Indiana Learning Standards - Social Studies — Grade 2

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Identify when the local community was established and identify its founders and early settlers.


Explain changes in daily life in the community over time using maps, photographs, news stories, Web sites or video images.


Identify individuals who had a positive impact on the local community.


Identify and describe community celebrations, symbols and traditions and explain why they are important.


Develop a simple timeline of important events in the history of the school and/or school community.


Create and maintain a calendar of important school days, holidays and community events.


Read about and summarize historical community events using a variety of resources (the library, digital media, print media, electronic media, and community resources).


Explain that the United States government is founded on the belief of equal rights for its citizens*.


Understand and explain why it is important for a community to have responsible government


Identify community leaders, such as the mayor and city council.


Describe how people of different ages, cultural backgrounds and traditions contribute to the community and how all citizens can respect these differences.


Identify people who are good citizens and describe the character traits that make them admirable. * citizen: someone with rights and responsibilities in a particular community, city, state or country


Discuss and explain the meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance and understand the role played by Benjamin Harrison (Indianas only President) in promoting recitation of the Pledge by American school children; identify other ways citizens can affirm their citizenship.


Explain the consequences of violating laws, including punishment of those who do wrong, and the importance of resolving conflicts appropriately.


Use a compass to identify cardinal and intermediate directions and to locate places on maps and places in the classroom, school and community


Locate the equator and the poles on a globe and identify the local community, state and the United States on maps.


Compare neighborhoods in your community and explain how physical features of the community affect people living there.


Compare neighborhoods in your community with those in other parts of the world.


On a map, identify physical features of the local community


Identify and describe cultural or human features on a map using map symbols.


Describe simple demographics of the school.


Identify ways that recreational opportunities influence human activity in the community


Define the three types of productive resources (human resources, natural resources and capital resources ? Human resources (labor) describe the human work effort, both physical and mental, expended in production ? Natural resources (often called land resources) refer to resources such as coal, water, trees, and land itself ? Capital resources are the man-made physical resources (such as buildings, tools, machines, and equipment) used in production.


Identify productive resources used to produce goods and services in the community.


Identify community workers who provide goods and services for the rest of the community and explain how their jobs benefit people in the community.


Explain that a price is what people pay when they buy goods or services and what people receive when they sell goods or services.


Research goods and services produced in the local community and describe how people can be both producers and consumers.


Define opportunity cost and explain that because resources are limited in relation to peoples wants (scarcity), people must make choices as to how to use resources. ? Opportunity costs: term used in economics, to mean the value of the best alternative that would have been chosen instead. For example, a city is deciding between building a hospital or a parking garage on some vacant land. If they choose the hospital, the opportunity cost is the next best option (a parking garage) that might have been done with that same land instead.


Define specialization and identify specialized jobs in the school and community. ? Specialization: the performance of specific tasks or jobs


Explain why people trade for goods* and services* and explain how money makes trade easier. ? goods: tangible objects, such as food or toys, that can satisfy peoples wants ? services: actions that someone does for someone else, such as dental care or trash removal


Explain the concept of savings and why this is important for individuals and for our economy