Illinois Science Standards — Grade 5


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11.A.2a.

Formulate questions on a specific science topic and choose the steps needed to answer the questions.

11.A.2b.

Collect data for investigations using scientific process skills including observing, estimating and measuring.

11.A.2c.

Construct charts and visualizations to display data.

11.A.2d.

Use data to produce reasonable explanations.

11.A.2e.

Report and display the results of individual and group investigations.

11.B.2a.

Identify a design problem and propose possible solutions.

11.B.2b.

Develop a plan, design and procedure to address the problem identifying constraints (e.g., time, materials, technology).

11.B.2c.

Build a prototype of the design using available tools and materials.

11.B.2d.

Test the prototype using suitable instruments, techniques and quantitative measurements to record data.

11.B.2e.

Assess test results and the effectiveness of the design using given criteria and noting possible sources of error.

11.B.2f.

Report test design, test process and test results.

12.A.2a.

Describe simple life cycles of plants and animals and the similarities and differences in their offspring.

12.A.2b.

Categorize features as either inherited or learned (e.g., flower color or eye color is inherited; language is learned).

12.B.2a.

Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments (e.g., predator/prey, parasite/host, food chains and food webs).

12.B.2b.

Identify physical features of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (e.g., specialized teeth for eating certain foods, thorns for protection, insulation for cold temperature).

12.C.2a.

Describe and compare types of energy including light, heat, sound, electrical and mechanical.

12.C.2b.

Describe and explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases.

12.D.2a.

Explain constant, variable and periodic motions.

12.D.2b.

Demonstrate and explain ways that forces cause actions and reactions (e.g., magnets attracting and repelling; objects falling, rolling and bouncing).

12.E.2a.

Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems (e.g., rock cycle, water cycle, weather patterns).

12.E.2b.

Describe and explain short-term and long-term interactions of the Earth's components (e.g., earthquakes, types of erosion).

12.E.2c.

Identify and classify recyclable materials.

12.F.2a.

Identify and explain natural cycles and patterns in the solar system (e.g., order of the planets; moon phases; seasons as related to Earth's tilt, one's latitude, and where Earth is in its yearly orbit around the sun).

12.F.2b.

Explain the apparent motion of the sun and stars.

12.F.2c.

Identify easily recognizable star patterns (e.g., the Big Dipper, constellations).

12.F.3.

Compare and contrast the sun as a star with other objects in the Milky Way Galaxy (e.g., nebulae, dust clouds, stars, black holes).

13.A.2a.

Demonstrate ways to avoid injury when conducting science activities (e.g., wearing goggles, fire extinguisher use).

13.A.2b.

Explain why similar investigations may not produce similar results.

13.A.2c.

Explain why keeping accurate and detailed records is important.

13.B.2a.

Explain how technology is used in science for a variety of purposes (e.g., sample collection, storage and treatment; measurement; data collection, storage and retrieval; communication of information).

13.B.2b.

Describe the effects on society of scientific and technological innovations (e.g., antibiotics, steam engine, digital computer).

13.B.2c.

Identify and explain ways that science and technology influence the lives and careers of people.

13.B.2d.

Compare the relative effectiveness of reducing, reusing and recycling in actual situations.

13.B.2e.

Identify and explain ways that technology changes ecosystems (e.g., dams, highways, buildings, communication networks, power plants).

13.B.2f.

Analyze how specific personal and societal choices that humans make affect local, regional and global ecosystems (e.g., lawn and garden care, mass transit).