Illinois Science Standards — Grade 11


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11.A.5a.

Formulate hypotheses referencing prior research and knowledge.

11.A.5b.

Design procedures to test the selected hypotheses.

11.A.5c.

Conduct systematic controlled experiments to test the selected hypotheses.

11.A.5d.

Apply statistical methods to make predictions and to test the accuracy of results.

11.A.5e.

Report, display and defend the results of investigations to audiences that may include professionals and technical experts.

11.B.5a.

Identify a design problem that has practical applications and propose possible solutions, considering such constraints as available tools, materials, time and costs.

11.B.5b.

Select criteria for a successful design solution to the identified problem.

11.B.5c.

Build and test different models or simulations of the design solution using suitable materials, tools and technology.

11.B.5d.

Choose a model and refine its design based on the test results.

11.B.5e.

Apply established criteria to evaluate the suitability, acceptability, benefits, drawbacks and consequences for the tested design solution and recommend modifications and refinements.

11.B.5f.

Using available technology, prepare and present findings of the tested design solution to an audience that may include professional and technical experts.

12.A.5a.

Explain changes within cells and organisms in response to stimuli and changing environmental conditions (e.g., homeostasis, dormancy).

12.A.5b.

Analyze the transmission of genetic traits, diseases and defects.

12.B.5a.

Analyze and explain biodiversity issues and the causes and effects of extinction.

12.B.5b.

Compare and predict how life forms can adapt to changes in the environment by applying concepts of change and constancy (e.g., variations within a population increase the likelihood of survival under new conditions).

12.C.5a.

Analyze reactions (e.g., nuclear reactions, burning of fuel, decomposition of waste) in natural and man-made energy systems.

12.C.5b.

Analyze the properties of materials (e.g., mass, boiling point, melting point, hardness) in relation to their physical and/or chemical structures.

12.D.5a.

Analyze factors that influence the relative motion of an object (e.g., friction, wind shear, cross currents, potential differences).

12.D.5b.

Analyze the effects of gravitational, electromagnetic and nuclear forces on a physical system.

12.E.5.

Analyze the processes involved in naturally occurring short-term and long-term Earth events (e.g., floods, ice ages, temperature, sea-level fluctuations).

12.F.5a.

Compare the processes involved in the life cycle of stars (e.g., gravitational collapse, thermonuclear fusion, nova) and evaluate the supporting evidence.

12.F.5b.

Describe the size and age of the universe and evaluate the supporting evidence (e.g., red-shift, Hubble's constant).

13.A.5a.

Design procedures and policies to eliminate or reduce risk in potentially hazardous science activities.

13.A.5b.

Explain criteria that scientists use to evaluate the validity of scientific claims and theories.

13.A.5c.

Explain the strengths, weaknesses and uses of research methodologies including observational studies, controlled laboratory experiments, computer modeling and statistical studies.

13.A.5d.

Explain, using a practical example (e.g., cold fusion), why experimental replication and peer review are essential to scientific claims.

13.B.5a.

Analyze challenges created by international competition for increases in scientific knowledge and technological capabilities (e.g., patent issues, industrial espionage, technology obsolescence).

13.B.5b.

Analyze and describe the processes and effects of scientific and technological breakthroughs.

13.B.5c.

Design and conduct an environmental impact study, analyze findings and justify recommendations.

13.B.5d.

Analyze the costs, benefits and effects of scientific and technological policies at the local, state, national and global levels (e.g., genetic research, Internet access).

13.B.5e.

Assess how scientific and technological progress has affected other fields of study, careers and job markets and aspects of everyday life.