates in the complex plane. (ACMSM073)

Use the general solution of real quadratic equations (ACMSM074)

Determine complex conjugate solutions of real quadratic equations (ACMSM075)

Determine linear factors of real quadratic polynomials. (ACMSM076)

Review real and imaginary parts Re(z) and Im(z) of a complex number z (ACMSM077)

Review complex arithmetic using Cartesian forms. (ACMSM079)

Prove and apply the factor theorem and the remainder theorem for polynomials (ACMSM089)

Consider conjugate roots for polynomials with real coefficients (ACMSM090)

Determine when the composition of two functions is defined (ACMSM092)

Examine the reflection property of the graph of a function and the graph of its inverse. (ACMSM096)

Use and apply the notation |x| for the absolute value for the real number x and the graph of y=|x| (ACMSM098)

Sketch the graphs of simple rational functions where the numerator and denominator are polynomials of low degree. (ACMSM100)

Examine the three cases for solutions of systems of equations a unique solution, no solution, and infinitely many solutions and the geometric interpretation of a solution of a system of equations with three variables. (ACMSM110)

Recognise the general form of a system of linear equations in several variables, and use elementary techniques of elimination to solve a system of linear equations (ACMSM109)

Consider position of vectors as a function of time (ACMSM111)

Derive the Cartesian equation of a path given as a vector equation in two dimensions including ellipses and hyperbolas (ACMSM112)

Differentiate and integrate a vector function with respect to time (ACMSM113)

Establish and use the formula (1/x)dx = ln |x| + c, for x 0 (ACMSM118)

Calculate areas between curves determined by functions (ACMSM124)

Use and apply the probability density function, f(t) = e^(-t) for t0, of the exponential random variable with parameter >0 and use the exponential random variables and associated probabilities and quantiles to model data and solve practical problems. (ACMSM127)

Solve simple first-order differential equations of the form dy/dx = f(x), differential equations of the form dy/dx = g(y) and, in general, differential equations of the form dy/dx = f(x)g(y) using separation of variables (ACMSM130)

Examine the concept of the sample mean X as a random variable whose value varies between samples where X is a random variable with mean _ and the standard deviation (ACMSM137)

Simulate repeated random sampling, from a variety of distributions and a range of sample sizes, to illustrate properties of the distribution of x across samples of a fixed size n, including its mean _, its standard deviation /_n (where _ and are the mean and standard deviation of X), and its approximate normality if n is large (ACMSM138)

Simulate repeated random sampling, from a variety of distributions and a range of sample sizes, to illustrate the approximate standard normality of x-_/(s/_n) for large samples (n 30), where s is the sample standard deviation. (ACMSM139)

Understand the concept of an interval estimate for a parameter associated with a random variable (ACMSM140)

Examine the approximate confidence interval (x-(zs/_n), x+(zs/_n)), as an interval estimate for _, the population mean, where z is the appropriate quantile for the standard normal distribution (ACMSM141)

Use simulation to illustrate variations in confidence intervals between samples and to show that most but not all confidence intervals contain _ (ACMSM142)

Use x and s to estimate _ and , to obtain approximate intervals covering desired proportions of values of a normal random variable and compare with an approximate confidence interval for _ (ACMSM143)

Collect data and construct an approximate confidence interval to estimate a mean and to report on survey procedures and data quality. (ACMSM144)

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