# Nova Scotia Learning Outcomes — Grade 7

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#### 7-DM.F.

Students will solve problems involving the collection, display, and analysis of data.

#### 7-DM.F1.

Students will be expected to communicate through example the distinction between biased and unbiased sampling, and first and second-hand data.

#### 7-DM.F2.

Students will be expected to formulate questions for investigation from relevant contexts.

#### 7-DM.F3.

Students will be expected to select, defend, and use appropriate data collection methods and evaluate issues to be considered when collecting data.

#### 7-DM.F4.

Students will be expected to construct a histogram.

#### 7-DM.F5.

Students will be expected to construct appropriate data displays, grouping data where appropriate and taking into consideration the nature of the data.

#### 7-DM.F6.

Students will be expected to read and make inferences for grouped and ungrouped data displays.

#### 7-DM.F7.

Students will be expected to formulate statistics projects to explore current issues from within mathematics, other subject areas, or the world of students.

#### 7-DM.F8.

Students will be expected to determine measures of central tendency and how they are affected by data presentations and fluctuations.

#### 7-DM.F9.

Students will be expected to draw inferences and make predictions based on the variability of data sets, using range and the examination of outliers, gaps, and clusters.

#### 7-G.E.

Students will demonstrate spatial sense and apply geometric concepts, properties, and relationships.

#### 7-G.E1.

Students will be expected to recognize, name, describe, and construct polygons.

#### 7-G.E2.

Students will be expected to predict and generate polygons that can be formed with a transformation or composition of transformations of a given polygon.

#### 7-G.E3.

Students will be expected to make and apply generalizations about the properties of regular polygons.

#### 7-G.E4.

Students will be expected to make and apply generalizations about tessellations of polygons.

#### 7-G.E5.

Students will be expected to construct polyhedra using one type of regular polygonal face, and describe and name the resulting Platonic Solids.

#### 7-G.E6.

Students will be expected to construct semi-regular polyhedra and describe and name the resulting solids, and demonstrate an understanding about their relationships to the Platonic Solids.

#### 7-G.E7.

Students will be expected to make and apply generalizations about angle relationships.

#### 7-G.E8.

Students will be expected to make and apply generalizations about the commutativity of transformations.

#### 7-G.E9.

Students will be expected to make and apply informal deductions about the minimum and sufficient conditions to guarantee that a given triangle is of a particular type.

#### 7-M.D.

Students will demonstrate an understanding of and apply concepts and skills associated with measurement.

#### 7-M.D1.

Students will be expected to identify, use, and convert among the SI units to measure, estimate, and solve problems that relate to length, area, volume, mass, and capacity.

#### 7-M.D2.

Students will be expected to apply concepts and skills related to time in problem situations.

#### 7-M.D3.

Students will be expected to develop and use rate as a tool for solving indirect measurement problems in a variety of contexts.

#### 7-M.D5.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among diameter, radii, and circumference of circles, and use the relationships to solve problems.

#### 7-NC.A.

Students will demonstrate number sense and apply number theory concepts.

#### 7-NC.A1.

Students will be expected to model and use power, base, and exponent to represent repeated multiplication.

#### 7-NC.A10.

Students will be expected to illustrate, explain, and express ratios, fractions, decimals, and percents in alternative forms.

#### 7-NC.A11.

Students will be expected to demonstrate number sense for percent.

#### 7-NC.A12.

Students will be expected to represent integers (including zero) concretely, pictorially, and symbolically, using a variety of models.

#### 7-NC.A13.

Students will be expected to compare and order integers.

#### 7-NC.A2.

Students will be expected to rename numbers among exponential, standard and expanded forms.

#### 7-NC.A3.

Students will be expected to rewrite large numbers from standard form to scientific notation and vice versa.

#### 7-NC.A4.

Students will be expected to solve and create problems involving common factors and greatest common factors (GCF).

#### 7-NC.A5.

Students will be expected to solve and create problems involving common multiples and least common multiples (LCM).

#### 7-NC.A6.

Students will be expected to develop and apply divisibility rules for 3, 4, 6, and 9.

#### 7-NC.A7.

Students will be expected to apply patterning in renaming numbers from fractions and mixed numbers to decimal numbers.

#### 7-NC.A8.

Students will be expected to rename single-digit and double-digit repeating decimals to fractions through the use of patterns, and use these patterns to make predictions.

#### 7-NC.A9.

Students will be expected to compare and order proper and improper fractions, mixed numbers, and decimal numbers.

#### 7-NC.B.

Students will demonstrate operation sense and apply operation principles and procedures in both numeric and algebraic situations.

#### 7-NC.B1.

Students will be expected to use estimation strategies to assess and justify the reasonableness of calculation results for integers and decimal numbers.

#### 7-NC.B10.

Students will be expected to create and solve problems that involve the use of percent.

#### 7-NC.B11.

Students will be expected to add and subtract integers concretely, pictorially, and symbolically to solve problems.

#### 7-NC.B12.

Students will be expected to multiply integers concretely, pictorially, and symbolically to solve problems.

#### 7-NC.B13.

Students will be expected to divide integers concretely, pictorially, and symbolically to solve problems.

#### 7-NC.B14.

Students will be expected to solve and pose problems that utilize addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of integers.

#### 7-NC.B15.

Students will be expected to apply the order of operations to integers.

#### 7-NC.B16.

Students will be expected to create and evaluate simple variable expressions by recognizing that the four operations apply in the same way as they do for numerical expressions.

#### 7-NC.B17.

Students will be expected to distinguish between like and unlike terms.

#### 7-NC.B18.

Students will be expected to add and subtract like terms by recognizing the parallel with numerical situations, using concrete and pictorial models.

#### 7-NC.B2.

Students will be expected to use mental math strategies for calculations involving integers and decimal numbers.

#### 7-NC.B3.

Students will be expected to demonstrate understanding of the properties of operations with decimal numbers and integers.

#### 7-NC.B4.

Students will be expected to determine and use the most appropriate computational method in problem situations involving whole numbers and/or decimals.

#### 7-NC.B5.

Students will be expected to apply the order of operations for problems involving whole and decimal numbers.

#### 7-NC.B6.

Students will be expected to estimate sum or difference of fractions when appropriate.

#### 7-NC.B7.

Students will be expected to multiply mentally a fraction by whole numbers and vice versa.

#### 7-NC.B8.

Students will be expected to estimate and determine percent when given the part and the whole.

#### 7-NC.B9.

Students will be expected to estimate and determine the percent of a number.

#### 7-P.G.

Students will represent and solve problems involving uncertainty.

#### 7-P.G2.

Students will be expected to solve probability problems, using simulations and by conducting experiments.

#### 7-P.G3.

Students will be expected to identify all possible outcomes of two independent events, using tree diagrams and area models.

#### 7-P.G4.

Students will be expected to create and solve problems, using the numerical definition of probability.

#### 7-P.G5.

Students will be expected to compare experimental results with theoretical results.

#### 7-P.G6.

Students will be expected to use fractions, decimals, and per cents as numerical expressions to describe probability.

#### 7-PR.C.

Students will explore, recognize, represent, and apply patterns and relationships, both informally and formally.

#### 7-PR.C1.

Students will be expected to describe a pattern, using written and spoken language and tables and graphs.

#### 7-PR.C2.

Students will be expected to summarize simple patterns, using constants, variables, algebraic expressions, and equations, and use them in making predictions.

#### 7-PR.C3.

Students will be expected to explain the difference between algebraic expressions and algebraic equations.

#### 7-PR.C4.

Students will be expected to solve one- and two-step single-variable linear equations, using systematic trial.

#### 7-PR.C6.

Students will be expected to graph linear equations, using a table of values.

#### 7-PR.C7.

Students will be expected to interpolate and extrapolate number values from a given graph.

#### 7-PR.C8.

Students will be expected to determine if an ordered pair is a solution to a linear equation.

#### 7-PR.C9.

Students will be expected to construct and analyze graphs to show how change in one quantity affects a related quantity.

#### SC7.GCO.1.

Students will develop an understanding of the nature of science and technology, of the relationships between science and technology, and of the social and environmental contexts of science and technology.

#### SC7.GCO.2.

Students will develop the skills required for scientific and technological inquiry, for solving problems, for communicating scientific ideas and results, for working collaboratively, and for making informed decisions.

#### SC7.GCO.3.

Students will construct knowledge and understandings of concepts in life science, physical science, and Earth and space science, and apply these understandings to interpret, integrate, and extend their knowledge.

#### SC7.GCO.4.

Students will be encouraged to develop attitudes that support the responsible acquisition and application of scientific and technological knowledge to the mutual benefit of self, society, and the environment.

#### SC7.SCO.1.1.

Geological Plate Tectonics and Time Scale

#### SC7.SCO.1.1.1.

Students will be expected to analyze and compare data to determine patterns and trends on some catastrophic events that occur on or near Earth's surface (210-6, 311-1, 311-4, 311-5).

#### SC7.SCO.1.1.2.

Students will be expected to describe theories from the past to present plate tectonics, including Canadian examples (110-1, 110-4, 112-12).

#### SC7.SCO.1.1.3.

Students will be expected to organize and develop a chronological model or geological time scale of major events in Earth's history (209-4, 311-6).

#### SC7.SCO.1.2.1.

Students will be expected to classify minerals and rocks on the basis of their characteristics and method of formation, and compare with classification keys (210-1, 310-2).

#### SC7.SCO.1.2.2.

Students will be expected to collaboratively plan and construct a geological land mass profile using simulated core sampling (211-3, 211-4, 210-12).

#### SC7.SCO.1.2.3.

Students will be expected to explore and describe the composition of Earth's crust, using common samples, scientific studies, and society's needs (109-7, 111-2, 310-1).

#### SC7.SCO.1.3.

Weathering, Soil, and the Rock Cycle

#### SC7.SCO.1.3.1.

Students will be expected to investigate and explain various ways in which rocks can be weathered and explain the rock cycle (311-2, 208-2).

#### SC7.SCO.1.3.2.

Students will be expected to relate various meteorological, geological, and biological processes to the formation of soils (311-3).

#### SC7.SCO.1.3.3.

Students will be expected to investigate and discuss procedures and expenditures for enriching soils, providing science and technology examples (112-7, 113-7).

#### SC7.SCO.2.1.1.

Students will be expected to examine and separate the components of a variety of mixtures, safely using materials in a laboratory (209-6, 307-2).

#### SC7.SCO.2.2.1.

Students will be expected to distinguish between pure substances and mixtures, using the particle theory of matter (307-1).

#### SC7.SCO.2.2.2.

Students will be expected to apply criteria for evaluating evidence and describe, in a laboratory, the characteristics of solutions, using the particle model of matter (208-10, 307-3).

#### SC7.SCO.2.2.3.

Students will be expected to demonstrate a knowledge of WHMIS standards by using proper techniques for handling and disposing of materials (209-7).

#### SC7.SCO.2.3.

Concentration of Solutions

#### SC7.SCO.2.3.4.

Students will be expected to predict the solubility of a solute by interpolating or extrapolating from graphical data (210-4).

#### SC7.SCO.2.4.

Mixtures, Solutions, and the Environment

#### SC7.SCO.2.4.1.

Students will be expected to identify and explain examples of mixtures and solutions that have an impact on development in science, technology, and environment (112-7, 113-1).

#### SC7.SCO.2.4.2.

Students will be expected to describe the science underlying particular technologies designed to explore natural phenomena, extend human capabilities, or solve practical problems (111-5).

#### SC7.SCO.3.1.

Temperature and Matter

#### SC7.SCO.3.1.1.

Students will be expected to construct, test, and produce data using an air thermometer (208-8, 210-13, 210-2).

#### SC7.SCO.3.1.2.

Students will be expected to compare and demonstrate how to use and read various instruments used to measure temperature from the past to present technologies (308-1, 209-3, 110-7).

#### SC7.SCO.3.1.3.

Students will be expected to explain how each state of matter, including changes of state, react to changes in temperature, using the particle model of matter (308-3, 308-4).

#### SC7.SCO.3.1.4.

Students will be expected to explain temperature, using the concept of kinetic energy and the particle model of matter (308-2).

#### SC7.SCO.3.2.1.

Students will be expected to compare transmission of heat by conduction, convection, and radiation (308-5).

#### SC7.SCO.3.2.2.

Students will be expected to differentiate between science and technology applications of how heat affects lives (111-5, 113-4).

#### SC7.SCO.3.2.4.

Students will be expected to investigate in a laboratory and describe in various formats how surfaces absorb radiant heat (308-6, 211-2).

#### SC7.SCO.3.3.

Technology, Temperature, and Heat

#### SC7.SCO.3.3.1.

Students will be expected to identify examples of science- and technology-based careers that use heat and temperature (112-9).

#### SC7.SCO.3.3.2.

Students will be expected to describe, with examples, our heat needs and insulating technologies from the past to present (112-1, 109-4).

#### SC7.SCO.4.1.

Components of an Ecosystem

#### SC7.SCO.4.1.1.

Students will be expected to identify the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a local ecosystem and describe both their diversity and their interactions (304-2).

#### SC7.SCO.4.1.2.

Students will be expected to identify questions, investigate, and record collected data on the ecosystem's components using materials effectively (208-2, 208-3, 210-1).

#### SC7.SCO.4.1.3.

Students will be expected to describe interactions between biotic and abiotic factors in an ecosystem (306-3).

#### SC7.SCO.4.1.4.

Students will be expected to distinguish and explain how biological classification reflects the diversity of life on Earth, using specific terms and characteristics (304-1, 109-1, 109-12).

#### SC7.SCO.4.2.

Food Chains, Food Webs, and Decomposers

#### SC7.SCO.4.2.1.

Students will be expected to describe how matter is recycled in an ecosystem and evaluate potential applications of energy transformations (306-2, 210-2).

#### SC7.SCO.4.2.2.

Students will be expected to describe how energy is supplied to, and how it flows through, the structures and interactions in a natural system, using charts, diagrams, and terminology (306-1, 111-6, 210-3).

#### SC7.SCO.4.3.1.

Students will be expected to identify signs of ecological succession in a local ecosystem and predict its future based on characteristics and succession (306-4, 208-5).

#### SC7.SCO.4.4.1.

Students will be expected to defend a proposal to protect a habitat and provide examples of various issues that can be addressed in multiple ways (113-11, 211-5, 113-10).

#### SC7.SCO.4.4.2.

Students will be expected to research individuals/groups in Canada that focus on the environment, using various print and electronic sources (112-4, 112-8, 209-5).

#### SS.7.2.

Unit Two: Economic Empowerment

#### SS.7.2.1.

Students will be expected to analyze how commodities that lead to economic empowerment have changed.

#### SS.7.2.2.

Students will be expected to investigate the various ways economic systems empower or disempower people.

#### SS.7.2.3.

Students will be expected to analyze trends that could impact future economic empowerment.

#### SS.7.3.

Unit Three: Political Empowerment

#### SS.7.3.1.

Students will be expected to evaluate the conditions of everyday life for diverse peoples living in British North America in the mid-1800s, including Aboriginal peoples, African-Canadians, and Acadians.

#### SS.7.3.2.

Students will be expected to analyze how the struggle for responsible government was an issue of political empowerment and disempowerment.

#### SS.7.3.3.

Students will be expected to analyze the internal and external factors that led to Confederation.

#### SS.7.3.4.

Students will be expected to examine the political structure of Canada as a result of Confederation.

#### SS.7.4.

Unit Four: Cultural Empowerment

#### SS.7.4.1.

Students will be expected to explain how the expansion and development of Canada during the 1870s and early 1880s affected its various peoples and regions.

#### SS.7.4.2.

Students will be expected to analyze the events of the Northwest Rebellion to determine its impact on internal relations in Canada.

#### SS.7.4.3.

Students will be expected to analyze the degree of empowerment and disempowerment for Aboriginal peoples in present day Atlantic Canada during this period.

#### SS.7.4.4.

Students will be expected to analyze the struggle for empowerment by new cultural groups immigrating to Canada between 1870 and 1914.

#### SS.7.5.

Unit Five: Societal Empowerment

#### SS.7.5.1.

Students will be expected to evaluate the conditions of everyday life for the peoples of Canada at the turn of the 20th century.

#### SS.7.5.2.

Students will be expected to describe the impact of the Industrial Revolution on industry and workers in Newfoundland and Labrador, the Maritimes, and across Canada.

#### SS.7.5.3.

Students will be expected to examine how women became more empowered through their role in the social reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

#### SS.7.6.

Unit Six: National Empowerment

#### SS.7.6.1.

Students will be expected to examine how events in the early 20th century led Canada toward independence.

#### SS.7.6.2.

Students will be expected to explain Canada's participation in WWI.

#### SS.7.6.3.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the impact of WWI on Canada and her people.

#### SS.7.7.

Unit Seven: Reflection

#### SS.7.7.1.

Students will be expected to portray an understanding of the extent of empowerment of individuals, groups, and the nation up to 1920.

#### SS.7.A.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and the origins, functions, and sources of power, authority, and governance.

#### SS.7.A.1

Individuals, Societies, and Economic Decisions

#### SS.7.B.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of culture, diversity, and world view, recognizing the similarities and differences reflected in various personal, cultural, racial, and ethnic perspectives.

#### SS.7.B.1

People, Place, and Environment

#### SS.7.C.

Students will be expected to demonstrate the ability to make responsible economic decisions as individuals and as members of society.

#### SS.7.C.1

Culture and Diversity

#### SS.7.D.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the interdependent relationship among individuals, societies, and the environment locally, nationally, and globally and the implications for a sustainable future.

#### SS.7.E.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the interactions among people, places, and the environment.

#### SS.7.E.1

Time, Continuity, and Change

#### SS.7.F.

Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the past and how it affects the present and the future.

#### SS.7.GCO.

Citizenship, Power, and Governance