Indiana Learning Standards - Science — Grade 6

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Understand that the properties and behavior of matter can be explained by a model that depicts particles representing atoms or molecules in motion.


Explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases using drawings and models that represent matter as particles in motion whose state can be represented by the relative positions and movement of the particles.


Using a model in which matter is composed of particles in motion, investigate that when substances undergo a change in state, mass is conserved.


Recognize that objects in motion have kinetic energy and objects at rest have potential energy.


Describe with examples that potential energy exists in several different forms (e.g., gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy and chemical potential energy).


Compare and contrast potential and kinetic energy and how they can be transformed from one form to another.


Explain that energy may be manifested as heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, and sound and is often associated with chemical reactions.


Describe and model how the position, size and relative motions of the earth, moon and sun cause day and night, solar and lunar eclipses, and phases of the moon.


Recognize that gravity is a force that keeps celestial bodies in regular and predictable motion, holds objects to earths surface and is responsible for tides.


Understand that the sun, an average star where nuclear reactions occur, is the central and largest body in the solar system.


With regard to their size, composition, distance from sun, surface features and ability to support life, compare and contrast the planets of the solar system with one another and with asteroids and comets.


Demonstrate that the seasons in both hemispheres are the result of the inclination of the earth on its axis, which causes changes in sunlight intensity and length of day.


Describe specific relationships (i.e., predator and prey, consumer and producer, and parasite and host) between organisms and determine whether these relationships are competitive or mutually beneficial.


Describe how changes caused by organisms in the habitat where they live can be beneficial or detrimental to themselves or to native plants and animals.


Describe how certain biotic and abiotic factorssuch as predators, quantity of light and water, range of temperatures and soil compositioncan limit the number of organisms an ecosystem can support.


Recognize that plants use energy from the sun to make sugar (i.e., glucose) by the process of photosynthesis.


Describe how all animals, including humans, meet their energy needs by consuming other organisms, breaking down their structures, and using the materials to grow and function.


Recognize that food provides the energy for the work that cells do and is a source of the molecular building blocks that can be incorporated into a cells structure or stored for later use.


Understand how to apply potential or kinetic energy to power a simple device


Construct a simple device that uses potential or kinetic energy to perform work.


Describe the transfer of energy amongst energy interactions.